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Teaching

York University

Department of Sociology

Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies

GS/SOCI 4215 3.0 (F) - M

Capitalism, Ideology, and Social Theory

Fall 2017

Course Syllabus

Course Director: Marcello Musto

Class Time: Wednesday 19:00 - 22:00

Class Location: Vari Hall 1016

Office Hours: Wednesday 18:00 - 19:00

Office Location: Ross Bldg. N833A

Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Unit Description


The course explores the applicability of sociological theory - classical and contemporary - to the social issues of modernity particularly, in relation to inequality, exploitation, and democratic rights of subaltern groups and their relationship to elite.

Course Requirements and Evaluation

Class Participation

20%

Presentation

30%

Reading Summary

10%

Final Exam

40%

Note:

Mid-term class participation and presentation (if already done) marks will be available by email or by appointment on October 13 (Friday).

Class Participation:

This course is taught in weekly seminars lasting 2 hours and 50 minutes. Attendance and informed participation at all class meetings is not only strongly recommended, but required. Students are expected to attend class regularly, complete the assignment readings on time and participate actively in class discussion.

Participation will be marked for attendance and quality of participation.

Presentation:

Each class will begin with a student presentation (between 30 and 35 minutes) on the assigned readings. Presenters should provide (by photocopy) a 2 page summary of at least 500 words (NO PLAGIARISM) of her/his presentation for other students.

A good presentation is very important to stimulate discussion. Therefore, please avoid just reading from a paper, and try to present ideas and raise questions for the engagement of others. Presentations should:

-give all the pertinent biographical information about the author(s) and the historical context in which the assigned texts were written;

-reconstruct the argument of the author(s), and provide an overview of the assigned readings;

-identify the key questions for discussion, and the controversies implied by the material;

-critically analyze the texts (for example: what are the limitations of the position expressed in the readings?);

-identify anything you found unclear or hard to understand;

-conclude with at least three discussion questions for the class to consider.

Reading Summary:

Students will deliver on October 11 (Week 5 of class) a short summary (400 to 500 words) of the main sociological concepts included in the readings of one of the three authors read in the course until that point (S. Simon, Marx, or Veblen).

Final Exam :

A final exam will be held on November 29, at the regular class time and place. The exam will last 120 minutes and it will consist of answering to 3 questions (out of 5) drawn from the readings assigned during the course. Detailed information about the exam will be given in class.

Schedule of Classes and Readings

Week 1 – 13 September: Introduction

Recommended Readings:

Eric Hobsbawm, The Age of Revolution 1789-1848, Chapters 1, 2 and maps, pp. 7-52 and 309-320.

https://libcom.org/files/Eric%20Hobsbawm%20-%20Age%20Of%20Revolution%201789%20-1848.pdf

Week 2 – 20 September: Early Socialism

Required Readings:

Claude de Saint-Simon, The Organizer [1819], Industrial System [1821] and On Social Organization [1825]

Excerpts taken from the following volumes:

Saint-Simon, Henri. Henri Saint-Simon (1760-1825): Selected writings on science, industry, and social organization. Croom Helm. 1975.

Comte de Saint-Simon (ed. Markham), Henri Comte de Saint-Simon 1760-1825 Selected Writings. Blackwell Oxford, 1952.

Additional Readings:

Ghita Ionescu, Introduction, in Id. (ed.), The Political Thought of Saint-Simon, Cambridge University Press 1976.

Week 3 – 27 September: Anticapitalism I

Required Readings:

Karl Marx, Manifesto of the Commust Party [1848]

https://www.marxists.org/archive/marx/works/1848/communist-manifesto/

Additional Readings:

Marcello Musto, 'The Formation of Marx’s Critique of Political Economy: From the Studies of 1843 to the Grundrisse', Socialism & Democracy, Vol. 24, n. 3 (July 2010), pp. 66-100

Week 4 – 4 October: Anticapitalism II

Required Readings:

Karl Marx, Grundrisse [1857-58] (excerpt)

http://thenewobjectivity.com/pdf/marx.pdf

Capital, vol. I [1867] (excerpt)

https://web.stanford.edu/~davies/Symbsys100-Spring0708/Marx-Commodity-Fetishism.pdf

Additional Readings:

Maximilien Rubel – Margaret Manale, Marx Without Myth: A Chronological Study of his Life and Work, Harper & Row, 1975.

Week 5 – 11 October : Critique of the Leisure Class

Required Readings:

Thorstein Veblen, Theory of the Leisure Class [1899] (excerpts)

Additional Readings:

Stephen Edgell, Veblen in Perspective: His Life and Thought, M.E. Sharpe, 2001.

Week 6 – 18 October: Capitalism and Religion

Required Readings:

Max Weber, The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism [1904-05] (excerpts)

Additional Readings:

Joachim Radkau, Max Weber: a Biography, Polity, 2009.

Week 7 – 25 October: Cultural Egemony

Required Readings:

Antonio Gramsci, Prison Notebooks [1929-35] (excerpts)

Additional Readings:

Joseph Buttigieg, Introduction, in Id. (ed.), Antonio Gramsci, Prison Notebooks, Columbia University Press, 1992.

Week 8 – 1 November: Sociological Imagination

Required Readings:

Charles Wright Mills, White Collar [1951] (excerpts)

Additional Readings:

John Eldridge, C. Wright Mills, Horwood, 1983.

Week 9 – 8 November: The Frankfurt School

Required Readings:

Selections of writings from Max Horkheimer, Theodor W. Adorno and other authors (TBA).

Excerpts taken from the following volume:

Andrew Arato, and Eike Gebhardt (Eds.), The Essential Frankfurt School Reader, Continuum, 1982.

Additional Readings

Jay Bernstein (Ed.), The Frankfurt School: Critical Assessments (6 voll.), Routledge, 1994.

Week 10 – 15 November: Alienation Theory in North-American Sociology

Required Readings:

Marcello Musto, “Revisiting Marx’s Concept of Alienation”, Socialism and Democracy, vol. 24, n. 3 (November 2010): 79-101

Nettler, Gwynn (1957) “A Measure of Alienation”, American Sociological Review, vol. 22, n. 6, pp. 670-677

Seeman, Melvin (1959) “On the Meaning of Alienation”, American Sociological Review, vol. 24, n. 6, pp. 783-791

Clark, John (1959) “Measuring alienation within a social system”, American Sociological Review, vol. 24, n. 6, pp. 849-852

Heinz, Walter R. (1992) “Changes in the Methodology of Alienation Research”, in Felix Geyer and Walter R. Heinz (ed.), Alienation, society, and the individual, New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction, pp. 213-221.

Additional Readings:

Schweitzer, David (1982) “Alienation, De-alienation, and Change: A critical overview of current perspectives in philosophy and the social sciences”, in Giora Shoham (ed.) Alienation and Anomie Revisited, Tel Aviv: Ramot, pp. 27-70

Week 11 – 22 November: The Critique of the Spectacle and Consumer Society

Required Readings:

Guy Debord, The Society of the Spectacle [1967] (chapters 1-53).

Jean Baudrillard, The Consumer Society [1974] (Part I: chapters I-III; Part II: chapter I; Part III: Conclusion) and other writings (TBA).

Additional Readings:

Anselm Jappe, Guy Debord, University of California Press, 1999.

Douglas Kellner, Jean Baudrillard: From Marxism to Postmodernism and Beyond, Stanford University Press, 1989.

Week 12 – 29 November: Final Exam

September 2017

York University

Department of Sociology

Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies

GS/SOCI 6200 3.00 (F) - M

GS/SPTH 6043 3.00 (F) - M

GS/CMCT 6113 3.00 (F) - M

Contemporary Topics in Social Theory

Rediscovering Marx


Fall 2017

Course Director: Marcello Musto

Class Time: Tuesday 14:30 - 17:30

Class Location: SC 220

Office Hours: Wednesday 18:00 - 19:00

Office Location: Ross Bldg. N833A

Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Course Syllabus

Despite the predictions that consigned it to eternal oblivion, Karl Marx’s thought has returned to the limelight in recent years. Faced with a deep new crisis of capitalism, many are again looking to an author who in the past was often wrongly associated with the Soviet Union, and who was too hastily dismissed after 1989. After the waning of interest in the 1980s and the “conspiracy of silence” in the 1990s, new or republished editions of his work have become available almost everywhere. The literature dealing with Marx, which all but dried up twenty-five years ago, is showing signs of revival in many countries.

Marx’s writings are presently being published in German under the auspices of the Marx-Engels-Gesamtausgabe (MEGA²) project, the critical historical edition of the complete works of Marx and Engels, which resumed serial publication in 1998. The purpose of this course is to reconstruct the stages of Marx’s thought in the light of the textual acquisitions of MEGA², and hence to provide a more exhaustive account of the formation of Marx’s conceptions than has previously been offered.

The great majority of researchers have considered only certain periods, often jumping straight from theEconomic and Philosophical Manuscripts of 1844 to the Grundrisse (1857-58). The study of priceless manuscripts, and of interesting interim results, has remained the preserve of a narrow circle of scholars capable of reading the German-language volumes of MEGA². One of the aims of this course is to make these texts more widely known, and to debate on the genesis and unfinished character of Marx’s works.

Altogether, the Marx that emerges from this examination of his work in the areas of post-Hegelian philosophy, the materialist conception of history, scientific method, alienation and political thought at the time of the International Working Men’s Association is a thinker very different from the one presented for such a long time by his detractors as well as many ostensible followers.

If we bear in mind not only the well-known works, but also the manuscripts and notebooks of extracts in MEGA², the immensity and richness of Marx’s theoretical project appear in a clearer light. The notebooks of excerpts, and the recently published preparatory drafts of Capital, show the huge limitations of the “Marxist-Leninist” account – an ideology that often depicted Marx’s conception as something separate from the studies he conducted, as if it had been magically present in his head from birth – but also of the debate in Europe in the 1960s and 1970s. In fact, the participants in that debate could not consider the totality of Marx’s texts, and even some of these they treated as thoroughly finished works when that was far from being the case.

At a time when Marx’s ideas have finally been liberated from the chains of Soviet ideology, and when they are again being investigated for the sake of analysing the contemporary world, a more faithful account of the genesis of his thought may not be without important implications for the future – not only for Marx studies, but also for the re-founding of a critical thought that aims to transform the present.

Course Requirements

Class Participation:

This course is taught in weekly seminars lasting 2 hours and 50 minutes. Attendance is obligatory and students are expected to participate actively in seminar discussion.

Presentation (+ Discussant) :

Classes will begin with a student presentation of 30 to 40 minutes. Avoid just reading a paper aloud and get your colleagues involved.

Each student is encouraged to discuss with the course director the main points of her/his presentation at least one week in advance. Presentations will be an essential part of our seminar. You will orientate the discussion toward them and will provide to your colleagues more extended insights concerning the topic of the week. That will be possible on the basis of the additional readings already indicated in the syllabus and/or of further texts that will be suggested by the course director.

In your presentation you should focus on Marx - and much less on secondary sources. After you present his texts and provide its background (a published book, a manuscript, etc.) in about 5 min., you should dedicate enough time (about 20 min.) to expose the most important concepts included in the readings. Then you can discuss the reception and the literature on the topic. Finally you will pose some open questions (at least 3/4) for the debate - to which you will respond in the end, expressing your own point of view.

Example of presentation (Class 2):

1. Tell your colleague what are the Economic-Philosophical Manuscripts of 1844 and why/how were they written?

2. Present Marx's ideas on Alienated Labour, Private Property, Communism, etc.

3. Present the debate on the so-called 'young Marx'.

4. Pose questions.

5. Answer questions from your colleagues, chair the discussion, and provide an aswer to your questions.

In the second part of each class there will also be a 10 minutes contribution from a discussant. She/he should call the attention of other students to a few particular aspects of the topic of the week. The presenter and the discussant should cooperate before class, in order to avoid overlapping with the questions they will pose and with the problematics through which they will stimulate the discussion.

Final Paper Proposal:

The final paper proposal should be 3-4 pages (1.500 to 2.000 words) and include the following information:

- indication of the tentative title and of the sections in which the final paper will be divided;

- preliminary outline of the text;

- 5 keywords concerning the themes and the concepts to be addressed;

- a bibliography of at least 10 sources consulted;

Final paper proposals will be due, in hard copy and by email, and quickly presented in class, on November 7.

Please note that you cannot write the final paper on the same topic(s) you have done your presentation. Exceptions are possible, but very unlikely. In any case, the matter must be discussed in advance.

Final Paper:

Students are free to select their own final paper object among the topics listed below.

Marx on:

Capitalism - Communism - Democracy - Individual Freedom - Work - Proletariat

Class Struggle - Political Organization - Revolution - Ecology - Gender Equality

Nationalism and Ethnicity - Migration - Colonialism - War and International Relations

State - Globalization - Economic Crisis - Time - Materialistic Conception of History - Ideology - Art - Religion - Education - Technology and Science

Marx and/versus:

Hegel, Left Hegelians, Fourier, Owen, Saint-Simon, Smith, Ricardo, Malthus, Darwin, Proudhon, Lassalle, Bakunin, French Revolution, 1848, IWMA, Paris Commune, Russian Populism, India, Ireland, etc.

(Other topics can be proposed and discussed in advance with the course director)

The Final Paper, approved through the Final Paper Proposal, will be due by email no later than December 21. It should:

- be a maximum of 6.000 words, including notes and final references;

- be clearly structured and divided into at least 3 or 4 sections;

- have references from hard copy books, with the indication of page numbers (no references from the internet).

Access to Readings

The volume of M. Musto (ed.), Karl Marx's Grundrisse (Routledge, 2008) is available online at http://marcellomusto.org/images/BOOK-Musto-Marxs-Grundrisse.pdf and at Scott Library.

Karl Marx, Selected Writings (Oxford, 1977), and Marcello Musto (ed.), Workers Unite! (Bloomsbury, 2014) have been ordered for the bookstore.

Course Evaluation

Class Participation

20%

Presentations (+ Discussant)

30%

Final paper proposal

10%

Final paper

40%

Schedule of Classes and Readings

Sep 12 Introduction

Required Readings:

Karl Marx, 'Letter to his Father'

Additional Readings:

Eric Hobsbawm, The Age of Revolution 1789-1848, Chapters 1, 2 and maps, pp. 7-52 and 309-320.

Maximilien Rubel – Margaret Manale, Marx Without Myth: A Chronological Study of His Life and Work , Blackwell 1975

David McLellan, Karl Marx: His Life and Thought, Palgrave 2006

Hal Draper, The Marx-Engels Chronicle, Schoken Books 1985

Eric Hobsbawm, 'The Fortunes of Marx's and Engels' Writings'', in idem, ed., The History of Marxism, Volume 1: Marxism in Marx's day, Harvester 1982

Sep 19 The Encounter with Political Economy

With the participation of Prof. Mauro Buccheri (York University)


Required Readings:

Marcello Musto, 'The Rediscovery of Karl Marx', International Review of Social History, vol. 52, part 3, 2007: 477-498

Marcello Musto, 'Marx in Paris. Manuscripts and notebooks of 1844', Science & Society, Vol. 73, n. 3 (July 2009): 386-402

Karl Marx, Economic-Philosophical Manuscripts

Marcello Musto, 'The myth of the 'young Marx' in the interpretations of theEconomic and Philosophic Manuscripts of 1844', Critique, vol. 43 (2015), no. 2: 233-260.

Additional Readings:

Karl Löwith, From Hegel to Nietzsche, Columbia University Press, 1964 [1941] (Chapter 1)

Ernest Mandel, The Formation of the Economic Thought of Karl Marx, 1843 to Capital , New York: Monthly Review Press 1971

Louis Althusser, For Marx, Verso 2005 (Chapter 2: 'On the Young Marx')

Herbert Marcuse, Reason and Revolution: Hegel and the Rise of Social Theory, Humanity Books 1999 [1941]

Jean Hyppolite , Studies on Marx and Hegel, Harper & Row, 1969 [1955]

David McLellan, Marx before Marxism, Palgrave Macmillan 1970 (Chapters 1-3)

Sep 26 The Materialist Conception of History

Required Readings:

Karl Marx, 'Theses on Feuerbach'

Terrell Carver “The German Ideology Never Took Place”, History of Political Thought, Vol. 31 (1), pp. 107-127

Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, The German Ideology

Karl Marx, 'Letter to Annenkov'

Karl Marx, The Poverty of Philosophy

Additional Readings:

Terrell Carver - Daniel Blank (eds), Marx and Engels's "German Ideology" Manuscripts, New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2014

Terrell Carver and Daniel Blank, A political history of the editions of Marx and Engels's "German ideology manuscripts", New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2014

Terrell Carver, The Postmodern Marx, Pennstate 1998, pp. 87-118

Oct 3 On Non-Anticapitalist Socialisms

Required Readings:

Carl Landauer, European Socialism, (Chapter I: 'The Three Anticapitalistic Movement', sections 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5) pp. 21-59

Eric Hobsbawm, How to Change the World: Tales of Marx and Marxism (chapter 2: 'Marx, Engels and Pre-Marxian socialism')

Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, The Communist Manifesto

Karl Marx, 'Wage-Labour and Capital'

Karl Marx, 'Speech on Free Trade'

Friedrich Engels, Socialism: Utopian and Scientific

Additional Readings:

Eric Hobsbawm, “Introduction to The Communist Manifesto. A Modern Edition”, London: Verso, 1998, pp. 3-29.

George D.H. Cole, Socialist Thought, Volume I: The Forerunners 1789-1850, (Chapters IV: 'Saint-Simon', VI: 'Fourier and Fourierism', IX: 'Owen and Owenism - Earlier Phases'), pp. 37-50, 62-74 and 86-101

Vincent Geoghegan, Utopianism and Marxism, Peter Lang 2008 [1987]

Gregory Claeys, “Socialism and Utopia”, in Roland Schaer, Gregory Claeys, and Lyman Tower Sargent (eds), Utopia : The Search for the Ideal Society in the Western World, New York: The New York Public Library - Oxford University Press 2000, pp. 206–40.

Pamela Pilbeam, French Socialists before Marx: Workers, Women, and the Social Question in France . Teddington: Acumen 2000.

Oct 10 1848 and after

With the participation of Prof. Terrell Carver (University of Bristol)

Required Readings:

Karl Marx, The Class Struggle in France

Karl Marx, The Eighteenth Brumaire of Louis Bonaparte

Additional Readings:

Hal Draper, Karl Marx's Theory of Revolution, Vol. 1, ch. 15.

Mark Cowling and James Martin (eds.), Marx's 'Eighteenth Brumaire': (post)modern interpretations, London: Pluto Press, 2002.

Oct 17 Crisis and Uprisings: Journalism for the New-York Tribune

Required Readings:

Karl Marx, 'Preface to A Critique of Political Economy'

Marcello Musto, 'The Formation of Marx’s Critique of Political Economy: From the Studies of 1843 to the Grundrisse', Socialism & Democracy, Vol. 24, n. 3 (July 2010), pp. 66-100

Michael Krätke, 'The First World Economic Crisis: Marx as an Economic Journalist', in Marcello Musto (ed.), Karl Marx’s Grundrisse. Foundations of the Critique of Political Economy 150 Years Later, pp. 162-168

Michael Krätke, 'Marx's 'books of crisis' of 1857-8', in Marcello Musto (ed.), Karl Marx’s Grundrisse. Foundations of the Critique of Political Economy 150 Years Later, Routledge 2008, pp. 169-175

Karl Marx, 'Journalism of the 1850s'

Karl Marx, 5 articles for the New-York Tribune:

'Revolution in China and Europe' from MECW 12; 'The Economic Crisis in Europe', 'The Trade Crisis in England', 'The Financial Crisis in Europe' from MECW 15; and 'British Commerce and Finance' from MECW 16

Plus 5 other articles, by choice, among those listed below:

'Pauperism and Free Trade – The Approaching Commercial Crisis' from MECW 11; 'Revolution in China and Europe' and 'Political Movements – Scarcity of Bread in Europe' from MECW 12; 'The Commercial Crisis in Britain' from MECW 13; 'The Crisis in England' from MECW 14; 'The French Crédit Mobilier' (I, II and III), 'The Monetary Crisis in Europe', 'The Causes of the Monetary Crisis in Europe', 'The European Crisis', 'The New French Bank Act', 'The Bank Act of 1844 and the Monetary Crisis in England', 'The Crisis in Europe', 'The French Crisis', 'The Economic Crisis in France' and 'The Financial State of France' from MECW 15; 'The English Bank Act of 1844' and 'Commercial Crises and Currency in Britain' from MECW 16

Karl Marx, 'Letters 1848-1857'

Additional Readings:

Karl Marx, Dispatches for the New York Tribune: Selected Journalism of Karl Marx , New York: Penguin, 2007

Aijaz Ahmad, ‘Marx on India: A Clarification’, in In Theory: Classes, Nations, Literatures. London: Verso 1992, pp. 221-42.

Irfan Habib, ‘Marx’s Perception of India’, in Iqbal Husain (ed.), Karl Marx, on India. New Delhi: Tulika Books 2006, pp. xix-liv.

Prabhat Patnaik, ‘Appreciation: The Other Marx’,in Iqbal Husain (ed.),Karl Marx, on India. New Delhi: Tulika Books 2006, pp. lv-lxviii.

Simon Clarke, Marx’s Theory of Crisis, London: Palgrave 1994.

Oct 24 The Grundrisse

Required Readings:

Marcello Musto, 'History, Production and Method in the 1857 Introduction', in idem, ed., Karl Marx’s Grundrisse. Foundations of the Critique of Political Economy 150 Years Later, pp. 3-32

Karl Marx, Grundrisse

John Bellamy Foster, Marx's Grundrisse and the Ecological Contradictions of Capitalism', in Marcello Musto (ed.), Karl Marx’s Grundrisse. Foundations of the Critique of Political Economy 150 Years Later, pp. 93-106

Additional Readings:

Paresh Chattopadhyay, 'The Failure of Twentieth-Century Socialism and Marx’s Continuing Relevance', Socialism and Democracy, Vol. 24, n. 3 (2010), pp. 23-45.

Roman Rosdolsky, The Making of Marx’s Capital, Pluto 1977 (Chapters XXVIII and XXIX)

Iring Fetscher, 'Emancipated Individuals in an Emancipated Society: Marx's Sketch of Post-Capitalist Society in the Grundrisse', in Marcello Musto (ed.), Karl Marx’s Grundrisse. Foundations of the Critique of Political Economy 150 Years Later, pp. 107-119

Eric Hobsbawm, Introduction to Karl Marx, Pre-Capitalist Economic Formations, International Publishers 1965, pp. 9-65

Ellen Meiksins Wood, Historical Materialism in 'Forms Which Precede Capitalist Production' , in Marcello Musto, ed., Karl Marx's Grundrisse: Foundations of the Critique of Political Economy 150 Years Later, pp. 79-92

Moishe Postone, "Rethinking Capital in Light of the Grundrisse", in M. Musto (ed.), Karl Marx’s Grundrisse. Foundations of the Critique of Political Economy , pp. 120-137.

Oct 31 Capital I, Unpublished Ch. VI: The Critique of Capitalist Alienation

Required Readings:

Marcello Musto, “Revisiting Marx’s Concept of Alienation”, Socialism and Democracy, vol. 24, n. 3 (November 2010): 79-101.

Karl Marx, Theories of Surplus Value (only from 429 to 432)

Karl Marx, 'Results of the Immediate Process of Production'

Karl Marx, 'The Fetishism of Commodities' (pp. 458-472 from Capital, Vol. I)

Karl Marx, 'Letters 1858-1868'

Additional Readings:

Ernest Mandel, 'Appendix: Results of the Immediate Process of Production: Introduction', in Karl Marx, Capital, Volume I, pp. 943-947

Isaak Illich Rubin, Essays on Marx’s Theory of Value, Black & Red 1972

Michael Lebowitz, Beyond Capital, Palgrave 2003 (Chapter 3: 'The Missing Book on Wage-Labour'), pp. 27-50

Kevin Anderson, Marx at the Margins, University of Chicago Press 2010 (Chapter 5: From the Grundrisse to Capital: Multilinear Themes), pp. 151-195

Nov 7 Primitive Accumulation, Capitalism and Surplus Value

Required Readings:

Karl Marx, Capital, A. From Volume I

Additional Readings:

Ernest Mandel, 'Introduction', in Karl Marx, Capital, Volume I, pp. 11-86

David Harvey, The Limits to Capital, London: Verso 2006 (Chapter 1: 'Commodities, Values and Class Relation'), pp. 1-38

Ellen Meiksins Wood, Democracy Against Capitalism, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 1995 ('Introduction' and Chapter 1: 'The Separation of the 'Economic' and the 'Political' in Capitalism), pp. 1-48

Enrique Dussel, Towards an unknown Marx: A Commentary on the Manuscritps of 1861-1863, Routledge 2001

Ernest Mandel, 'Marx, Karl Heinrich', in John Eatwell - Murray Milgate - Peter Newman (eds), The New Palgrave: A Dictionary of Economics, Volume 3, pp. 367-383

Nov 14 The International

Required Readings:

Marcello Musto, “Introduction”, in Id. (Ed.), Workers Unite! The International 150 Years Later (Editor), London–New York: Bloomsbury, 2014, pp. 1-30.

Various Authors, in Marcello Musto (Ed.), Workers Unite! The International 150 Years Later (Parts 1, 2, 4, 11, and 12).

Karl Marx, 'Letters 1863-1881'

Additional Readings:

Fernbach, David, ‘Introduction' in Karl Marx, The First International and After: Political Writings (vol. 3), London: Verso, 2010, pp. 9-71.

Julius Braunthal, History of the International, New York: Praeger, 1967.

Julian P. W. Archer, The First International in France, 1864-1872: Its Origins, Theories, and Impact , Lanham/New York/Oxford: University Press of America, 1997.

Nov 21 The Paris Commune and the Conflict with the Autonomists

Marcello Musto, 'Introduction', in Id. (Ed.), Workers Unite! The International 150 Years Later , pp. 31-68.

Various Authors, in Marcello Musto (Ed.), Workers Unite! The International 150 Years Later (Parts 6, 7, 9, 10, and 13).

Karl Marx, On Bakunin's Statism and Anarchy

Additional Materials:

Donny Gluckstein, The Paris Commune: A Revolution in Democracy, Chapter 1: "The Commune's Achievements", pp. 1-42.

Kristin Ross, Communal Luxury: The Political Imaginary of the Paris Commune, London: Verso, 2015.

Prosper Olivier Lissagaray, History of the Paris Commune of 1871 [1876], London: Verso.

Nov 28 The Last Studies

Required Readings:

Karl Marx, Critique of the Gotha Programme

Marcello Musto, 'The Researches of the Late Marx: Anthropology, Colonialism, and Revolution' (forthcoming 2018)

Karl Marx, 'Letter to Mickhailovsky'

Lawrence Krader, 'Introduction', in Karl Marx,The Ethnological Notebooks of Karl Marx. Assen: Van Gorcum, 1972, pp. 1-43.

Karl Marx, 'Letter (and Drafts) to Vera Zasulich'

Karl Marx, 'Preface to The Communist Manifesto'

Additional Readings:

Daniel Bensaid, Marx for Our Times, London: Verso 2002

Kevin Anderson, Marx at the Margins, Chicago: University of Chicago Press 2010 (Chapter 5: Late Writings on Non-Western and Precapitalist Societies), pp. 196-236

September 2017

York University

Department of Sociology

Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies

GS/SOCI 6711 3.0 (W) - M

Social Movements

Winter 2017

Course Syllabus

Course Director: Marcello Musto

Class Time: Thursday 14:30 - 17:30

Class Location: Ross Bldg. S 501

Office Hours: Tuesday 17:30 - 18:30 (or by appointment)

Office Location: Ross Bldg. N 833A

Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Unit Description


This course deals with the developments of some of the most significant international social movements from the end of Ancien Régime to the fall of Berlin Wall (1789-1989). These include social movements that were formed around the French Revolution, the Revolutions of 1848, the Paris Commune, the birth of Soviet Union, the Chinese Revolution, the anticolonialist process in Asia, Africa and Latin America, the protests of 1968, as well as Socialist Feminism. These movements will be critically analysed, both in terms of history of ideas and of their major socio-political characteristics.

Course Requirements

Class Participation:

This course is taught in weekly seminars. Attendance is strongly recommended and students are expected to participate actively in class discussion.

Presentation:

Classes will begin with a student presentation of 30 to 40 minutes. Avoid just reading a paper aloud and get your colleagues involved.

Each student is encouraged to discuss with the course director the main points of her/his presentation at least one week in advance. Presentations will be an essential part of our seminar. You will orientate the discussion toward them and will provide to your colleagues more extended insights concerning the topic of the week. That will be possible on the basis of the additional readings already indicated in the syllabus and/or of further texts that will be suggested by the course director.

In your presentation, you should avoid devoting too much time to the assigned readings. You will only highlight their main points (in 5 to 10 min.) and pose some open questions (at least 3/4) for the debate - to which you will respond in the end, expressing your own point of view.

The most important part of the presentation (15 to 20 min.) should be dedicated to an exposition of the main characteristics of social movement in question: main achievements, class composition, role of women, socio-historical context, main ideas, political organization, etc.

In the second part of each class there will also be a 10 minutes contribution from a discussant. She/he should call the attention of other students to a few particular aspects of the topic of the week, including the influence (or reception, in case of theory) in the world. The presenter and the discussant should cooperate before class, in order to avoid overlapping with the questions they will pose and with the problematics through which they will stimulate the discussion.

Final Paper Proposal:

Students are free to propose their own final paper topic, but it must be related to one or more social movements, as well as key issues, discussed during the seminar. The final paper proposal should be 3-4 pages (1.500 to 2.000 words) and include the following information:

- indication of the tentative title and of the sections in which the writing will be divided;

- preliminary outline of the text;

- 5 keywords concerning the themes and the concepts to be addressed;

- a bibliography of at least 10 sources consulted;

Final paper proposals will be due, in hard copy and by email, on March 2.

Please note that you cannot write the final paper on the same author(s) you have done your presentation. Exceptions are possible, but unlikely. In any case, the matter must be discussed in advance.

Final Paper:

The Final Paper, approved through the Final Paper Proposal, will be due in hard copy and by email no later than April 30. It should:

- be a maximum of 6.000 words, including notes and final references;

- be clearly structured and divided into at least 3 or 4 sections;

- have references from hard copy books, with the indication of page numbers (no references from the internet).

Course Evaluation

Class Participation

20%

Presentation

20%

Final Paper Proposal

10%

Final Paper

50%


Schedule of Classes and Readings

Week 1 – 12 January: French Revolution

With the participation of Prof. Terrell Carver (University of Bristol)

Recommended Readings:

Eric Hobsbawm, The Age of Revolution 1789-1848, Chapters 1, 2 and maps, pp. 7-52 and 309-320.

https://libcom.org/files/Eric%20Hobsbawm%20-%20Age%20Of%20Revolution%201789%20-1848.pdf

Week 2 – 19 January: From 1789 to the Revolutions of 1848

With the participation of Prof. George Comninel (York University)

Required Readings:

George Rudé, The Crowd in the French Revolution, in particular Part III: "The Anatomy of the Revolutionary Crowd", pp. 178-239.

Carl Landauer, European Socialism, Chapter I: "The Three Anticapitalistic Movements", (sections 1-5), Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1959, pp. 21-59.

William Sewell, Work & Revolution in France, Cambridge: CUP, 1980, Chapter 9: "The July Revolution and the Emergence of Class Consciousness", pp. 194-218; and Chapter 11: "The Revolution of 1848", pp. 243-276.

Additional Readings:

Roger Magraw, "Socialism, Syndicalism and French Labour before 1914", in Dick Geary, Labour and Socialist Movements in Europe before 1914, New York: Berg, 1989, pp. 48-100.

George D. H. Cole's, A History of Socialist Thought, Vol. I (The Forerunners 1789-1850) , Chapter I: "The Great French Revolution and the Conspiracy of Gracchus Babeuf", pp. 11-22.

https://libcom.org/library/history-socialist-thought-volume-i-forerunners-1789-1850

Pamela Pilbeam, French Socialists before Marx: Workers, Women, and the Social Question in France . Teddington: Acumen 2000, in particular Chapter 8: "Worker Associations before 1848".

Eric Hazan, A History of the Barricade, London: Verso, 2015.

Week 3 – 26 January: Paris Commune

Required Readings:

Donny Gluckstein, The Paris Commune: A Revolution in Democracy, Chapter 1: "The Commune's Achievements", pp. 1-42.

https://books.google.ie/books?id=fGrR78ZkBJcC&printsec=frontcover&hl=it&source=gbs_ge_summary_r&cad=0#v=onepage&q&f=false

Karl Marx, The Civil War in France, in Marcello Musto (Ed.), Workers Unite! The International 150 Years Later (Chapters 46 and 65).

https://www.bloomsburycollections.com/book/workers-unite-the-international-150-years-later/

Kristin Ross, Communal Luxury: The Political Imaginary of the Paris Commune, London: Verso, 2015.

Additional Materials:

Peter Watkins, La commune (Paris, 1871), France, 345 min.

Part 1: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3KIvQ1nUdIs&ab_channel=Chve

Part 2: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5rI-UFKiOvg&ab_channel=Chve

Prosper Olivier Lissagaray, History of the Paris Commune of 1871 [1876], London: Verso.

https://www.marxists.org/history/france/archive/lissagaray/

Marcello Musto, “Introduction”, in Id. (Ed.), Workers Unite! The International 150 Years Later (Editor), London–New York: Bloomsbury, 2014, pp. 1-68.

https://www.bloomsburycollections.com/book/workers-unite-the-international-150-years-later/

Week 4 – 2 February: The Narodniks and Populism in Russia

Required Readings:

Vera Zasulich - Karl Marx, "Letters on Social Relations in Russia"

https://www.marxists.org/archive/marx/works/1881/zasulich/

Franco Venturi , Roots Of Revolution: A History of the Populist and Socialist Movements in Nineteenth Century Russia , New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1960, in particular chapters 7: "The Peasant Movement", 8: "The Student Movement", 9: "The First Groups", pp. 204-252, Chapter 18: "The Movement 'Go to the People'", pp. 469-506, Chapter 19: "The Working Class Movement", pp. 507-558.

https://ia800304.us.archive.org/33/items/rootsofrevolutio008262mbp/rootsofrevolutio008262mbp.pdf

Andrzey Walichi, The Controversy over Capitalism, Oxford: OUP, 1969.

Additional Readings:

Nikolai Chernyshevsky, What Is to Be Done?, Cornell: Cornell University Press , 1989.

Teodor Shanin (Ed.), Late Marx and the Russian Road, Marx and the ‘peripheries of capitalism’ , New Tork: Monthy Reivew Press, 1983.

Lenin, The Heritage We Renounce

https://www.marxists.org/archive/lenin/works/1897/dec/31c.htm

James H. Billington, Mikhailovsky and Russian populism , Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1958.

Richard Wortman, The crisis of Russian populism , London: CUP, 1967.

Arthur P. Mendel, Dilemmas of progress in tsarist Russia: Legal Marxism and legal Populism , Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1961.

Andrzej Walicki, A History of Russian Thought: From the Enlightenment to Marxism, Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1979.

Week 5 – 9 February: Russian Revolution I: the Soviets

Required Readings:

Maurice Brinton, The Bolsheviks and Workers' Control: The State and Counter-Revolution

https://www.marxists.org/archive/brinton/1970/workers-control/

Rex A. Wade, The Russian Revolution, 1917, Cambridge: CUP, 2005, Chapter 4: "The Aspirations of Russian Society", pp. 88-129, Chapter 5 "The Peasants and the Purpose of Revolution", pp. 129-145.

Lenin, All the Power to the Soviets!

https://www.marxists.org/archive/lenin/works/1917/jul/18.htm

Additional Readings:

Victor Serge, Year One of the Russian Revolution, in particular Chapter 1: "From Serfdom to Proletarian Revolution", Chapter 2: "The Insurrection of 25 October 1917", and Chapter 3: "The Urban Middle Classes against the Proletariat".

https://www.marxists.org/archive/serge/1930/year-one/index.htm

Paul H. Avrich, "The Bolshevik Revolution and Workers' Control in Russian Industry", in Slavic Review, Vol. 22, No. 1 (Mar., 1963), pp. 47-63.

Lenin, State and Revolution (1918)

https://www.marxists.org/archive/lenin/works/1917/staterev/

Sheila Fitzpatrick, The Russian Revolution, 1917-1932, Oxford: OUP, 1984.

John Reed, Ten Days that Shook the World

https://www.marxists.org/archive/reed/1919/10days/10days/index.htm

Tamás Krausz, Reconstructing Lenin, New York: Monthly Review, 2015.

Week 6 – 16 February: Russian Revolution II: Workers' Control or Party-State Rule?

Required Readings:

Lynne Viola (Ed.), Contending with Stalinism: Soviet Power and Popular Resistance in the 1930s , Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2002, pp. 1-108.

Additional Readings:

E. H. Carr, The Bolshevik Revolution (3 voll.), New York: Penguin, 1950.

Ronald Suny, The Soviet Experiment, Oxford: OUP, 2011.

Paul Mattick, Workers’ Control (1967), Section 3.

https://www.marxists.org/archive/mattick-paul/1967/workers-control.htm

Paresh Chattopadhyay, 'The Failure of Twentieth-Century Socialism and Marx’s Continuing Relevance', Socialism and Democracy, Vol. 24, n. 3 (2010), pp. 23-45.

Week 7 – 2 March: Councils Movement

Required Readings:

Pierre Broué, The German Revolution, 1917-1923, London: Merlin Press, 2006, Chapter 1: 1-10, Chapter 7: pp. 89-110, Chapter 8: 129-155.

Gabriel Kuhn (Ed.), All the Power to the Councils: A Documentary History of the German Revolution of 1918-1919 , Oakland: PM Press, 2012, in particular: Ernst Daeumig, "The Council Idea and Its Realization", pp. 51-58.

https://libcom.org/files/Allpower%20to%20the%20councils.pdf

Rosa Luxemburg, The Mass Strike, the Political Party and the Trade Unions (1906) (sections 4 and 6-8).

https://www.marxists.org/archive/luxemburg/1906/mass-strike/

Antonio Gramsci, "The Turin factory council movement" (1921).

https://www.marxists.org/archive/gramsci/1921/03/turin_councils.htm

Additional Readings:

Ralf Hoffrogge, Working-Class Politics in the German Revolution, Leiden: Brill, 2014.

Gwyn A. Williams, Proletarian Order: Antonio Gramsci, Factory Councils and the Origins of Communism in Italy, 1911-1921 , London: PLuto Press, 1975.

Marcel van der Linden, "On Council Communism", in Historical Materialism, vol. 12 (2004), n. 4.

https://www.marxists.org/subject/left-wing/2004/council-communism.htm

Anton Pannekoek, Workers' Councils (1946)

https://www.marxists.org/archive/pannekoe/1947/workers-councils.htm

Rosa Luxemburg, "The Socialisation of Society" (1918).

https://www.marxists.org/archive/luxemburg/1918/12/20.htm

Lelio Basso, Rosa Luxemburg: A Reappraisal, London: Deutsch 1975.

Paul Mattick, Anti-Bolshevik Communism, London: Merlin 1978.

https://www.marxists.org/archive/mattick-paul/1978/introduction.htm

Week 8 – 9 March: Spanish Revolution

Required Readings:

Eddie Conlon, The Spanish Civil War: Anarchism in Action, Workers' Solidarity Movement, 1986 (extracts).

https://libcom.org/history/1936-1939-the-spanish-civil-war-and-revolution

Pierre Broue - Emile Temime, The Revolution and the Civil War in Spain , Chapter 4: "Pronunciamiento and Revolution", pp. 93-120, Chapter 5: "The Revolutionary Gains", pp. 121-149.

Deirdre Hogan, Industrial Collectivisation During the Spanish Revolution

http://struggle.ws/wsm/rbr/rbr7/spain.html

Lose Peirats, The CNT in the Spanish Revolution, Volume 1, Chapter 8: "Spain in flames".

https://libcom.org/files/The%20CNT%20in%20the%20Spanish%20Revoluti%20-%20Jose%20Peirats.pdf

Karl Korsch, Collectivization in Spain (1939)

https://www.marxists.org/archive/korsch/1939/collectivization.htm

Additional Materials:

Ken Loach, Land and Freedom, UK - Spain, 109 min.

https://vimeo.com/17190850

Gaston Leval, Collectives in the Spanish revolution

https://libcom.org/library/collectives-spanish-revolution-gaston-leval

Michael Seidman, Republic of Egos: A Social History of the Spanish Civil War

https://libcom.org/files/Republic_of_Egos.pdf

Lose Peirats, Anarchists In The Spanish Revolution

https://libcom.org/files/Peirats%20J.%20Anarchists%20in%20the%20Spanish%20Revolution.pdf

George Orwell, Homage to Catalonia

Week 9 – 16 March: Chinese Communist Revolution

Required Readings:

TBA

Additional Readings:

Edward Friedman, Backward Toward Revolution, Berkeley: University of California Press, 1974.

Jean Chesneaux, Peasant Revolts in China, 1840-1949, pp. 101-120, 150-166.

Harold R. Isaacs, The Tragedy of the Chinese Revolution (1938).

https://www.marxists.org/history/etol/writers/isaacs/1938/tcr/

Week 10 – 23 March: Anti-colonial Movements: The Case of Algeria

Required Readings:

Alistair Horne, A savage war of peace: Algeria, 1954-1962 , London: Macmillan, 1977, Chapter 9: "The Battle of Algiers", pp. 183-207.

Joan Gillespie, Algeria: Rebellion and Revolution, Westport: Greenwood Press, 1960, Chapter 9: "The Revolutionary Years", pp. 112-179.

Franz Fanon, A Dying Colonialism, New York: Grove Press, 1959.

http://abahlali.org/wp-content/uploads/2011/04/Frantz-Fanon-A-Dying-Colonialism.pdf

Additional Materials:

Gillo Pontecorvo, The Battle of Algiers, Italy - Algeria, 120 min.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=m-lWF100yTM&ab_channel=StephenBoyd

Ernesto Che Guevara, Message to the Tricontinental (1967)

Week 11 – 30 March: Paris 1968: We Want Everything!

Required Readings:

1968: - a chronology of events in France and internationally

https://libcom.org/history/articles/france-1968

Daniel Singer, Prelude to Revolution (1970), Cambridge: South End Press, pp. 115-151.

Vv. Aa., May-June 1968 - A Situation Lacking in Workers' Autonomy

https://libcom.org/library/may-june-1968-absence-workers-autonomy

Additional Materials:

Alain Schnapp - Pierre Vidal-Naquet, The French Student Uprising, November 1967-June 1968: An Analytical Record , Boston: Beacon Press, 1971, in particular pp. 147-240 and 325-372.

Paris 1968 posters

https://libcom.org/gallery/paris-68-posters

Christine Fauré, Mai 68, Paris: Gallimard, 1998.

Michael M. Seidman, The Imaginary Revolution: Parisian Students and Workers in 1968, New York: Berghahn Books, Chap. 1 "Sex, Drugs, and Revolution", pp. 17-52.

https://books.google.ca/books?id=3ZaXdwPyblcC&printsec=frontcover&hl=it&source=gbs_ge_summary_r&cad=0#v=onepage&q&f=false

Obsolete communism: The left wing alternative - Daniel and Gabriel Cohn-Bendit

https://libcom.org/files/Obsolete%20Communism%20-%20The%20left-wing%20alternative%20-%20Daniel%20Cohn-Bendit%20&%20Gabriel%20Cohn-Bendit.pdf

Tom Nairn and Angelo Quattrocchi, The Beginning of the End: France, May 1968, London: Verso.

General Strike: France 1968 - A factory by factory account

https://libcom.org/library/general-strike-france-1968-factory-factory-account

M. Klimke - J. Scharloth (Eds.), 1968 in Europe: A History of Protest and Activism, 1956–1977, London: Palgrave, 2008.

Kristin Ross, May '68 and Its Afterlives, Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

http://angg.twu.net/tmp/ross__may_68_and_its_afterlives.pdf

Tariq Ali - Susan Watkins (Eds), 1968: Marching in the Streets

Margaret Atack, May 68 in French Fiction & Film, Oxford: OUP, 1999.

Week 12 – 6 April: The Personal is Political: Women's Liberation

Required Readings:

Carol Giardina, Freedom for women: forging the Women's Liberation Movement, 1953-1970 , Gainesville, Fla.: University Press of Florida, 2010, in particular Chapter 9: "Making the Women's Liberation Movement", pp. 174-192.

https://www.library.yorku.ca/find/Record/3062725 [Electronic resource]

Another Reading TBA.

Carol Hanisch, "The Personal is Political" (1969)

http://www.carolhanisch.org/CHwritings/PIP.html

Additional Readings:

Judith Evans, Feminist Theory Today: an Introduction to Second-Wave Feminism, Thousand Oaks, Calif.: Sage Publications, 1995.

Robin Morgan (ed.), Sisterhood Is Powerful: An Anthology of Writings from the Women's Liberation Movement.

Shulamith Firestone, The Dialectic of Sex: The Case for Feminist Revolution

Nancy Holmstrom, The Socialist Feminist Project: A Contemporary Reader in Theory and Politics, New York: Monthly Review Press 2002, (in particular: Nancy MacLean, "The Hidden History of Affirmative Action: Working Women’s Struggles in the 1970s and the Gender of Class").

Luce Irigaray, Speculum of the Other Woman [1974] (excerpts); and This Sex Which Is Not One [1977] (Chapter 8 "Women on the Market" and excerpts).

Z. Eisenstein (ed.), Capitalist Patriarchy and the Case for Socialist Feminism, New York: Monthly Review Press 1979.

Stephanie Gilmore (Ed.), Feminist coalitions: historical perspectives on second-wave feminism in the United States , Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2008.

January 2017

York University

Department of Sociology

Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies

GS/SOCI 4220 3.0 (W) - M


Social Movements: Theory and Practice

Winter 2017

Course Syllabus

Course Director: Marcello Musto

Class Time: Tuesday 14:30 - 17:30

Class Location: Ross Bldg. S 102

Office Hours: Tuesday 17:30 - 18:30

Office Location: Ross Bldg. N833A

Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Unit Description


This course deals with the developments of some of the most significant international social movements from the end of Ancien Régime to the fall of Berlin Wall (1789-1989). These include social movements that were formed around the French Revolution, the Revolutions of 1848, the Paris Commune, the birth of Soviet Union, the Chinese Revolution, the anticolonialist movement, and the protests of 1968. These movements will be critically analysed, both in terms of history of ideas and of their major socio-political characteristics.

Course Requirements and Evaluation

Class Participation

30%

Presentation

20%

Final Exam

50%

Class Participation:

This course is taught in weekly seminars lasting 2 hours and 50 minutes. Attendance and informed participation at all class meetings is not only strongly recommended, but required. Students are expected to attend class regularly, complete the assignment readings on time and participate actively in class discussion. Participation will be marked for attendance and quality of participation.

Presentation:

Each class will begin with a student presentation (between 25 and 30 minutes) on the assigned readings. Presenters should provide a 2 page summary (by photocopy) of her/his presentation for other students.

A good presentation is very important to stimulate discussion. Therefore, please avoid just reading from a paper, and try to present ideas and raise questions for the engagement of others. Presentations should:

-give all the pertinent biographical information about the author(s) and the historical context in which the assigned texts were written;

-reconstruct the argument of the author(s), and provide an overview of the assigned readings;

-identify the key questions for discussion, and the controversies implied by the material;

-critically analyze the texts (for example: what are the limitations of the position expressed in the readings?);

-identify anything you found unclear or hard to understand;

-conclude with three discussion questions for the group to consider.

Final Exam :

A final exam will be held on April 6, at the regular class time and place. The exam will last 120 minutes and it will consist of answering to 6 questions (out of 9) drawn from the readings assigned during the course.

The first three questions will be related to French Revolution, Russian Revolution and 1968 Movement, while the last 3 questions (out of 6), to which students will have to respond, will be focused on the other readings (more detailed information about the exam and the kind of questions of the exam will be given during the course).

Note:

Mid-term class participation and presentation (if already done) marks will be available by email or by appointment the week of 16 February.

Schedule of Classes and Readings

Week 1 – 10 January: French Revolution

Recommended Readings:

Eric Hobsbawm, The Age of Revolution 1789-1848, Chapters 1, 2 and maps, pp. 7-52 and 309-320.

https://libcom.org/files/Eric%20Hobsbawm%20-%20Age%20Of%20Revolution%201789%20-1848.pdf

Week 2 – 17 January: From 1789 to the Revolutions of 1848

Required Readings:

George Rudé, The Crowd in the French Revolution, in particular Part III: "The Anatomy of the Revolutionary Crowd", pp. 178-239.

Additional Readings:

Carl Landauer, European Socialism, Chapter I: "The Three Anticapitalistic Movements", (sections 1-5), Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1959, pp. 21-59.

William Sewell, Work & Revolution in France, Cambridge: CUP, 1980, Chapter 9: "The July Revolution and the Emergence of Class Consciousness", pp. 194-218; and Chapter 11: "The Revolution of 1848", pp. 243-276.

Roger Magraw, "Socialism, Syndicalism and French Labour before 1914", in Dick Geary, Labour and Socialist Movements in Europe before 1914, New York: Berg, 1989, pp. 48-100.

George D. H. Cole's, A History of Socialist Thought, Vol. I (The Forerunners 1789-1850) , Chapter I: "The Great French Revolution and the Conspiracy of Gracchus Babeuf", pp. 11-22.

https://libcom.org/library/history-socialist-thought-volume-i-forerunners-1789-1850

Pamela Pilbeam, French Socialists before Marx: Workers, Women, and the Social Question in France . Teddington: Acumen 2000, in particular Chapter 8: "Worker Associations before 1848".

Eric Hazan, A History of the Barricade, London: Verso, 2015.

Week 3 – 24 January: Paris Commune

Required Readings:

Donny Gluckstein, The Paris Commune: A Revolution in Democracy, Chapter 1: "The Commune's Achievements", pp. 1-42.

https://books.google.ie/books?id=fGrR78ZkBJcC&printsec=frontcover&hl=it&source=gbs_ge_summary_r&cad=0#v=onepage&q&f=false

Additional Materials:

Karl Marx, The Civil War in France, in Marcello Musto (Ed.), Workers Unite! The International 150 Years Later (Chapters 46 and 65).

https://www.bloomsburycollections.com/book/workers-unite-the-international-150-years-later/

Kristin Ross, Communal Luxury: The Political Imaginary of the Paris Commune, London: Verso, 2015.

Peter Watkins, La commune (Paris, 1871), France, 345 min.

Part 1: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3KIvQ1nUdIs&ab_channel=Chve

Part 2: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5rI-UFKiOvg&ab_channel=Chve

Prosper Olivier Lissagaray, History of the Paris Commune of 1871 [1876], London: Verso.

https://www.marxists.org/history/france/archive/lissagaray/

Marcello Musto, “Introduction”, in Id. (Ed.), Workers Unite! The International 150 Years Later (Editor), London–New York: Bloomsbury, 2014, pp. 1-68.

https://www.bloomsburycollections.com/book/workers-unite-the-international-150-years-later/

Week 4 – 31 January: The Narodniks and Populism in Russia

Required Readings:

Franco Venturi , Roots Of Revolution: A History of the Populist and Socialist Movements in Nineteenth Century Russia , New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1960 (excerpts TBA).

https://ia800304.us.archive.org/33/items/rootsofrevolutio008262mbp/rootsofrevolutio008262mbp.pdf

Additional Readings:

Vera Zasulich - Karl Marx, "Letters on Social Relations in Russia"

https://www.marxists.org/archive/marx/works/1881/zasulich/

Andrzey Walichi, The Controversy over Capitalism, Oxford: OUP, 1969.

Nikolai Chernyshevsky, What Is to Be Done?, Cornell: Cornell University Press , 1989.

Teodor Shanin (Ed.), Late Marx and the Russian Road, Marx and the ‘peripheries of capitalism’ , New Tork: Monthy Reivew Press, 1983.

Lenin, The Heritage We Renounce

https://www.marxists.org/archive/lenin/works/1897/dec/31c.htm

James H. Billington, Mikhailovsky and Russian populism , Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1958.

Richard Wortman, The crisis of Russian populism , London: CUP, 1967.

Arthur P. Mendel, Dilemmas of progress in tsarist Russia: Legal Marxism and legal Populism , Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1961.

Andrzej Walicki, A History of Russian Thought: From the Enlightenment to Marxism, Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1979.

Week 5 – 7 February: Russian Revolution I: the Soviets

Required Readings:

Rex A. Wade, The Russian Revolution, 1917, Cambridge: CUP, 2005, Chapter 4: "The Aspirations of Russian Society", pp. 88-129.

Additional Readings:

Rex A. Wade, The Russian Revolution, 1917, Cambridge: CUP, 2005, Chapter 5 "The Peasants and the Purpose of Revolution", pp. 129-145.

Victor Serge, Year One of the Russian Revolution, in particular Chapter 1: "From Serfdom to Proletarian Revolution", Chapter 2: "The Insurrection of 25 October 1917", and Chapter 3: "The Urban Middle Classes against the Proletariat".

https://www.marxists.org/archive/serge/1930/year-one/index.htm

Maurice Brinton, The Bolsheviks and Workers' Control: The State and Counter-Revolution

https://www.marxists.org/archive/brinton/1970/workers-control/

Lenin, All the Power to the Soviets!

https://www.marxists.org/archive/lenin/works/1917/jul/18.htm

Lenin, State and Revolution (1918)

https://www.marxists.org/archive/lenin/works/1917/staterev/

Sheila Fitzpatrick, The Russian Revolution, 1917-1932, Oxford: OUP, 1984.

John Reed, Ten Days that Shook the World

https://www.marxists.org/archive/reed/1919/10days/10days/index.htm

Tamás Krausz, Reconstructing Lenin, New York: Monthly Review, 2015.

Week 6 – 14 February: Russian Revolution II: Workers' Control or Party-State Rule?

Required Readings:

Lynne Viola (Ed.), Contending with Stalinism: Soviet Power and Popular Resistance in the 1930s , Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2002, pp. 1-43.

Additional Readings:

E. H. Carr, The Bolshevik Revolution (3 voll.), New York: Penguin, 1950.

Ronald Suny, The Soviet Experiment, Oxford: OUP, 2011.

Paul Mattick, Workers’ Control (1967), Section 3.

https://www.marxists.org/archive/mattick-paul/1967/workers-control.htm

Paresh Chattopadhyay, 'The Failure of Twentieth-Century Socialism and Marx’s Continuing Relevance', Socialism and Democracy, Vol. 24, n. 3 (2010), pp. 23-45.

Week 7 – 28 February: Councils Movement

Required Readings:

Pierre Broué, The German Revolution, 1917-1923, London: Merlin Press, 2006, Chapter 1: 1-10, Chapter 7: pp. 89-110, Chapter 8: 129-155.

Additional Readings:

Gabriel Kuhn (Ed.), All the Power to the Councils: A Documentary History of the German Revolution of 1918-1919 , Oakland: PM Press, 2012, in particular: Ernst Daeumig, "The Council Idea and Its Realization", pp. 51-58.

https://libcom.org/files/Allpower%20to%20the%20councils.pdf

Rosa Luxemburg, The Mass Strike, the Political Party and the Trade Unions (1906) (sections 4 and 6-8).

https://www.marxists.org/archive/luxemburg/1906/mass-strike/

Antonio Gramsci, "The Turin factory council movement" (1921).

https://www.marxists.org/archive/gramsci/1921/03/turin_councils.htm

Ralf Hoffrogge, Working-Class Politics in the German Revolution, Leiden: Brill, 2014.

Gwyn A. Williams, Proletarian Order: Antonio Gramsci, Factory Councils and the Origins of Communism in Italy, 1911-1921 , London: PLuto Press, 1975.

Marcel van der Linden, "On Council Communism", in Historical Materialism, vol. 12 (2004), n. 4.

https://www.marxists.org/subject/left-wing/2004/council-communism.htm

Anton Pannekoek, Workers' Councils (1946)

https://www.marxists.org/archive/pannekoe/1947/workers-councils.htm

Rosa Luxemburg, "The Socialisation of Society" (1918).

https://www.marxists.org/archive/luxemburg/1918/12/20.htm

Lelio Basso, Rosa Luxemburg: A Reappraisal, London: Deutsch 1975.

Paul Mattick, Anti-Bolshevik Communism, London: Merlin 1978.

https://www.marxists.org/archive/mattick-paul/1978/introduction.htm

Week 8 – 7 March: Spanish Revolution

Required Readings:

Eddie Conlon, The Spanish Civil War: Anarchism in Action, Workers' Solidarity Movement, 1986 (extracts).

https://libcom.org/history/1936-1939-the-spanish-civil-war-and-revolution

Deirdre Hogan, Industrial Collectivisation during the Spanish Revolution

http://struggle.ws/wsm/rbr/rbr7/spain.html

Additional Materials:

Ken Loach, Land and Freedom, UK - Spain, 109 min.

https://vimeo.com/17190850

Pierre Broue - Emile Temime, The Revolution and the Civil War in Spain , Chapter 4: "Pronunciamiento and Revolution", pp. 93-120, Chapter 5: "The Revolutionary Gains", pp. 121-149.

Lose Peirats, The CNT in the Spanish Revolution, Volume 1, Chapter 8: "Spain in flames".

https://libcom.org/files/The%20CNT%20in%20the%20Spanish%20Revoluti%20-%20Jose%20Peirats.pdf

Karl Korsch, Collectivization in Spain (1939)

https://www.marxists.org/archive/korsch/1939/collectivization.htm

Gaston Leval, Collectives in the Spanish revolution

https://libcom.org/library/collectives-spanish-revolution-gaston-leval

Michael Seidman, Republic of Egos: A Social History of the Spanish Civil War

https://libcom.org/files/Republic_of_Egos.pdf

Lose Peirats, Anarchists In The Spanish Revolution

https://libcom.org/files/Peirats%20J.%20Anarchists%20in%20the%20Spanish%20Revolution.pdf

George Orwell, Homage to Catalonia

Week 9 – 14 March: Chinese Communist Revolution

Required Readings:

TBA

Additional Readings:

Edward Friedman, Backward Toward Revolution, Berkeley: University of California Press, 1974.

Jean Chesneaux, Peasant Revolts in China, 1840-1949, pp. 101-120, 150-166.

Harold R. Isaacs, The Tragedy of the Chinese Revolution (1938).

https://www.marxists.org/history/etol/writers/isaacs/1938/tcr/

Week 10 – 21 March: Anti-colonial Movements: The Case of Algeria

Required Readings:

Alistair Horne, A savage war of peace: Algeria, 1954-1962 , London: Macmillan, 1977 (extracts TBA).

Additional Materials:

Gillo Pontecorvo, The Battle of Algiers, Italy - Algeria, 120 min.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=m-lWF100yTM&ab_channel=StephenBoyd

Joan Gillespie, Algeria: Rebellion and Revolution, Westport: Greenwood Press, 1960, Chapter 9: "The Revolutionary Years", pp. 112-179.

Franz Fanon, A Dying Colonialism, New York: Grove Press, 1959.

http://abahlali.org/wp-content/uploads/2011/04/Frantz-Fanon-A-Dying-Colonialism.pdf

Ernesto Che Guevara, Message to the Tricontinental (1967)

Week 11 – 28 March: Paris 1968: We Want Everything!

Required Readings:

1968: - a chronology of events in France and internationally

https://libcom.org/history/articles/france-1968

Daniel Singer, Prelude to Revolution (1970), Cambridge: South End Press, pp. 115-151.

Additional Materials:

Alain Schnapp - Pierre Vidal-Naquet, The French Student Uprising, November 1967-June 1968: An Analytical Record , Boston: Beacon Press, 1971, in particular pp. 147-240 and 325-372.

Paris 1968 posters

https://libcom.org/gallery/paris-68-posters

Vv. Aa., May-June 1968 - A Situation Lacking in Workers' Autonomy

https://libcom.org/library/may-june-1968-absence-workers-autonomy

Christine Fauré, Mai 68, Paris: Gallimard, 1998.

Michael M. Seidman, The Imaginary Revolution: Parisian Students and Workers in 1968, New York: Berghahn Books, Chap. 1 "Sex, Drugs, and Revolution", pp. 17-52.

https://books.google.ca/books?id=3ZaXdwPyblcC&printsec=frontcover&hl=it&source=gbs_ge_summary_r&cad=0#v=onepage&q&f=false

Obsolete communism: The left wing alternative - Daniel and Gabriel Cohn-Bendit

https://libcom.org/files/Obsolete%20Communism%20-%20The%20left-wing%20alternative%20-%20Daniel%20Cohn-Bendit%20&%20Gabriel%20Cohn-Bendit.pdf

Tom Nairn and Angelo Quattrocchi, The Beginning of the End: France, May 1968, London: Verso.

General Strike: France 1968 - A factory by factory account

https://libcom.org/library/general-strike-france-1968-factory-factory-account

M. Klimke - J. Scharloth (Eds.), 1968 in Europe: A History of Protest and Activism, 1956–1977, London: Palgrave, 2008.

Kristin Ross, May '68 and Its Afterlives, Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

http://angg.twu.net/tmp/ross__may_68_and_its_afterlives.pdf

Tariq Ali - Susan Watkins (Eds), 1968: Marching in the Streets

Margaret Atack, May 68 in French Fiction & Film, Oxford: OUP, 1999.

Week 12 – 4 April: Final Exam

January 2017

York University

Department of Sociology

Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies

AP/SOCI 2040 6.0 A (Y) - Section B

Sociological Theory

Fall 2015 - Winter 2016

Course Director: Marcello Musto

Class Time: Tuesday 14:30 - 16:30

Class Location: TEL 0014

Office Location: 134 Founders College

Office Hours: Thursday 17:30 - 18:30

Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Teaching Assistants: Rana Sukarieh - Behzad Mohammadi

Course Syllabus


This course deals with the development of sociological theory from the major foundational thinkers of the 19th and early 20 th century, through recent approaches informed by a variety of critical perspectives. Much of classical sociological theory was focussed upon growing awareness of society, as such, being the subject of profound change. Central questions addressed by its main authors were “What is the nature of the society emerging in (and from) 19th century Europe?” and “What is its significance with respect to the development of humanity?” Difference of opinion and profound debate have been characteristic of sociological theory, and have widely been recognized as contributing to its development. Since the last decades of the 20 th century, the enduring debates have been compounded, without being entirely superseded, by new critical approaches that have sought new insights not only into the nature of society and social change, but of the ways in which knowledge in, and of, society are constructed.

The first part of the course will focus on the principal authors, texts and debates of the classical era of sociology. A wide range of thinkers helped establish the context for, built upon the insights of, filled the gaps between, and discerned alternatives to, the often conflicting ideas of the recognized giants of classical social theory (among others Karl Marx, Émile Durkheim and Max Weber).

The second part of the course will focus on the contributions and controversies that have followed from broad recognition of sociology as a distinct intellectual discipline, coupled with recurrent efforts to shed light on its most basic theoretical underpinnings. These additions to the corpus of sociological theory have extended its critical range, and multiplied its analytical power and complexity.

A primary goal of this course is to illuminate the role of critical analysis in the expansion and deepening of social knowledge, insisting upon the need for every person to become informed by confronting ideas in debate, and then to arrive at a personal position through a critical evaluation of alternatives.

Course Requirements

Class and Tutorial Participation:

This course is taught in 24 weekly lectures - lasting 1 hour and 50 minutes - and tutorials lasting 50 minutes. Participation will be marked on the basis of a combination of attendance to lectures and tutorials.

Class participation: attendance and informed participation at all class meetings is not only strongly recommended, but required. Students are expected to attend class regularly, complete the assigned readings on time, and participate actively.

Tutorial participation: students are required to come prepared to tutorials, with a one page abstract (around 500 words) about the readings, which may include reflections on the main concepts included in the texts, questions about them, problems encountered with the readings (terminology, historical context, etc.), critical comparison with contemporary issues, etc. The Teaching Assistants will lead the discussion among the students and will also respond to their questions.

Please note that food and the use of cell phone in classroom will not be allowed.

Midterm Exams:

Two midterm exams will be held on October 27, 2015 and on February 23, 2016, at the regular class time and place. The exam will last 90 minutes and it will consist of answering to 3 questions drawn from the readings assigned until that date. At the fall mid-term exam students will be required to respond to questions concerning the readings from week 1 to week 6, while at the winter mid-term exam students will have to respond to questions related to the readings of the period lasting weeks 8 to week 18.

Midterm marks will be available by email (please contact your Teaching Assistant) before November 7, 2014, for the Fall term, and February 6, 2015, for the Winter term.

Final Paper :

The final paper will be divided in two parts: 1) Abstract of the Readings; and 2) Final Essay.

Abstract of the Readings: students should deliver 3 abstracts (of about 500 words each - total of 1.500 words) of the readings from week 20 to week 24.

Final Essay: approximately 3.000 - 3.500 words, including footnotes and a final bibliography (roughly 10 pages double-spaced in 12 pt. 'Times New Roman' font). This essay has to be clearly structured (divided into at least 3 sections), and written with rigorous reference to supporting evidence; generally, 1-2 references to books or articles per page is a good rule of thumb. These sources may include assigned readings, but there must also be evidence of further research.

Students are free to propose their own final paper topic, but it has to be related to the authors and/or the writings read during the course (papers on the the sociological theory as a whole of one or more authors, or offering comparison among different sociological conceptions, are the most welcome). Students are encouraged to discuss the topic of the final essay with the Teaching Assistants.

Access to Course Readings:

Many of the required readings are classical of sociological thought and are, therefore, available on-line (more information will be given in class).

Eric J. Hobsbawm, The Age of Revolution 1789-1848, (Mentor 1962) is also available for free at: https://libcom.org/files/Eric%20Hobsbawm%20-%20Age%20Of%20Revolution%201789%20-1848.pdf

All required and additional readings indicated in the syllabus are on two hours reserve at Scott library. The following textbooks, which you may find useful to consult during the year, have been also placed on reserve at Scott library:

Applerouth, Scott A., and Laura Desfor Edles, Classical and Contemporary Sociological Theory: Text and Readings, Thousand Oaks: Pine Forge Press, 2012.

Dillon, Michelle, Introduction to Sociological Theory: Theorists, Concepts, and their Applicability to the Twenty-First Century, Malden: Wiley-Blackwell, 2009.

Farganis, James, Readings in Social Theory: The Classical Tradition to Post-Modernism, Boston: McGraw-Hill, 2013.

Kivisto, Peter, Social Theory: Roots and Branches. 5 th ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2012.

Ritzer, George, and Jeff Stepnisky, Sociological Theory. 9 th ed. Boston: McGraw-Hill, 2013.

Zeitlin, Irving M., Ideology and the Development of Sociological Theory. 7th ed. Upper Saddle River: Prentice-Hall, 2000.

Course Evaluation

Class and Tutorial Participation

30%

First Midterm Exam (Fall)

20%

Second Midterm Exam (Winter)

20%

Final Paper

30%

Schedule of Classes and Readings

Part I: Classics

Week 1 – 15 Sept: Introduction and Overview

Required Readings:

Eric Hobsbawm, The Age of Revolution 1789-1848, Chap. 1, 2 and maps, pp. 7-52 and 363-374.

Week 2 – 22 Sept: Positivism and the Birth of Sociology

Required Readings:

Auguste Comte, A general View of Positivism [1848] (excertps)

Additional Readings:

Mary Pickering, Auguste Comte: An Intellectual Biography (Vol. 1), Cambridge University Press, 1993.

Week 3 – 29 Sept: Saint-Simonism

Required Readings:

Claude de Saint-Simon, The Organizer [1819], Industrial System [1821] and On Social Organization [1825]

Excerpts taken from the following volumes:

Saint-Simon, Henri. Henri Saint-Simon (1760-1825): Selected writings on science, industry, and social organization. Croom Helm. 1975.

Comte de saint-Simon (ed. Markham), Henri Comte de Saint-Simon 1760-1825 Selected Writings. Blackwell Oxford, 1952.

Additional Readings:

Ghita Ionescu, Introduction, in Id. (ed.), The Political Thought of Saint-Simon, Cambridge University Press 1976.

OK Week 4 – 6 Oct: Liberalism

Required Readings:

Jeremy Bentham,Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation, Chapter I: “Of the Principle of Utility” and Chapter III: “Of the Four Sanctions or Sources of Pain and Pleasure”.

John Stuart Mill, Principles Of Political Economy, Book II, chapter I: "On Property".

Additional Readings:

Stefan Collini, Liberalism and Sociology, Cambridge University Press, 1979.

OK Week 5 – 13 Oct: Tocqueville

Required Readings:

Alexis de Tocqueville, Democracy in America [1835 - 1840] (excerpts).

Additional Readings:

Cheryl Welch, De Tocqueville, Oxford University Press, 2001.

Week 6 – 20 Oct: Anti-capitalism

Required Readings:

Karl Marx, excerpts from the Manifesto of theCommust Party [1848], the Grundrisse [1857-58] and Capital, vol. I [1867].

Additional Readings:

Maximilien Rubel – Margaret Manale, Marx Without Myth: A Chronological Study of his Life and Work, Harper & Row, 1975.

Week 7 – 27 Oct: First Mid-Term Exam

Week 8 – 3 Nov: Social Darwinism

Required Readings:

Herbert Spencer, The Man versus the State [1884] (excertps)

Additional Readings:

John Offer (ed.), Herbert Spencer: Critical Assessments (4 voll.), Routledge, 2000.

Week 9 – 10 Nov: Durkheim

Required Readings:

Emile Durkheim, excerpts from The Division of Labour in Society [1893] and other minor writings.

Excerpts taken from the following edition:

Emile Durkheim, Selected Writings, (ed. by Giddens).

Additional Readings:

Anthony Giddens, Durkheim, ‪Harvester, 1978.

Week 10 – 17 Nov: Veblen’s Institutionalism

Required Readings:

Thorstein Veblen, Theory of the Leisure Class [1899] (excerpts)

Additional Readings:

Stephen Edgell, Veblen in Perspective: His Life and Thought, M.E. Sharpe, 2001.

Week 11 – 24 Nov: Weber
 

Required Readings:

Max Weber, The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism [1904-05] (excerpts)

Additional Readings:

Joachim Radkau, Max Weber: a Biography, Polity, 2009.

Week 12 – 1 Dec: Social Interactionism

Required Readings:

Georg Simmel, excerpts from The Philosophy of Money [1907] and Sociology [1908].

Excerpts taken from the following volume:

Georg Simmel (ed. by Levine), On Individuality and Social Forms, University of Chicago Press, 1971.

Additional Readings:

Norman Levine, Introduction, in Id. (ed.), Georg Simmel, On Individuality and Social Forms, University of Chicago Press, 1971.

Part II: Contemporary Developments

Week 13 – 5 Jan: Elite Theory

Required Readings:

Vilfredo Pareto, The Mind and Society [1916] (excerpts from volume IV: ‘The General Form of Society’).

Additional Readings:

Raymond Aron, Main Currents in Sociological Thought: Durkheim, Pareto, Weber – Vol. 2 , Basic Books 1967.

Week 14 – 12 Jan: Cultural Hegemony

Required Readings:

Antonio Gramsci, Prison Notebooks [1929-35] (excerpts)

Additional Readings:

Joseph Buttigieg, Introduction, in Id. (ed.), Antonio Gramsci, Prison Notebooks, Columbia University Press, 1992.

Week 15 – 19 Jan: Symbolic Interactionism

Required Readings:

George Herbert Mead, Mind, Self and Society [1934] (excerpts from chapter IV ‘Society’)

Additional Readings:

Mitchell Aboulafia (ed.), Philosophy, Social Theory, and the Thought of George Herbert Mead, SUNY, 1991.

Week 16 – 26 Jan: Action Theory

Required Readings:

Talcott Parsons, The Structure of Social Action [1937] (Excerpts from Part I ‘The Positivistic Theory of Action’ and Part IV ‘Conclusion’)

Additional Readings:

Hamilton Peter, Talcott Parsons, Horwood, 1983.

Week 17 – 2 Feb: The Sociological Imagination

Required Readings:

Charles Wright Mills, White Collar [1951] (excerpts)

Additional Readings:

John Eldridge, C. Wright Mills, Horwood, 1983.

Week 18 – 9 Feb: The Frankfurt School

Required Readings:

Selections of writings from Max Horkheimer, Theodor W. Adorno and other authors (TBA).

Excerpts taken from the following volume:

Andrew Arato, and Eike Gebhardt (Eds.), The Essential Frankfurt School Reader, Continuum, 1982.

Additional Readings

Jay Bernstein (Ed.), The Frankfurt School: Critical Assessments (6 voll.), Routledge, 1994.

Week 19 – 23 Feb: Second Mid-Term Exam

Week 20 – 1 Mar: Black Reconstruction

Required Readings:

William Edward Burghardt Du Bois, excerpts (TBA) from various writings [1935 and others].

Malcolm X, excerpts from The Last Speeches and other writings.

Additional Readings:

David Levering Lewis, W. E. B. Du Bois: The Fight for Equality and the American Century 1919–1963 , Owl Books 2001

Manning Marable, Malcolm X: A Life of Reinvention , Penguin 2011.

Week 21 – 8 Mar: Feminist Critique

Required Readings:

Simone de Beauvoir, The Second Sex [1949] (excerpts)

Additional Readings:

D. Bair, Introduction to Simone de Beauvoir, The Second Sex, Vintage, 1989.

Week 22 – 15 Mar: Biopolitics

Required Readings:

Michel Foucault, The Birth of Biopolitics [1978–1979] (excerpts)

Additional Readings:

Gary Gutting, Foucault: A Very Short Introduction, Oxford 2005.

Week 23 – 22 Mar: Subalternity and Post-colonialism

Required Readings:

Franz Fanon, excerpts from The Wretched of the Earth [1961]

Edward W. Said, Orientalism [1978] (Introduction)

Additional Readings:

Conor McCarthy, The Cambridge Introduction to Edward Said, Cambridge University Press, 2010.

Week 24 – 29 Mar: The Critique of the Spectacle and Consumer Society

Required Readings:

Guy Debord, The Society of the Spectacle [1967] (chapters 1-53).

Jean Baudrillard, The Consumer Society [1974] (Part I: chapters I-III; Part II: chapter I; Part III: Conclusion) and other writings (TBA).

Additional Readings:

Anselm Jappe, Guy Debord, University of California Press, 1999.

Douglas Kellner, Jean Baudrillard: From Marxism to Postmodernism and Beyond, Stanford University Press, 1989.

September 2016

York University

Department of Sociology

Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies

GS/SOCI 6190 3.0 (W) - M

Selected Topics in

Classical and Contemporary Theory

Winter 2016

Course Syllabus

Course Director: Marcello Musto

Class Time: Thursday 11:30 - 14:30

Class Location: Itinerant

Office Location: Ross Bldg. N833A

Office Hours: Tuesday 17:00 - 18:00 (or by appointment)

Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Unit Description



This course deals with the development of sociological theory in the major foundational thinkers of the 19th and early 20th century. Much of classical sociological theory was focussed upon growing awareness of society, as such, being the subject of profound change. Central questions addressed by its main authors were “What is the nature of the society emerging in 19th century Europe?” and “What is its significance with respect to the development of humanity?” Differences of opinion and profound debate have been characteristic of sociological theory, and have widely been recognized as contributing to its development.

Course Requirements

Class Participation:

This course is taught in weekly seminars. Attendance is strongly recommended and students are expected to participate actively in class discussion.

Presentation:

Classes will begin with a student presentation of 30 to 40 minutes. If possible, avoid just reading a paper aloud and try get your colleagues involved.

Each student has to meet with the course director the week before her/his presentation (or two weeks before, if necessary). During the conversation with the course director you will agree upon the main points of the presentation, therefore please come prepared to the meeting, with at least a list of main topics you would like to cover.

Presentations will be an essential part of our seminar. You will orientate the discussion toward them and will provide to your colleagues more extended insights concerning the author(s) and the theories of the week. That will be possible on the basis of the additional readings already indicated in the syllabus and/or of further texts that will be suggested by the course director.

In your presentation, you should avoid devoting too much time to the assigned readings. You will only highlight their main points (in 5 to 10 min.) and pose some open questions (at least 3/4) for the debate - to which you will respond in the end, expressing your own point of view.

The most important part of the presentation (10 to 15 min.) should be dedicated to an exposition of the vision of society conceived by the author you are presenting, and in particular her/his conception of its economic, political and social organization.

The other main issues on which to concentrate on are: the socio-historical context in which the author(s) developed her/his ideas (5 min.), her/his intellectual biography (5 min.), philological information about the writings we have been reading (2 min), and, finally, the subsequent reception and dissemination of her/his ideas (5 min.).

In the second part of each class there will also be a 10 minutes contribution from a discussant. She/he should call the attention of other students to a few particular aspects of the work of the author in question, e.g., a particular concept, the reception of her/his work in a specific country, period or school of thought, etc.

The presenter and the discussant should cooperate before class, in order to avoid overlapping with the questions they will pose and with the problematics through which they will stimulate discussion.

Final Paper Proposal:

Students are free to propose their own final paper topic, but it must be related to one or more authors, as well as key issues, discussed during the seminar. The final paper proposal should be 3-4 pages (1.500 to 2.000 words) and include the following information:

- indication of the tentative title and of the sections in which the writing will be divided;

- preliminary outline of the text;

- 5 keywords concerning the themes and the concepts to be addressed;

- a bibliography of at least 10 sources consulted;

Final paper proposals will be due, in hard copy and by email, on March 3.

Please note that you cannot write the final paper on the same author(s) you have done your presentation. Exceptions are possible, but must be discussed in advance.

Final Paper:

The Final Paper, approved through the Final Paper Proposal, will be due in hard copy and by email no later than May 9. It should:

- be a maximum of 6.000 words, including notes and final references;

- be clearly structured and divided into at least 3 or 4 sections;

- have references from hard copy books, with the indication of page numbers (no references from the internet).

Course Evaluation

Class Participation

20%

Presentation

20%

Final Paper Proposal

10%

Final Paper

50%

Schedule of Classes and Readings

Week 1 – 7 January: Industrialism, Positivism and the Birth of Sociology

Required Readings:

Eric Hobsbawm, The Age of Revolution 1789-1848, Chapters 1, 2 and maps, pp. 7-52 and 363-374.

https://libcom.org/files/Eric%20Hobsbawm%20-%20Age%20Of%20Revolution%201789%20-1848.pdf

George D. H. Cole's, A History of Socialist Thought, Vol. I (The Forerunners 1789-1850) , London: Macmillan & Co. 1953, Chapter IV: "Saint-Simon", pp. 37-50.

https://libcom.org/files/A%20History%20of%20Socialist%20Thought%20Volume%201.pdf

Claude de Saint-Simon, The Organizer [1819]; Industrial System [1821]; and On Social Organization [1825] (excerpts)

https://www.docdroid.net/jLwZfPK/saint-simon.pdf.html

Michel Bourdeau, "Auguste Comte", in Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy:

http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/comte/

Auguste Comte, System of Positive Polity [1851-4], vol. I, chap. III: "Action of Positivism upon Working Classes", pp. 101-163 (in particular 101-135); vol. II, chap. V: " The Positive theory of the Social Organism", pp. 221-275 (in particular 221-227 and 242-253); and vol. I: "Letter on Social Commemoration, Philosophically Considered, Composed for Madame Clotilde de Vaux on the Occasion of her Birthday", pp. 613-618.

https://www.docdroid.net/d2a58W3/comte-1-vol-1-chap-iii.pdf.html

https://www.docdroid.net/GtKQ1JO/comte-2-vol-2-chap-v.pdf.html

http://solomon.soth.alexanderstreet.com/cgi-bin/asp/philo/soth/getdoc.pl?S10019067-D000012.002

Additional Readings:

Pierre Ansart, Saint-Simon , Paris: Presses Universitaires de France 1969.

Pierre Ansart, Sociologie de Saint-Simon , Paris: Presses Universitaires de France 1970.

George Iggers, "Elements of a Sociology of Ideas in the Saint-Simonian Philosophy of History", in Sociological Quarterly, vol. 1 (1960).

Mary Pickering, Auguste Comte: An Intellectual Biography, 3 voll., Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 1993-2009.

Week 2 – 14 January: Utopian Sociology

Required Readings:

Gregory Claeys, “Non-Marxian Socialism 1815-1914", in Gareth Stedman Jones - Gregory Claeys, The Cambridge History of Nineteenth-Century Political History, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 1979, Chapter 16, sections 1-5, pp. 521-542.

Gregory Claeys, “Socialism and Utopia”, in Roland Schaer, Gregory Claeys, and Lyman Tower Sargent (eds), Utopia : The Search for the Ideal Society in the Western World, New York: The New York Public Library - Oxford University Press 2000, pp. 206–40.

George D. H. Cole's, A History of Socialist Thought, Vol. I (The Forerunners 1789-1850) , Chapter VI: 'Fourier and Fourierism', pp. 62-74.

Charles Fourier, Theory of the Four Movements [1808];The New Industrial Wolrd [1830]; and The Phalanx [posthumous 1841-45]; and other minor writings (excerpts).

Leslie Goldstein, "Early Feminist Themes in French Utopian Socialism: The Saint-Simonian and Fourier", in Journal of the History of Ideas, vol. 35 (1974).

Additional Readings:

Carl Landauer, European Socialism, Chapter I: "The Three Anticapitalistic Movement", (sections 1-5), Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1959, pp. 21-59.

Barbara Goodwin, Social Science and Utopia: Nineteenth-Century Models of Social Harmony , Hassockes: Harvester Press 1978.

Jonathan Beecher, Charles Fourier: the Visionary and His World, Berkeley: University of California Press 1986.

N. V. Riasanovsky, The Teaching of Charles Fourier, Berkeley: University of California Press, 1969.

Pamela Pilbeam, French Socialists before Marx: Workers, Women, and the Social Question in France . Teddington: Acumen 2000.

Week 3 – 21 January: Liberalism

Required Readings:

Selection of texts from the writings of Adam Smith, John Stuart Mill, and others (TBA).

Additional Readings:

TBA

Week 4 – 28 January: Anti-capitalism (Politics)

Required Readings:

Eric Hobsbawm, How to Change the World: Tales of Marx and Marxism, Chapter 2: "Marx, Engels and Pre-Marxian Socialism", London/New York: Little, Brown 2010.

Karl Marx, Economic and Philosophical Manuscripts of 1844 [1844], Manifesto of the Commust Party [1848] (section III), "Wage Labour and Capital" [1849], and other minor writings, pp. 83-121, 262-70, 273-96, 362-69.

https://wiki.zirve.edu.tr/sandbox/groups/economicsandadministrativesciences/wiki/ad713/attachments/1a247/Karl_Marx__Selected_Writings.pdf?sessionID=8940d4002f706e131a7b4041f136555e3b9837d4

Karl Marx, Resolutions of the International Working Men's Association (Nr. 2, 7, 12, 34, 44, 46, 65, 68, 71, 72, 74 and 75) [1864-72]; and other writings (excerpts).

https://www.bloomsburycollections.com/book/workers-unite-the-international-150-years-later/

Additional Readings:

Maximilien Rubel – Margaret Manale, Marx Without Myth: A Chronological Study of his Life and Work, New York: Harper & Row, 1975.

Joseph O'Malley and Keith Algozin (eds), Rubel on Karl Marx: Five Essays, Cambridge/New York: Cambridge University Press, 1981.

Marcello Musto, “Introduction”, in Id. (Ed.), Workers Unite! The International 150 Years Later (Editor), London–New York: Bloomsbury, 2014, pp. 1-68.

John Bellamy Foster, Marx's Ecology, New York: Monthly Review Press 2000.

Week 5 – 4 February: Anti-capitalism (Political Economy)

Required Readings:

Karl Marx, Grundrisse [1857-58]; Capital, vol. I [1867] (sections 3, 6, 10-13); "Results of the Immediate Process of Production"; "On Bakunin's Sattism and Anarchy", Critique of the Gotha Programme, and other writings (excerpts), pp. 373-430, 452-525 (but only the sections indicated above), 547-561, 606-28.

Additional Readings:

Paresh Chattopadhyay, 'The Failure of Twentieth-Century Socialism and Marx’s Continuing Relevance', Socialism and Democracy, Vol. 24, n. 3 (2010), pp. 23-45.

Paresh Chattopadhyay, 'Passage to Socialism: The Dialectic of Progress in Marx', Historical Materialism, Vol. 14, n.3 (2006), pp. 45-84.

Roman Rosdolsky, The Making of Marx’s Capital, London: Pluto 1977 (Chapters XXVIII and XXIX).

Michael Lebowitz, Beyond Capital, Basingstoke: Palgrave 2003, pp. 27-50

Kevin Anderson, Marx at the Margins, Chicago: University of Chicago Press 2010.

Bertell Ollman (et al.), Market Socialism: The Debate Among Socialist, London: Routledge 1998.

Week 6 – 11 February: Structural functionalism

Required Readings:

Emile Durkheim, Socialism and Saint-Simon [posthumous 1928], Chapters 1, 2, 7-9, 10 and 12; Lectures on Sociology, and the "Preface" to the second edition of The Division of Labour in Society.

http://14.139.206.50:8080/jspui/bitstream/1/1966/1/Durkheim,%20Emile%20-%20Socialism%20and%20Saint%20Simon.pdf

http://14.139.206.50:8080/jspui/bitstream/1/1970/1/Durkheim,%20Emile%20-%20The%20Division%20of%20Labour%20in%20Society.pdf

Additional Readings:

Steven Lukes, Émile Durkheim: His Life and Works. Middlesex: Penguin Books, 1973.

Marcel Fournier, Emile Durkheim 1858-1917. Paris: Fayard, 2007.

Stephen Turner (ed.), Emile Durkheim: Sociologist and Moralist, New York: Rutledge, 1993.

Susan Stedman-Jones, Durkheim Reconsidered, Cambridge: Polity Press, 2001.

Kenneth Thompson, Emile Durkheim. London: Routledge, 1982.

Anthony Giddens, Durkheim, ‪London: Harvester, 1978.

Warren Schmaus, Rethinking Durkheim and his Tradition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007.

Week 7 – 3 March: Anarchism

Required Readings:

Peter Kropotkin, Anarchism [1910]; and The Conquest of Bread [1892].

http://dwardmac.pitzer.edu/Anarchist_Archives/kropotkin/britanniaanarchy.html

http://dwardmac.pitzer.edu/Anarchist_Archives/kropotkin/conquest/toc.html

Additional Readings:

George Woodcock - Ivan Avakumovic, The Anarchist Prince: A Biographical Study of Peter Kropotkin, London/New York: Boardman & Co 1950.

Caroline Cahm, Kropotkin and the Rise of Revolutionary Anarchism 1872–1886, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 1989.

https://libcom.org/files/cahm-kropotkin_and_the_rise_of_revolutionary_anarchism_1872-1886.pdf

Brian Morris, Kropotkin: The Politics of Community, Amherst: Humanity Books 2004.

Week 8 – 10 March: On the Other Side of the Atlantic: Critical Sociology in the USA

Required Readings:

Alexis de Tocqueville, Democracy in America [1835 - 1840] (excerpts).

Thorstein Veblen, Theory of the Leisure Class [1899] (excerpts).

Charles Wright Mills, White Collar [1951] (excerpts).

Additional Readings:

Cheryl Welch, De Tocqueville, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001.

Stephen Edgell, Veblen in Perspective: His Life and Thought, New York: M.E. Sharpe, 2001.

John Eldridge, C. Wright Mills, London: Horwood, 1983.

Week 9 – 17 March: Rational Capitalism

Required Readings:

Max Weber, Economy and Society [posthumous 1922] (excerpts) and "Socialism" [1918], in Peter Lassman - Ronald Speirs (eds), Max Weber: Political Writings, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994.

Additional Readings:

Joachim Radkau, Max Weber: a Biography, London: Polity, 2009.

Charles Camic, Philip Gorski and David Trubek (eds.), Max Weber’s Economy and Society: A Critical Companion, Stanford University Press 2005.

Collins, Randall, “Weber and the Sociology of Revolution”, Journal of Classical Sociology, vol. 1 (2001), No. 2, pp. 171-194.

Bryan S. Turner, Max Weber: From History to Modernity, London: Routledge 1993.

Reinhard Bendix, Max Weber: An Intellectual Portrait, Berkeley: University of California Press 1978.

Week 10 – 24 March: Heterodox Communisms

Required Readings:

Marcel van der Linden, "On Council Communism", in Historical Materialism, vol. 12 (2004), n. 4.

https://libcom.org/files/Council%20communism.pdf

Rosa Luxemburg, Reform or Revolution [1900] (sections 3-5 and 7-9); The Mass Strike, the Political Party and the Trade Unions [1906] (sections 4 and 6-8); "The Socialisation of Society" [1918].

https://www.marxists.org/archive/luxemburg/1900/reform-revolution/index.htm

https://www.marxists.org/archive/luxemburg/1906/mass-strike/index.htm

https://www.marxists.org/archive/luxemburg/1918/12/20.htm

Karl Korsch, "What is Socialization?" [1919].

https://pages.gseis.ucla.edu/faculty/kellner/Korsch.pdf

Antonio Gramsci, Prison Notebooks [1929-35] and other minor writings (excerpts).

Anton Pannekoek, Workers' Councils [1946], Chapters I and 2.

https://libcom.org/library/workers-councils-1-pannekoek

https://libcom.org/library/workers-councils-2-pannekoek

Additional Readings:

Lelio Basso, Rosa Luxemburg: A Reappraisal, London: Deutsch 1975.

Paul Mattick, Anti-Bolshevik Communism, London: Merlin 1978.

[and also by the same author on Karl Korsch: https://www.marxists.org/archive/mattick-paul/1964/korsch.htm and https://www.marxists.org/archive/mattick-paul/1962/korsch.htm]

Marcel van der Linden, Western Marxism and the Soviet Union, Leiden: Brill 2007.

https://libcom.org/files/van_der_linden_western_marxism_and_soviet_union.pdf

Antonio Santucci, Antonio Gramsci, New York: Monthly Review Press 2010.

Week 11 – 31 March: The Frankfurt School

Required Readings:

Selections from the writings of Walter Benjamin, Max Horkheimer, Theodor W. Adorno and other authors (TBA).

Additional Readings

Jay Bernstein (Ed.), The Frankfurt School: Critical Assessments, 6 voll., London: Routledge, 1994.

Week 12 – 7 April: Feminism

Required Readings:

Simone de Beauvoir, The Second Sex [1949] (excerpts).

Luce Irigaray, Speculum of the Other Woman [1974] (excerpts); and This Sex Which Is Not One [1977] (Chapter 8 "Women on the Market" and excerpts).

Additional Readings:

Nancy Holmstrom, The Socialist Feminist Project: A Contemporary Reader in Theory and Politics, New York: Monthly Review Press 2002.

Rosemary Hennessy - Chris Ingraham, Materialist Feminism: A Reader in Class, Difference, and Women's Lives, New York: Routledge 1997.

D. Bair, Introduction to Simone de Beauvoir, The Second Sex, Vintage, 1989.

Z. Eisenstein (ed.), Capitalist Patriarchy and the Case for Socialist Feminism, New York: Monthly Review Press 1979.

January 2016

AP/SOCI 4670 3.00 B (W) N

The Social Self


Winter 2015

Course Director: Dr. Marcello Musto

Class Time: Wednesday 19:00 – 22.00

Class Location: ACE 010

Office Location: N833A Ross Building
Office Hours: Thursday 12:00-13:00 and by appointment

Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Phone: 416 – 736 2100 - Ext. 22558

Course Syllabus


The course will centre on the analysis of some of the most important modern and contemporary perceptions of the social self in Western societies, starting from 1492 and the discovery of the “other” in the Americas. The selection of readings focuses on the examination of the characteristics and distinguishing features of the varied conceptions of social self articulated – among others – by liberalism, Marx, Freud and by the advocates of nationalism.

Special attention will be dedicated to the XXth century. With the “revolutions” of psychoanalysis, the feminist critique, the liberation movements of 1968, and after the huge impacts produced by mass media and technological inventions - which followed World War II -, the idea of social self changed dramatically. Therefore, on the basis of some well known essays of mainstream North-American sociology, of classics of the “new Left” - such as Marcuse and Debord -, and of the work of Baudrillard, in the second part of the course there will be a critical analysis of the differences produced in human sciences with respect to the “self”.

Course Requirements and Evaluation

Class Participation

30%

Presentation

20%

Final Exam

50%

Class Participation:

This course is taught in weekly seminars lasting 2 hours and 50 minutes. Attendance and informed participation at all class meetings is not only strongly recommended, but required. Students are expected to attend class regularly, complete the assignment readings on time and participate actively in class discussion. Participation will be marked for attendance and quality of participation.

Presentation:

Each class will begin with a student presentation (not exceeding 30 minutes) on the assigned readings. Presenters should provide a 2 page summary (by photocopy) of her/his presentation for other students.

A good presentation is very important to stimulate discussion. Therefore, please avoid just reading from a paper, and try to present ideas and raise questions for the engagement of others. Presentations should:

- give all the pertinent biographical information about the author(s) and the historical context in which the assigned texts were written;

- reconstruct the argument of the author(s), and provide an overview of the assigned readings;

- identify the key questions for discussion, and the controversies implied by the material;

- critically analyze the texts (for example: what are the limitations of the position expressed in the readings?);

- Identify anything you found unclear or hard to understand;

- conclude with three discussion questions for the group to consider.

Final Exam :

A final exam will be held on April 1st, at the regular class time and place. The exam will last 120 minutes and it will consist of answering to 6 questions (out of 9) drawn from the readings assigned during the course.

The first three questions will be related to Karl Marx, Sigmund Freud and Simone de Beauvoir, while the last 3 questions (out of 6), to which students will have to respond, will be focused on the other readings (more detailed information about the exam and the kind of questions of the exam will be given during the course).

Access to Readings:

The title Workers Unite! The International 150 Years Later, edited by Marcello Musto. London: Bloomsbury (2014) has been ordered at York Bookstore. Excerpts from Simone de Beauvoir’s The Second Sex will be distributed during the course, while the books: Giora Shoham (ed.) Alienation and Anomie Revisited, Herbet Marcuse, Eros and Civilization and Jean Baudrillard, The Consumer Society are on reserve at Scott library. All the others required readings are available on-line.

Note:

Mid-term class participation and presentation (if already done) marks will be available by email or by appointment the week of 10 February.

Schedule of Classes and Readings

Jan 7 Introduction and Overview

Jan 14 The “Self” after 1492

Tzvetan Todorov, The Conquest of America: The Question of the Other [1982] (From chap. I: “The Discovery of America”, “Columbus and the Indians” [pp. 3-42]; and “Epilogue”)

http://books.google.ca/books?id=LrcX-UKNdBEC&printsec=frontcover#v=onepage&q&f=false

Jan 21 The Bourgeois Myth of Robinson Crusoe

Daniel Defoe, The Life and Adventures of Robinson Crusoe [1808]

http://www.gutenberg.org/ebooks/12623

Ian Watt, “Robinson Crusoe as a Myth,Essays in Criticism, vol. I (1951), n. 2, pp. 95-119

Jan 28 Labour Movement and the Marxian Critique

Marcello Musto (ed.), Workers Unite! The International 150 Years Later, New York/London: Bloomsbury, 2014, (10 documents by choice among those included in parts 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8 and 9 of the volume).

Karl Marx, Manifesto of the Communist Party [1848] (Chapter I. Bourgeois and Proletarians)

http://marxists.org/archive/marx/works/1848/communist-manifesto/ch01.htm#007

Karl Marx, Capital (capital 1, section 4: “The Fetishism of Commodities and the Secret Thereof”).

http://marxists.org/archive/marx/works/1867-c1/ch01.htm#S4

Feb 4 Nationalism and Imagined Communities

Benedict Anderson, Immagined Communities [1983] (Introduction and chapters 1-3)

https://www2.bc.edu/marian-simion/th406/readings/0420anderson.pdf

http://www.amstudy.hku.hk/PDF/engl56_kj_anderson_communities.pdf

Feb 11 Social Self After Psychoanalysis

Sigmund Freud, Civilization and Its Discontents [1930]

http://www2.winchester.ac.uk/edstudies/courses/level%20two%20sem%20two/Freud-Civil-Disc.pdf

Feb 25 Being Woman

Simone de Beauvoir, The Second Sex [1949] (excerpts to be distributed during the course)

Mar 4 Alienation Theory in North-American Sociology

Marcello Musto, “Revisiting Marx’s Concept of Alienation”, Socialism and Democracy, vol. 24, n. 3 (November 2010): 79-101

Nettler, Gwynn (1957) “A Measure of Alienation”, American Sociological Review, vol. 22, n. 6, pp. 670-677

Seeman, Melvin (1959) “On the Meaning of Alienation”, American Sociological Review, vol. 24, n. 6, pp. 783-791

Clark, John (1959) “Measuring alienation within a social system”, American Sociological Review, vol. 24, n. 6, pp. 849-852

Schweitzer, David (1982) “Alienation, De-alienation, and Change: A critical overview of current perspectives in philosophy and the social sciences”, in Giora Shoham (ed.) Alienation and Anomie Revisited, Tel Aviv: Ramot, pp. 27-70

Heinz, Walter R. (1992) “Changes in the Methodology of Alienation Research”, in Felix Geyer and Walter R. Heinz (ed.), Alienation, society, and the individual, New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction, pp. 213-221.

Mar 11 Social Self at the Time of the 1968 Protests

Herbet Marcuse, Eros and Civilization [1955] (chapters VI, VII, VIII, X)

Mar 18 The “Self” and the Mass Media

Guy Debord, The Society of the Spectacle [1967] (chapters 1-53, and 73-124)

http://www.marxists.org/reference/archive/debord/society.htm

Mar 25 Social Self as a Consumer

Jean Baudrillard, The Consumer Society [1974] (Part I chapters I-III; Part II chapters I-II; Part III chapter V; and the Conclusion)

Apr 1 Final Exam

January 2015

York University

Department of Sociology

Liberal Arts & Professional Studies

SOCI 3040. 3.0 (F)

Advanced Sociological Theory:

Alternatives to Capitalism

Fall 2014

Course Director: Dr. Marcello Musto

Class Time: Thursday 19:00 - 22:00

Class Location: Ross Building S103

Office Location: 134 Founders College

Office Hours: Thursday 17:30 - 18:30

Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Phone: 416 – 736 2100, Ext. 22558

Course Syllabus


The course will center on some of the principal conceptions of Socialism between 1789 and 1989. Its first part will be dedicated to some of the most important Socialist thinkers of the Nineteenth Century (Saint-Simon, Fourier, Owen, Proudhon, Lassalle, Marx, Bakunin and Kropotkin), while the second part will focus on the analysis of some of the main Socialist controversies and political experiences of the Twentieth Century, such as Leninism, the so-called “actually existing socialism” in Soviet Union, Cuba, the main Socialist experiences in Africa, and the so-called 'Socialism of the XXI Century' in Latin America.

Goal of the course is to examine the characteristics and distinguishing features of the varied Socialisms articulated by some of the main Socialists of the Nineteenth and the Twentieth century. The selection of readings will focus on the writings in which these thinkers developed their theories of how a Socialist society should be economically and politically organized.

Special attention will be dedicated to Marx’s Socialism and to his critique of other Socialisms, including Anarchism. Though he never composed a single text specifically on Socialism and post-capitalist society, through his critique of capitalism Marx pointed to some of the key social features and relations of production in the “society of free producers” which would replace the capitalist social formation. The course will explore the originality of Marx’s theories in comparison with those of his socialist predecessors, as well as the differences between his ideas and the historical record of “actually existing Socialism”.

Course Requirements

Class Participation:

This course is taught in weekly lectures lasting 2 hours and 50 minutes. Attendance and informed participation at all class meetings is not only strongly recommended, but required. Students are expected to attend class regularly, complete the assignment readings on time and participate actively in class discussion. Participation will be marked for attendance and quality of participation.

In the lectures I will try to:

- give all the pertinent biographical information about the author(s) and the historical context in which the assigned texts were written;

- reconstruct the argument of the author(s), and provide an overview of the assigned readings;

- identify the key questions for discussion, and the controversies implied by the material;

- critically analyze the texts (for example: what are the limitations of the position expressed in the readings?);

- Identify anything you found unclear or hard to understand;

- conclude with three discussion questions for the group to consider.

Please note that food and the use of cell phone in classroom will not be allowed.

Midterm Exams:

A midterm exams will be held on October 23, at the regular class time and place. The exam will last 120 minutes and it will consist of answering to 3 questions (out of 4) drawn from the readings assigned until that date (i.e., from week 1 to week 6).

Midterm marks will be available (if necessary) by email before November 7, 2014, and/or at the class of November 13, when I return the exams with critical feedback/suggestions that you might want to consider before starting to write the final paper.

Final Paper:

Students are free to propose their own final paper topic in this course, but it has to be related to the authors and/or the writings contained within the course syllabus. The Final Paper should:

- be approximately 3000 words, including footnotes but not bibliography;

- be clearly structured (divided into at least 3/4 sections), and written with rigorous evidence (particularly references to published works);

- be argued with documentation from critical sources (1-2 books and/or articles per page is a good rule of thumb). These sources may include some of the assigned readings, but must also evidence discovered though original research.

Final papers will be due 11 December by email. Late assignment will be penalized.

Warning: the paper must be entirely your own work. Be sure to meet all requirements of academic integrity (ie, no plagiarism).

Access to Readings:

The titles Peter Kropotkin, The Conquest of the bread (Cambridge University Press) and

Marcello Musto (ed.), Workers Unite! The International 150 Years After (Bloomsbury, 2014) have been ordered at York Bookstore.

Many of the required readings are available on-line; while the following volumes are on reserve at Scott library:

Paresh Chattopadhyay, The Marxian Concept of Capital and the Soviet Experience, Westport, CT: Praeger 1994

George D.H. Cole, Socialist Thought, Volume I: The Forerunners 1789-1850, London: MacMillan 1962

George D.H. Cole, Socialist Thought, Volume II: Marxism and Anarchism 1850-1890, London: MacMillan 1961

Eric J. Hobsbawm, The Age of Revolution 1789-1848, Chicago: Mentor 1962

Eric Hobsbawm, ed., The History of Marxism, Volume 1: Marxism in Marx's day, Brighton: Harvester 1982

Harry W. Laidler, History of Socialism, New York: Thomas Y. Crowell 1968

Carl Landauer, European Socialism, Berkeley/Los Angeles: University of California Press 1959

Course Evaluation

Class Participation

20%

Midterm Exam

30%

Final paper

50%

Schedule of Classes and Readings

Week 1 - Sep 11 Introduction and The Early Socialists I: Saint Simon

Required Readings:

- Carl Landauer, European Socialism, pp. 21-35 (Chap. I: 'The Three Anticapitalistic Movement', sections 1, 2 and 3).

- George D.H. Cole, Socialist Thought, Volume I: The Forerunners 1789-1850, pp. 37-50 (Chap. IV: 'Saint-Simon').

- Claude de Saint-Simon, excerpts from The Organizer [1819], Industrial System [1821] and On Social Organization [1825] (to be distributed during the course).

Excerpts taken from the following volumes:

Saint-Simon, Henri. Henri Saint-Simon (1760-1825): Selected writings on science, industry, and social organization. Croom Helm. 1975.

Comte de Saint-Simon (ed. Markham), Henri Comte de Saint-Simon 1760-1825 Selected Writings. Blackwell Oxford, 1952.

Additional Readings:

- Eric J. Hobsbawm, The Age of Revolution 1789-1848, pp. 22-43 and 363-374 (Chap. 1 and Maps)

- Friedrich Engels, Socialism: Utopian and Scientific (Chap. I: 'The Development of Utopian Socialism')

http://www.marxists.org/archive/marx/works/1880/soc-utop/index.htm

- Ghita Ionescu, Introduction, in Id. (ed.), The Political Thought of Saint-Simon, Cambridge University Press 1976.

Week 2 - Sep 18 The Early Socialists II: Fourier and Owen

Required Readings:

- Carl Landauer, European Socialism, pp. 35-59 (Chap. I: 'The Three Anticapitalistic Movement', section 5)

- George D.H. Cole, Socialist Thought, Volume I: The Forerunners 1789-1850, pp. 62-74 and 86-101 (Chap. VI: 'Fourier and Fourierism' and Chap. IX: 'Owen and Owenism - Earlier Phases')

Additional Readings:

Eric J. Hobsbawm, The Age of Revolution 1789-1848, pp. 44-73 (Chap. 2)

Charles Fourier, 'The Phalanstery' (Fragment I) http://marxists.org/reference/archive/fourier/works/ch20.htm

Charles Fourier, 'The Phalanstery' (Fragment II)
http://marxists.org/reference/archive/fourier/works/ch27.htm

Charles Fourier, 'Attractive Labour'

http://marxists.org/reference/archive/fourier/works/ch26.htm

Robert Owen, A New View of Society (Essay Two: 'The Principles of the Former Essay continued, and applied in part to Practice', and Essay Four: 'The end of government is to make the governed and the governors happy')
http://marxists.org/reference/subject/economics/owen/index.htm#new-view

George D.H. Cole, Socialist Thought, Volume I: The Forerunners 1789-1850, pp. 120-131 (Chap. XI: 'Owen and the Trade Unions - The end of Owenism')

Week 3 - Sep 25 Proudhon’s Mutualism, or Socialism as Workers’ Self-Management (with an appendix on Lassalle and State Socialism)

Required Readings:

- Carl Landauer, European Socialism, pp. 59-68 (Chap. I: 'The Three Anticapitalistic Movement', section 6)

- George D.H. Cole, Socialist Thought, Volume I: The Forerunners 1789-1850, pp. 201-218 (Chap. XIX: 'Proudhon')

Additional Readings:

Pierre-Joseph Proudhon, General Idea of the Revolution in the Nineteenth Century (Chap. III: 'The Principle of Association', and Chap. VI: section 3: 'Division of Labour, Collective Forces, Machines, Workingmen’s Associations')
http://fair-use.org/p-j-proudhon/general-idea-of-the-revolution/

Karl Marx, On Proudhon

http://www.marxists.org/archive/marx/works/1865/letters/65_01_24.htm

Friedrich Engels – Karl Marx, Manifesto of the Communist Party (Chap. III: 'Socialist and Communist Literature')

http://www.marxists.org/archive/marx/works/1848/communist-manifesto/index.htm

Additional Readings on Ferdinand Lassalle:

George D.H. Cole, Socialist Thought, Volume II: Marxism and Anarchism 1850-1890, pp. 71-87 (Chap. V: 'Lassalle')

Ferdinand Lassalle, The Working Man’s Programme
http://books.google.com/books?id=jAnvxDwjIYgC&pg=PA1&lpg=PA1&dq=%E2%80%A2%09Ferdinand+Lassalle,+The+Working+Man%E2%80%99s+Programme+edward+peters&source=bl&ots=ZWTEvlgAeO&sig=yI4lwocg9JhlwhW8CtoLpR2rBl4&hl=it&ei=BZMyS7OGO42xlAevv4ygBw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=3&ved=0CBQQ6AEwAg#v=onepage&q=%E2%80%A2%09Ferdinand%20Lassalle%2C%20The%20Working%20Man%E2%80%99s%20Programme%20edward%20peters&f=false

Week 4 - Oct 2 Marx's Socialism, or t he Associated Mode of Production

Required Readings:

Friedrich Engels – Karl Marx, Manifesto of the Communist Party (Chap. I: 'Bourgeois and Proletarians')

http://www.marxists.org/archive/marx/works/1848/communist-manifesto/index.htm

Karl Marx, Capital (Chap. I, section 4: 'The Fetishism of the Commodity and Its Secret')

http://www.marxists.org/archive/marx/works/1867-c1/ch01.htm#S4

Marcello Musto (ed.), Workers Unite! The International 150 Years After (chapters TBA)

Marcello Musto, “Revisiting Marx’s Concept of Alienation”, Socialism and Democracy, vol. 24, n. 3 (November 2010): 79-101

Additional Readings:

Eric Hobsbawm, 'Marx, Engels and Pre-Marxian socialism', in idem, ed., The History of Marxism, Volume 1: Marxism in Marx's day

Karl Marx, Grundrisse ('The Fragments on Machines', pp. 690-712)

http://www.marxists.org/archive/marx/works/1857/grundrisse/index.htm

Also available here:

thenewobjectivity.com/pdf/marx.pdf

Karl Marx, Critique of the Gotha Programme

http://www.marxists.org/archive/marx/works/1875/gotha/index.htm

Ernest Mandel, 'Marx, Karl Heinrich', in John Eatwell - Murray Milgate - Peter Newman (eds), The New Palgrave: A Dictionary of Economics, Volume 3, pp. 367-383

http://www.marxists.org/archive/mandel/19xx/marx/

Clara Zetkin, 'What the Women Owe to Karl Marx', in Frank Mecklenburg - Manfred Stassen, German Essays on Socialism in the Nineteenth Century, pp. 237-241.

Marcello Musto, 'The Rediscovery of Karl Marx', International Review of Social History, Vol. 52, part 3 (2007): 477-498

Week 5 - Oct 9 The International Working Men’s Association

Required Readings:

Marcello Musto, “Introduction” to Id. (ed.), Workers Unite! The International 150 Years After, pp. 1-68.

Additional Readings:

Excerpts from Marcello Musto (ed.), Workers Unite! The International 150 Years After (chapters TBA)

Week 6 - Oct 16 Anarchism

Required Readings:

Peter Kropotkin, 'Anarchism' (from The Encyclopaedia Britannica)

http://www.marxists.org/reference/archive/kropotkin-peter/1910/britannica.htm

Excerpts from Marcello Musto (ed.), Workers Unite! The International 150 Years After (chapters TBA)

Peter Kropotkin, The Conquest of the bread (chapter to be announced)

Additional Readings:

George D.H. Cole, Socialist Thought, Volume II: Marxism and Anarchism 1850-1890, pp. 213-236 (Chap. IX: 'Bakunin')

Maximilien Rubel, Theoretician of Anarchism

http://www.marxists.org/archive/rubel/1973/marx-anarchism.htm

George D.H. Cole, Socialist Thought, Volume II: Marxism and Anarchism 1850-1890, pp. 315-360 (Chap. XII: 'Anarchists and Anarchist-Communists - Kropotkin')

Week 7 - Oct 23 Midterm Exam

Week 8 - Nov 6 The Soviets

Required Readings:

Vladimir Lenin, State and Revolution (Chapters I, II, III, V)

http://www.marxists.org/archive/lenin/works/1917/staterev/

Additional Readings:

Paresh Chattopadhyay, The Marxian Concept of Capital and the Soviet Experience, Westport, CT: Praeger 1994

Paresh Chattopadhyay, 'The Economic Content of Socialism: Marx vs. Lenin', Review of Radical Political Economics, Vol. 24, n. 3-4 (1992): 90-110

Paresh Chattopadhyay, 'The Failure of Twentieth-Century Socialism and Marx’s Continuing Relevance', Socialism and Democracy, vol. 24, n. 3 (2010): 23-45

Vladimir Lenin, 'Last Testament: Letter to the Congress'

http://www.marxists.org/archive/lenin/works/1922/dec/testamnt/congress.htm

Week 9 - Nov 13 Council Communism

Required Readings:

Anton Pannekoek, Workers’ Councils (chapters TBA)

http://www.marxists.org/archive/pannekoe/1947/workers-councils.htm

Additional Readings:

Marcel van der Linden, “On Council Communism”

http://libcom.org/files/Council%20communism.pdf

Week 10 - Nov 20 Socialist Planned Economy

Required Readings:

Charles Bettelheim , Theoretical and Practical Problems with Planning (chapters TBA)

Additional Readings:

Carl Landauer (1947): Theory of National Economic Planning. University of California Press. Berkeley and Los Angeles, Second edition.

Alec Nove (1987): "Planned economy," The New Palgrave: A Dictionary of Economics, v. 3, pp. 879–85.

Week 11 - Nov 27 Cuba and Socialist Experiences in Africa

Required Readings:

Ernesto Che Guevara, “ Complete Text of his Message to the Tricontinental" (and other writings TBA)

Thomas Sankara, We Are the Heirs of the World's Revolutions: Speeches from the Burkina Faso Revolution 1983-87 , by Pathfinder Press, 2007 (excerpts TBA)

Additional Readings:

Guevara, Ernesto "Che" (editors Bonachea, Rolando E. and Nelson P. Valdés; 1969). Che: Selected Works of Ernesto Guevara, Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT Press.

Guevara, Ernesto "Che" (translated from the Spanish by Patrick Camiller; 2000). The African Dream. New York: Grove Publishers.

Thomas Sankara, Thomas Sankara Speaks: The Burkina Faso Revolution, 1983-87, Pathfinder Press, 1988

Thomas Sankara, Women's Liberation and the African Freedom Struggle, Pathfinder Press, 1990

Alfred Cudjoe, Who killed Sankara? University of California, 1988

Week 12 - Dec 4 Socialism in Latin America (1973-2014)

A list of texts (and audio materials) for the last class will be distributed during the course.

September 2014

 AS/POLS 3020 3.0 M (W)

Utopia, Power and Sovereignty
Winter 2013 

Course Director: Marcello Musto

Lecture Time: Wed 19:00 – 22:00

Class Location: VH 3000

Office Location: Ross Building, N 813
Office Hour: Wed 18:00-19:00

Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.">This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Phone: 416 – 736 2100, Ext. 20241

Course Syllabus


This course will examine, drawing on an interdisciplinary approach, the major developments in European political thought of the Sixteenth century. The first two lectures will offer an overview of the historical, productive and social characteristics of the principal European countries of the time, analyzing, in particular, the colonization of the Americas and its effects, structural changes of economy, and demographic, cultural and religious trends.

The central part of the course will concentrate on theories related to the rise of the modern state. The formation of the modern state will be analyzed through the works written in the midst of the most important political and cultural occurrences of the century: the Italian Renaissance, the Protestant reformation, and the French Wars of Religion. These three events resulted in: I) the development of a firm distinction between morality and politics, with the primacy of the latter (Machiavelli and Botero); II) the elaboration of a doctrine of the State in service of the "true religion" (Luther, Calvin, the Monarchomachs, Suarez); and III) the making of a theory of sovereignty as a remedy to the upheavals of the epoch (Bodin).

        In addition to these authors, special attention will be given to the voices of protest of some of the major Christian humanists, social reformers and political philosophers of the period, in particular More, Campanella, Bacon and de las Casas.

Course Requirements

Class Participation:

This course is taught in weekly lectures lasting 2 hours and 50 minutes. Attendance and informed participation (students are expected complete the assignment readings on time) at all classes is strongly required.

Midterm Examination:

A Midterm Exam will be held on February 27 at the regular class time and place. The exam will last 75 minutes and it will consist of answering 3 questions drawn from the readings assigned until that date.

Final Paper:

The final paper has to be related to the authors and the writings read during the course (papers with a critical analysis of the authors included in the readings, or with a comparison among their different conceptions, are the most welcome).

The Final Paper should:

-       be approximately 4.000 words, including footnotes and bibliography (roughly 15 pages double spaced 12 pt. 'Times New Roman' font);

 -       be clearly structured (divided in at least 3/4 sections), and written with rigorous evidence;

 -       be argued with documentation from a critical sources (1-2 books and/or articles per page is a good rule of thumb). These sources may include some of the assigned readings, but must also evidence original research.

 -       have references from hard copy books with the indication of page numbers. Papers with references from internet - unless they are truly necessary - will be penalized.

Final papers will be due 10 April, in hard copy and by email. Late assignment will be penalized.

Warning: the paper must be entirely your own work. No plagiarism.

Access to Readings:

Many of the required readings are available on-line (more information on them could be found at www.marcellomusto.com). Giovanni Botero, The Reason of State (Routledge 1956) is on reserve at Scott library; while the following books have been ordered for the bookstore:

Euan Cameron (ed.), The Sixteenth Century (Oxford 2006).

P. Bondanella - M. Musa (eds), The Portable Machiavelli (Penguin).

Martin Luther- John Calvin, On Secular Authority (Cambridge University Press).

Thomas More, Utopia (Penguin).

Jean Bodin, On Sovereignty: Six Books Of The Commonwealth (CreateSpace).

Useful Links on the XVI Century:

 Timeline:

http://chowkafat.net/Chron/Chron9e.html

http://www.magicdragon.com/UltimateSF/timeline16.html

http://www.fsmitha.com/time/ce16.htm

Maps:

http://www.emersonkent.com/maps_by_year_from_1501.htm

Inventions and technological and scientific discoveries:

http://inventors.about.com/od/timelines/a/Sixteenth.htm

Literature:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/16th_century_in_literature

Life in the XVI Century:

http://www.answerbag.com/q_view/2072677

http://www.lepg.org/sixteen.htm

http://www.localhistories.org/tudor.html

A Chronology of Slavery, Abolition, and Emancipation in the Sixteenth Century:

http://www.brycchancarey.com/slavery/chrono3.htm

Recommended Books on European History:

http://early-moderneurope.blogspot.com/2008/09/list-of-recommended-books.html

Course Evaluation

Class Participation

20%

Mid Term Exam

30%

Final paper

50%

Mid-term class participation marks will be available, if necessary, by email the week of March the 4th.

Schedule of Classes and Readings

Jan 9         Introduction to the Course

Jan 16       The Socio-historical Origins of European Modern Thought

Euan Cameron (ed.), The Sixteenth Century, pp. 19-57, 89-115 ('Introduction' by Euan Cameron and Chapters: 1. 'The Economy' by Tom Scott, and 3. 'Society' by Christopher Black).

Jan 23       The Primacy of Politics

Peter Bondanella - Mark Musa, Introduction: An Essay on Machiavelli, pp. 9-40.

Niccolò Machiavelli, The Prince [1532], pp. 77-166.

http://www.gutenberg.org/files/1232/1232-h/1232-h.htm

Jan 30       The Protestant Reformation

Harro Höpfl, Introduction, and Glossary, pp. vii-xxiii and xxxii-xxxviii.

Martin Luther, On Secular Authority [1523], pp. 3-43.

 

Feb 6         The Clerical State

Harro Höpfl, Glossary, pp. xxxviii-xliii,.

John Calvin, Institutes of the Christian Religion [1536] (Book Fourth, chapters: 2 'Comparison between the false church and the true', 11 'Of the jurisdiction of the church, and the abuses of it, as exemplified in the papacy', and 20 'Of civil government') [The latter is included in Martin Luther- John Calvin, On Secular Authority, Cambridge University Press, pp. 47-86].

http://www.ccel.org/ccel/calvin/institutes.toc.html

Feb 13       Utopianism I

 Paul Turner, Introduction, pp. xi-xxiv.

Thomas More, Utopia [1516], pp. 1-117.

Feb 27       Utopianism II

Tommaso Campanella, The city of the sun [1602].

http://ebooks.adelaide.edu.au/c/campanella/tommaso/c18c/

Francis Bacon, The new atlantis [1626].

http://oregonstate.edu/instruct/phl302/texts/bacon/atlantis.html

Mar 6         The Colonization and its Effects                                       

Bartolomé De las Casas, A Brief Account of the Destruction of the Indies [1552].

http://www.gutenberg.org/cache/epub/20321/pg20321.html

Mar 13      The Monarchomachs and the right to resistance

Stephen Junius Brutus, A Defense of Liberty Against Tyrants [1579].

http://www.lonang.com/exlibris/misc/1579-vct.htm

Francisco Suarez, Defense of the Catholic and Apostolic Faith against the Errors of Anglicanism [1613] (Book 3, chapters: 1, 2, 5, 22 and 23).

http://www.aristotelophile.com/Books/Translations/Suarez%20Defense%203.pdf

Mar 20      The Birth of the Modern Concept of Sovereignty

M. J. Tooley, Introduction, pp. 9-42.

Jean Bodin, The Six Books of the Commonwealth [1576] (Book I, pp. 43-90, except chapter IX-XVII: pp. 76-79; Book III, pp. 117-147, Book VI, pp. 221-251).

Mar 27      The Science of the State

Giovanni Botero, The Reason of State [1589] (Books I, II, III, IV and VII).

Apr 3         Political Theory in the XVI Century: Overview and Comparison

The reading for this week is a text by choice (it will be distributed in March). Goal of the final class is to review and critically compare the theories related to the rise of the modern state learned during the course.

March 2013

York University

Department of Sociology

Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies

Organized Crime

Winter 2014

Course Director: Dr. Marcello Musto

Class Time: Thursday 7:00-10:00

Class Location: VH 3017

Office Location: 637 Atkinson College Office Hours: Thursday 6:00-7:00

Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Phone: 416 – 736 2100 Ext. 22565

Course Syllabus

The course will centre on the analysis of Organized Crime in the world today. The selection of readings focuses on the characteristics and distinguishing features of various conceptions of criminal organizations, and the relationship between criminalized commodities and the global economy.

The first part of the course will critically analyze the various definitions, models and historical and contemporary perspectives on organized crime in our increasingly globalized society. Issues will include the relationship between organized crime and social and political movements of resistance and rebellion, and the evolution of criminalized commodities. Special attention will be then dedicated to some of the most important contemporary criminal groups and organizations, focusing particularly on the cases of Colombia (the drug cartels of Medellin and Cali), Mexico (the drug war started in 2006), Italy (Mafia, Camorra and 'Ndrangheta), Russia, China (including the special case of Hong Kong) and the Japanese Yakuza.

In conclusion, the last three classes will examine human trafficking and the evolving relations between organized crime and states/political forces. The international trafficking of workers – not only women in sex trades, but also 'illegal' migrants – has burgeoned with the global economy. At the same time, while states have sometimes had success in curtailing specific criminal groups (eg, the Sicilian Mafia), states have also used criminal organizations in secret wars, assisted criminals in wholesale plunder of public resources, and failed spectacularly in numerous so-called 'wars' on crime. The political economy of organized crime bears not only on the security of citizens, but on the potential for democratic social life.

Course Requirements and Evaluation

Class Participation

30%

Presentation

20%

Final paper

50%

Class Participation:

This course is taught in weekly seminars lasting 2 hours and 50 minutes. Attendance and informed participation at all class meetings is not only strongly recommended, but required. Students are expected to attend class regularly, complete the assignment readings on time and participate actively in class discussion. Participation will be marked for attendance and quality of participation.

Presentation:

Each class will begin with a student presentation (not exceeding 30 minutes) on the assigned readings. Presenters should provide a 2 page summary (by photocopy) of her/his presentation for other students.

A good presentation is very important to stimulate discussion. Therefore, please avoid just reading from a paper, and try to present ideas and raise questions for the engagement of others. Presentations should:

- reconstruct the argument of the author(s), and provide an overview of the assigned readings;

- identify the key questions for discussion, and the controversies implied by the material;

- critically analyze the texts (for example: what are the limitations of the position expressed in the readings?);

- Identify anything you found unclear or hard to understand;

- conclude with three discussion questions for the group to consider.

Final Paper:

Students are free to propose their own final paper topic in this course, but it has to be related to the authors and/or the writings contained within the course syllabus. The Final Paper should:

- be approximately 5000 words, including footnotes but not bibliography (roughly 20 pages double spaced 12 pt. times new Roman font);

- be clearly structured (divided into at least 3/4 sections), and written with rigorous evidence (particularly references to published works);

- be argued with documentation from critical sources (1-2 books and/or articles per page is a good rule of thumb). These sources may include some of the assigned readings, but must also evidence discovered though original research.

Final papers will be due 11 April by email. Late assignment will be penalized.

Warning: the paper must be entirely your own work. Be sure to meet all requirements of academic integrity (ie, no plagiarism).

Access to Readings:

The titles Stephen Mallory, Understanding organized crime, Jones and Bartlett (2007) andEric Wilson (Ed.), Government of the Shadows, Pluto Press (2009)have been ordered atYork Bookstore. Many of the required readings are available on-line. In addition Stephen Mallory, Understanding organized crime; Ioan Grillo, El Narco: Inside Mexico's Criminal Insurgency, Bloomsbury Press (2011); and Peter B.E. Hill, The Japanese Mafia: Yakuza, Law, and the State, Oxford University Press (2003) are on reserve at Scott library.

Note:

Mid-term class participation marks will be available by email or by appointment the week of 10 February.

Schedule of Classes and Readings

Jan 9 Introduction and Overview

Jan 16 Definitions and Models of Organized Crime

Stephen Mallory, Understanding organized crime, Jones and Bartlett 2007 (chapters 1, 2 and 3).

http://samples.jbpub.com/9781449648046/22572_CH01_V1.pdf

Jan 23 Organized Crime in the Globalized World

THE GLOBALIZATION OF CRIME: A TRANSNATIONAL ORGANIZED CRIME

THREAT ASSESSMENT , UNODC (2010)

http://www.unodc.org/documents/data-and-analysis/tocta/TOCTA_Report_2010_low_res.pdf

(Introduction, Conclusions and chapters 1, 2, 3, 5, 6, and 10).

Jan 30 Drug Cartels in C olombia

Stephen Mallory, Understanding organized crime (chapter 4).

Francisco Thoumi, “From Drug Lords to Warlords: Illegal Drugs and the 'Unintended' Consequences of Drug Policies in Colombia”, in Eric Wilson (Ed.), Government of the Shadows, Pluto Press (2009).

Francisco Thoumi. 2011. “Killing Time in Medellin”, Open Democracy.

http://www.opendemocracy.net/francisco-e-thoumi-lukas-jaramillo-escobar/killing-time-in-medellin

Feb 6 Mexico's Drug War

Stephen Mallory, Understanding organized crime (chapter 5).

Peter Dale Scott, “Drugs, Parapolitics, and Mexico: The DFS, the Drug Traffic, and the United States”, in Eric Wilson (Ed.), Government of the Shadows.

Ioan Grillo, El Narco: Inside Mexico's Criminal Insurgency, Bloomsbury Press (2011) (chapters 7, 13, 14, and Afterwords).

Feb 13 Cosa Nostra and the Italian Experience

Stephen Mallory, Understanding organized crime (chapter 7).

Henner Hess, “The Sicilian Mafia: Para-state and Adventure Capitalism”, in Eric Wilson (Ed.), Government of the Shadows,

Federico Varese, “Mafia Movements: A framework for Understanding the Mobility of Mafia Groups”, Global Crime, Vol. 12 (2011), Issue 3.

Feb 27 The Russian Mafia

Stephen Mallory, Understanding organized crime (chapter 6).

Joseph Albini, "Russian Organized Crime: Its History, Structure and Function", in Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice 11 (4) (1995).

http://ccj.sagepub.com/content/11/4/213.short

Alexander Shvarts. 2003. “The Russian Mafia: Expulsion of Law”, Contemporary Justice Review, Vol. 6(4) pp 363-382.

“Russian Mafia Abroad”, Moscow Times.

http://www.themoscowtimes.com/columns//article/russian-mafia-abroad-now-300000-strong-journal-says/400786.html

Mar 6 Organized Crime in China (and Hong Kong): Then and Today

Stephen Mallory, Understanding organized crime (chapter 9).

Lo, T. Wing. "Beyond social capital: Triad organized crime in Hong Kong and China." British Journal of Criminology 50.5 (2010): 851-872.

Wang, Peng. "The Increasing Threat of Chinese Organised Crime: national, regional and international perspectives", The RUSI Journal Vol. 158, No.4, (2013): 6-18.

Roderic Broadhurst, Crime Trends in Hong Kong http://www.crime.hku.hk/rb-crimetrends.htm

Natalie Wong, “Dragons smell blood again”

http://www.thestandard.com.hk/news_detail.asp?pp_cat=36&art_id=107259&sid=30994212&con_type=3&d_str=20110121&isSearch=1&sear_year=2011

Mar 13 Japanese Crime and the Yakuza

Stephen Mallory, Understanding organized crime, Jones and Bartlett 2007 (chapters 8).

Peter B.E. Hill, The Japanese Mafia: Yakuza, Law, and the State, Oxford University Press (2003) (chapters 3 and 7).

Mar 20 Organized Crime and Human trafficking

Global report on Trafficking in Persons, UNODC 2009.

http://www.unodc.org/documents/human-trafficking/Global_Report_on_TIP.pdf

('Global Overview' at pp. 22-76 and a 'region profile' by choice)

Global Report on Trafficking in Persons 2012.

http://www.unodc.org/documents/data-and-analysis/glotip/Trafficking_in_Persons_2012_web.pdf

(especially chapters 1 and 3).

Mar 27 Organized Crime, Forced Labour and Slavery

Kevin Bales, Disposable People: New Slavery in the Global Economy

(chapters TBA).

The Global Slavery Index 2013.

http://www.globalslaveryindex.org/

(Sections I, II and II plus 5 countries each student in 'Responses')

Apr 3 Politics and Organized Crime

A text of your choice from among the following chapters of Eric Wilson (Ed.), Government of the Shadows:

Eric Wilson “Deconstructing the Shadows”.

Mark Findlay “Governing Through Globalised Crime”.

Guilhem Fabre “Prospering from Crime: Money Laundering and Financial Crises” Howard Dick “The Shadow Economy: Markets, Crime and the State” Vincenzo Ruggiero “Transnational Crime and Global Illicit Economies” William Reno “Redefining Statehood in the Global Periphery”.

February 2013

SOCI 4670 3.0 B (W)

 Social Self

  Winter 2014

Course Director: Dr. Marcello Musto

Class Time: Tuesday 19:00 – 22.00

Class Location: VH 1022

Office Location: 637 Atkinson College Office Hours: Thursday 18:00-19:00

Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Phone: 416 – 736 2100 - Ext. 22565

Course Syllabus

The course will centre on the analysis of some of the most important modern and contemporary perceptions of the social Self in Western societies, starting from 1492 and the discovery of the “other”. The selection of readings focuses on the examination of the characteristics and distinguishing features of the varied conceptions of social self articulated by some classical works of liberalism, Marx and the “new Left”, and mainstream North-American sociology among others.

Special attention will be dedicated to the XXth century. With the “revolutions” of psychoanalysis and of the liberation movements of 1968; and after the huge impacts produced by mass media and technological inventions, which followed World War II, the idea of social self changed dramatically. The second part of the course will critically analyze the differences produced in human sciences with respect to its perception.

The last two classes will finally examine the most relevant contemporary conceptions – and frontiers – of the “Self” at the time of capitalist globalization and cosmopolitism.

Course Requirements and Evaluation

Class Participation

30%

Presentation

20%

Final paper

50%

Class Participation:

This course is taught in weekly seminars lasting 2 hours and 50 minutes. Attendance and informed participation at all class meetings is not only strongly recommended, but required. Students are expected to attend class regularly, complete the assignment readings on time and participate actively in class discussion. Participation will be marked for attendance and quality of participation.

Presentation:

Each class will begin with a student presentation (not exceeding 30 minutes) on the assigned readings. Presenters should provide a 2 page summary (by photocopy) of her/his presentation for other students.

A good presentation is very important to stimulate discussion. Therefore, please avoid just reading from a paper, and try to present ideas and raise questions for the engagement of others. Presentations should:

- give all the pertinent biographical information about the author(s) and the historical context in which the assigned texts were written;

- reconstruct the argument of the author(s), and provide an overview of the assigned readings;

- identify the key questions for discussion, and the controversies implied by the material;

- critically analyze the texts (for example: what are the limitations of the position expressed in the readings?);

- Identify anything you found unclear or hard to understand;

- conclude with three discussion questions for the group to consider.

Final Paper:

Students are free to propose their own final paper topic in this course, but it has to be related to the authors and/or the writings contained within the course syllabus. The Final Paper should:

- be approximately 5000 words, including footnotes but not bibliography (roughly 20 pages double spaced 12 pt. times new Roman font);

- be clearly structured (divided into at least 3/4 sections), and written with rigorous evidence (particularly references to published works);

- be argued with documentation from critical sources (1-2 books and/or articles per page is a good rule of thumb). These sources may include some of the assigned readings, but must also evidence discovered though original research.

Final papers will be due 8 April by email. Late assignment will be penalized.

Warning: the paper must be entirely your own work. Be sure to meet all requirements of academic integrity (ie, no plagiarism).

Access to Readings:

The titles Tzvetan Todorov, The Conquest of America: The Question of the Other and C.B. Macpherson, The Political Theory of Possessive Individualism have been ordered atYork Bookstore. A list of texts by choice for the last class will be distributed during the course.

Many of the required readings are available on-line; while Jean Baudrillard, The Consumer Society is on reserve at Scott library:

 Note:

 Mid-term class participation marks will be available by email or by appointment the week of 10 February.

Schedule of Classes and Readings

Jan 7 Introduction and Overview

Jan 14 The “Self” after 1492

Tzvetan Todorov, The Conquest of America: The Question of the Other [1982] (From chap. I: “The Discovery of America”, “Columbus and the Indians”; From chap- IV: “Typology of Relation to the Other”; and “Epilogue”)

Jan 21 Liberalism and the Perception of the Single Individual

C.B. Macpherson, The Political Theory of Possessive Individualism [1962](Parts I and VI)

Adam Smith, An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations [1776] (chapters I.1 – I.5)

http://www.econlib.org/library/Smith/smWN.html

Jan 28 The Bourgeois Myth of Robinson Crusoe

Daniel Defoe, The Life and Adventures of Robinson Crusoe [1808]

http://www.gutenberg.org/ebooks/12623

Ian Watt, “Robinson Crusoe as a Myth, Essays in Criticism, vol. I (1951), n. 2, pp. 95-119.

Feb 4 The Marxian Critique

Karl Marx, Grundrisse [1857-58] (“Introduction: 1. Production, Consumption, Distribution, Exchange (Circulation) PRODUCTION: Independent Individuals. Eighteenth-century Ideas” [pp. 81-88]; and “Forms which precede capitalist production” [pp. 471-513])

http://www.marxists.org/archive/marx/works/1857/grundrisse/ch01.htm

http://www.marxists.org/archive/marx/works/1857/grundrisse/ch09.htm#p471

Karl Marx, Capital (chapters TBA)

Feb 11 Anthropological Representations

Claude Lévi-Strauss, Tristes Tropiques [1955]

http://books.google.ca/books?id=lfrk6HmuN7EC&printsec=frontcover&hl=it&source=gbs_ge_summary_r&cad=0#v=onepage&q&f=false

Feb 25 Social Self After Psychoanalysis

Sigmund Freud, Civilization and Its Discontents [1930]

http://www2.winchester.ac.uk/edstudies/courses/level%20two%20sem%20two/Freud-Civil-Disc.pdf

Mar 4 Alienation Theory in North-American Sociology

Marcello Musto, “Revisiting Marx’s Concept of Alienation”, Socialism and Democracy, vol. 24, n. 3 (November 2010): 79-101.

Nettler, Gwynn (1957) “A Measure of Alienation”, American Sociological Review, vol. 22, n. 6, pp. 670-677.

Seeman, Melvin (1959) “On the Meaning of Alienation”, American Sociological Review, vol. 24, n. 6, pp. 783-791.

Clark, John (1959) “Measuring alienation within a social system”, American Sociological Review, vol. 24, n. 6, pp. 849-852.

Schweitzer, David (1982) “Alienation, De-alienation, and Change: A critical overview of current perspectives in philosophy and the social sciences”, in Giora Shoham (ed.) Alienation and Anomie Revisited, Tel Aviv: Ramot, pp. 27-70.

Heinz, Walter R. (1992) “Changes in the Methodology of Alienation Research”, in Felix Geyer and Walter R. Heinz (ed.), Alienation, society, and the individual, New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction, pp. 213-221.

Mar 11 Social Self at the Time of the 1968 Protests

Herbet Marcuse, Eros and Civilization [1955] (chapters VI, VII, VIII, X)

Mar 18 The “Self” and the Mass Media

Guy Debord, The Society of the Spectacle [1967] (chapters 1-53, and 73-124)

http://www.marxists.org/reference/archive/debord/society.htm

Mar 25 Social Self as a Consumer

Jean Baudrillard, The Consumer Society [1974] (Part I chapters I-III; Part II chapters I-II; Part III chapter V; and the Conclusion)

Apr 1 Globalization and Contemporary Frontiers of the Social Self

An article (by choice) among a list of texts which will be distributed during the course.

February 2013

AS/POLS 3025 3.0 M (W)

A Century of Revolution

Winter 2013

Course Director: Marcello Musto

Lecture Time: Wed 19:00 – 22:00

Class Location: VC 114

Office Location: Ross Building, N 813 Office Hour: Wed 18:00-19:00

Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Phone: 416 – 736 2100, Ext. 20241

Course Syllabus

This course will examine, drawing on an interdisciplinary approach, the major developments in European political thought of the Seventeenth century.

The course will begin with an overview of the historical, productive and social characteristics of the principal European countries of the time, analyzing, in particular, structural changes of economy, and demographic, cultural and religious trends.

In addition to authors as Althusius or Spinoza, special attention will be given to the voices of protest of some of the major humanists, social reformers and political philosophers of the period, in particular Campanella, Bacon, Grotius, Pufendorf and the "Levellers".

In the second part of the course we will consider the contributions of Hobbes and Locke to modern political thought, and the emergence of the liberal state, in light of both the issues and fears raised by "the world turned upside down" and the broader context of fundamental social change. Finally, in the last class the major political theories of the century, learned during the course, will be reviewed and critically compared.

Course Requirements

Class Participation:

This course is taught in weekly lectures lasting 2 hours and 50 minutes. Attendance and informed participation (students are expected complete the assignment readings on time) at all classes is strongly required.

Midterm Examination:

A Midterm Exam will be held on February 28 at the regular class time and place. The exam will last 75 minutes and it will consist of answering 3 questions drawn from the readings assigned until that date.

Final Paper:

The final paper has to be related to the authors and the writings read during the course (papers with a critical analysis of the authors included in the readings, or with a comparison among their different conceptions, are the most welcome).

The Final Paper should:

- be approximately 4.000 words, including footnotes and bibliography (roughly 15 pages double spaced 12 pt. 'Times New Roman' font);

- be clearly structured (divided in at least 3/4 sections), and written with rigorous evidence;

- be argued with documentation from a critical sources (1-2 books and/or articles per page is a good rule of thumb). These sources may include some of the assigned readings, but must also evidence original research.

- have references from hard copy books with the indication of page numbers. Papers with references from internet - unless they are truly necessary - will be penalized.

Final papers will be due 10 April, in hard copy and by email. Late assignment will be penalized.

Warning: the paper must be entirely your own work. No plagiarism.

Access to Readings:

Many of the required readings are available on-line (more information on them could be found at www.marcellomusto.com). The following books have been ordered for the bookstore:

Johannes Althusius, Politica (Liberty Fund Inc.).

Mendle, Michael (ed), The Putney Debates of 1647: The Army, the Levellers, and the English State., Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2001.

Thomas Hobbes, Leviathan.

John Locke, Two Treatises of Government.

Ellen Meiksins Wood, Liberty & Property (Verso, 2012).

Course Evaluation

Class Participation

20%

Mid Term Exam

30%

Final paper

50%

Mid-term class participation marks will be available, if necessary, by email the week of March the 4th.

Schedule of Classes and Readings

Jan 10 Introduction to the Course

Jan 17 Politics as Consociatio Universalis

Johannes Althusius, Politica [1603] (abridged translation of Politics Methodically Set Forth, and Illustrated with Sacred and Profane Examples), (chapters I-V, IX, XVIII-XX, XXXVIII-XXXIX).

http://oll.libertyfund.org/index.php?option=com_staticxt&staticfile=show.php%3Ftitle=692&layout=html

Jan 24 Utopianism

Tommaso Campanella, The city of the sun [1602].

http://ebooks.adelaide.edu.au/c/campanella/tommaso/c18c/

Francis Bacon, The new atlantis [1626].

http://oregonstate.edu/instruct/phl302/texts/bacon/atlantis.html

Jan 31 Natural Law and Natural Rights

Hugo Grotius, De jure belli ac pacis (On the Law of War and Peace) [1625] (Book I, chapters 1, 3; Book II, chapter 1; Book III, chapters 1, 3, 25).

http://socserv.mcmaster.ca/econ/ugcm/3ll3/grotius/Law2.pdf

Samuel von Pufendorf, De jure naturae et gentium (Of the law of nature and nations) [1672] (Book II, Chapter 3, Section XXIII).

http://www.nlnrac.org/earlymodern/law-of-nations/primary-source-documents/law-of-nature-and-nations

http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/pufendorf-moral/

Feb 7 The English Revolution and The Levellers: Demanding Popular Representation

Ellen Meiksins Wood, Liberty & Property, pp. 211-240.

Vv. Aa., The Putney Debate [1647].

http://oll.libertyfund.org/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=1322&Itemid=264

John Lilburne, William Walwyn, Thomas Prince and Richard Overton, An agreement of the free people of England. [1649].

http://www.constitution.org/eng/agreepeo.htm

Feb 14 True Levellers: Freedom from Property

Gerard Winstanley, A Declaration from the Poor oppressed People of England [1649].

http://www.bilderberg.org/land/poor.htm

Gerard Winstanley, The Law of Freedom in a Platform [1652] (chapters: 1-3, 6).

http://www.bilderberg.org/land/lawofree.htm

Feb 28 Hobbes 1

Thomas Hobbes, Leviathan [1651] (list of chapters to read TBA).

Mar 7 Hobbes 2

Thomas Hobbes, Leviathan (list of chapters to read TBA).

Mar 14 Spinoza, or the twilight of servitude

Baruch Spinoza, A Theologico-Political Treatise [1670] (chapters: XVI-XX).

http://www.yesselman.com/ttpelws1.htm

Mar 21 Locke 1

Ellen Meiksins Wood, Liberty & Property, pp. 256-278.

John Locke, Two Treatises of Government [1689] (First Treatise, chapters: I-VI).

Mar 28 Locke 2

John Locke, Two Treatises of Government (Second Treatise, chapters: I-XIV).

Apr 4 Political Theory in the XVII Century: A Critical Comparison

The reading for this week is a text by choice (it will be distributed in March).

February 2013

York University

Department of Sociology

Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies

AP/SOCI 4910 6.0 A (Y)

Sociology of Knowledge

Fall 2013 - Winter 2014

Course Director: Dr. Marcello Musto

Class Time: Tuesday 7:00-10:00

Class Location: VH 1022

Office Location: 637 Atkinson College Office Hours: Thursday 6:00-7:00

Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Phone: 416 – 736 2100 Ext. 22565

Course Syllabus

This course will centre on the principal authors, texts and debates of the sociology of knowledge. Its first part will be dedicated to some of the most important foundational texts and classic intellectual developments within the field, while the second part will focus on the contributions and controversies that have followed from Marxist and other critical approaches.

The goal of the course is to explore the ways in which ideas figure in the development of social institutions, with particular attention to the social impact of belief systems. What knowledge is, how it is comprehended, and what it implies for society cannot simply be taken for granted. On the one hand, knowledge is socially constructed in even its most strictly scientific forms; on the other hand, the forms and patterns through which things are known have the most profound influence on social experience and behaviour. The constant mutual interaction between knowledge and social existence is both inherent in what sociology proposes to study, and constitutive of such study in practice.

Francis Bacon famously proposed that 'Knowledge is power'. The precise nature of this relationship depends, of course, on how each of these terms is conceived. Special attention in the course will be dedicated to the various meanings of 'ideology' and how these conceptions have figured within the sociology of knowledge over time. Although the course may appear to be devoted to studying ideas about ideas, ultimately it is about the forms and processes of social being constituted by people who grasp ideas.

Course Requirements

Class Participation:

This course is taught in 24 weekly seminars lasting 2 hours and 50 minutes. Attendance and informed participation at all class meetings is not only strongly recommended, but required. Students are expected to attend class regularly, complete the assignment readings on time, and participate actively in class discussion. Participation will be marked on the basis of a combination of attendance and quality of participation.

Presentation(s):

Each class will begin with a student presentation (30 minutes long) on the assigned readings. Presenters should provide a 2-page summary (by photocopy) of her/his presentation for the other students. Every student has to give two presentations: the first in fall term and the second in winter term.

A good presentation is very important to stimulate discussion. Therefore, please avoid just reading from a paper, and try to present ideas and raise questions for the engagement of others. Presentations should:

- provide pertinent biographical information about the author(s) and the historical context in which the assigned texts were written;

- reconstruct the main argument of the author(s) and provide a brief overview of the assigned readings;

- identify the key questions for discussion, and the controversies implied by the material;

- critically analyze the texts (for example: what are the limitations of the position expressed in the readings?);

- identify anything you found unclear or particularly hard to understand;

- conclude with three discussion questions for the group to consider.

Final Paper Proposal:

Students are free to propose their own final paper topic, but it has to be related to the authors and/or the writings read during the course (papers on the knowledge "models" of one or more authors, or offering comparison among different sociological conceptions of knowledge, are the most welcome).

Final paper proposals should be 3-4 pages and should include the following information:

- an indication of the title;

- an annotated bibliography of 5-10 sources to be consulted, beyond those on the course outline. Each entry must include: a) the full and complete bibliographic citation; and b) a short assessment of why the source will be useful for your paper;

- a preliminary outline for the paper. This text should be a prose summary (i.e., not bullet-points) of the approach and ideas from which you will start, providing an overview of the paper you expect to write. It should also describe the probable sections into which your paper will be divided.

Final papers proposal will be due 14 January, in hard copy and by email. Late assignment will be penalized.

Final Paper:

The topic of the paper must be the one approved through the Final Paper Proposal. The Final Paper should:

- be approximately 5000 words, including footnotes and bibliography (roughly 20 pages double-spaced in 12 pt. 'Times New Roman' font);

- be clearly structured (divided into at least 4/5 sections), and written with rigorous reference to supporting evidence; generally, 1-2 references to books or articles per page is a good rule of thumb. These sources may include assigned readings, but there must also be evidence of original research.

- citations should refer to hard-copy books and journals, indicating page numbers. Papers with references to internet sources - unless they are truly necessary - will be penalized. (Books and articles can of course be accessed on-line; what is essential is that the sources be published.)

Final papers will be due 1 April, at the beginning of the final class, in hard copy and by email. Late assignments will be penalized.

Warning: the final paper must be entirely your own work. No plagiarism or other failure of academic integrity will be tolerated. You are fully responsible for knowing what academic honesty means and how it is to be practised. If you have any uncertainty, it is your responsibility to raise the question in class or during office hours.

Access to Course Readings:

The following titles have been ordered at theYork Bookstore:

Emile Durkheim - Marcel Mauss, Primitive Classification;

Marcello Musto (E d.), Karl Marx’s Grundrisse. Foundations of the Critique of Political Economy 150 Years Later;

Max Weber, A Reader (Routledge);

Peter Berger - Thomas Luckmann, Social Construction of Reality: A Treatise in the Sociology of Knowledge;

Immanuel Wallerstein, The Uncertainties of Knowledge;

E. Doyle McCarthy , Knowledge as Culture: The New Sociology of Knowledge;

Edward W. Said, Orientalism;

Thomas Kuhn, The Structure of Scientific Revolutions;

Paul Feyerabend, Against Method;

Michel Foucault, The Archaeology of Knowledge;

Michel Foucault, The History of Sexuality. Vol. I: The Will to Knowledge .

A list of texts from among which to choose for the last class will be distributed during the course.

Many of the required readings are available on-line (more information on the course can be also found at www.marcellomusto.com); while Robert K. Merton, Social Theory and Social Structure, and Bertell Ollman, Dance of Dialectic are on reserve at Scott library.

Course Evaluation

Class Participation

30%

Presentation I (Fall Term)

10%

Presentation II (Winter Term)

10%

Final paper proposal

10%

Final paper

40%

Note: As required by Senate policy, at least 30% of the final grade will be available to students in the course prior to the last date by which full-year courses can be dropped without receiving a grade (February 14, 2014). This partial grade will comprise marks for the Fall Term Presentation and the Final paper proposal, and a preliminary evaluation of Participation based on the Fall Term. This portion of the Participation grade, however, is not necessarily fixed; the final Participation grade will be based upon the whole of the course.

 Schedule of Classes and Readings

Winter Term

Sep 10 Introduction and Overview

Sep 17 The Pioneers I

Emile Durkheim - Marcel Mauss, Primitive Classification [1902] (chapters 1. Introduction, 2. The Problem, 7. Conclusions)

Sep 24 The Pioneers II

Emile Durkheim, The Elementary Forms of the Religious Life [1912] (Introduction and Conclusion)

http://archive.org/details/elementaryformso00durkrich

 David Bloor, “Durkheim and Mauss revisited: Classification and the sociology of knowledge”, Studies in History and Philosophy of Science vol. 13.4 (1982): 267-97

Oct 1 The Marxian Critique I

 Karl Marx, Theses on Feuerbach [1845]

http://www.marxists.org/archive/marx/works/1845/theses/index.htm

Friedrick Engels – Karl Marx, The German Ideology [1845-46] (Part I: Feuerbach.Opposition of the Materialist and Idealist Outlook)

http://www.marxists.org/archive/marx/works/1845/german-ideology/

Oct 8 The Marxian Critique II

Karl Marx, Grundrisse [1857-58] (“1857 Introduction” [pp. 81-112])

http://www.marxists.org/archive/marx/works/1857/grundrisse/

Marcello Musto, 'History, Production and Method in the 1857 Introduction', in idem (Ed.), Karl Marx’s Grundrisse. Foundations of the Critique of Political Economy 150 Years Later, pp. 3-32

Oct 15 Weber and the Objectivity of Knowledge

Max Weber, “The Objectivity of the Sociological and Social-Political Knowledge”, [1904]

Oct 22 Mannheim and the Foundation of the Concept

Karl Mannheim, Ideology and Utopia [1929] (Part V: The Sociology of Knowledge)

 http://archive.org/details/ideologyutopiain00mann

Nov 5 The Contribution of Robert Merton

Robert Merton, Social Theory and Social Structure [1949] (Part III The Sociology of Knowledge and Mass Communications)

Nov 12 Knowledge in Everyday Life I

Peter Berger - Thomas Luckmann, Social Construction of Reality: A Treatise in the Sociology of Knowledge [1966] (Introduction and Section I)

http://amstudugm.files.wordpress.com/2011/04/social-construction-of-reality.pdf

Nov 19 Knowledge in Everyday Life II

Peter Berger - Thomas Luckmann, Social Construction of Reality: A Treatise in the Sociology of Knowledge [1966] (Section II)

Nov 26 Knowledge in Everyday Life III

Peter Berger - Thomas Luckmann, Social Construction of Reality: A Treatise in the Sociology of Knowledge [1966] (Section III and Conclusion)

Dec 3 Phenomenology and Knowledge

Alfred Schutz, The Structures of the Life-World [1973] (Part 4: Knowledge and Society)

http://books.google.cl/books?id=LGXBxI0Xsh8C&printsec=frontcover&hl=it#v=onepage&q&f=false

Winter Term

Jan 7 World Systems Analysis and Knowldge I

 Immanuel Wallerstein, The Uncertainties of Knowledge [2004] (Introduction and chapters 1, 2 and 3)

Jan 14 World Systems Analysis and Knowldge II

Immanuel Wallerstein, The Uncertainties of Knowledge [2004] (chapters 9, 10 and 11)

Jan 21 True and False Knowledges

E. Doyle McCarthy , Knowledge as Culture: The New Sociology of Knowledge [1996] (Introduction and chapters I and II)

Jan 28 Knowledge, Dialectic and The Philosophy of Internal Relations

Bertell Ollman, Dance of Dialectic [2003] (Introduction and chapters 1, 2, 3, and 4)

Feb 4 The French Structuralist and the American Pragmatist Traditions

E. Doyle McCarthy , Knowledge as Culture: The New Sociology of Knowledge (chapters III and IV)

Feb 11 The Feminist Approach

E. Doyle McCarthy , Knowledge as Culture: The New Sociology of Knowledge (chapters V and Epilogue)

Alison Wylie, Elizabeth Potter, and Wenda K. Bauchspies, “Feminist Perspectives on Science”, Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy

http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/feminist-science/

Feb 25 Knowledge, Postcolonialism and Subalternity

Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak, "Can the Subaltern Speak?", in C. Nelson and L. Grossberg (eds), Marxism and the Interpretation of Culture [1988]

http://www.mcgill.ca/files/crclaw-discourse/Can_the_subaltern_speak.pdf

Edward W. Said, Orientalism [1978] (Introduction)

Mar 4 Sociology of Scientific Knowledge

Thomas Kuhn, The Structure of Scientific Revolutions [1962]

(chapters TBA)

Mar 11 Anarchism in Science

Paul Feyerabend, Against Method [1975]

(chapters TBA)

Mar 18 Power and Knowledge

Michel Foucault, The Archaeology of Knowledge [1972] (Introduction, Part IV, chapter 6: Science and Knowledge, and Conclusion)

Mar 25 Sexuality and Knowledge

Michel Foucault, The History of Sexuality. Vol. I: The Will to Knowledge [1976]

Apr 1 Final Overview and Conclusion

(Final essay due at the beginning of the class)

Additional Readings:

Barber, Bernard 1952 Science And The Social Order. Glencoe, Ill.: Free Press.

Berger, Peter L. 1965 Toward A Sociological Understanding Of Psychoanalysis. Social Research 32: 26-41.

Coser. Lewis A. 1965 Men Of Ideas: A Sociologist's View. New York: Free Press.

Dahlke, H. Otto 1940 The Sociology Of Knowledge. Pages 64-89 In Harry E. Barnes, Howard Becker, And Frances B. Becker (Editors), Contemporary Social Theory. New York: Appieton.

Gerard L. DeGré 1943 Society And Ideology: An Inquiry Into The Sociology Of Knowledge. New York: Columbia Univ. Press.

Lazarsfeld, Paul F.; And Thielens, Wagner Jr. 1958 The Academic Mind: Social Scientists In A Time Of Crisis. A Report Of The Bureau Of Applied Social Re­search, Columbia University. Glencoe, Ill.: Free Press.

Levi-Strauss, Claude 1945 French Sociology. Pages 503-537 In Georges Gurvitch And Wilbert E. Moore (Editors), Twentieth Century Sociology. New York Philosophical Library.

Machlup, Fritz 1962 The Production And Distribution Of Knowledge In The United States. Princeton Univ. Press.

Mannheim, Karl (1922-1940)1953 Essays On Sociology And Social Psychology. Edited By Paul Kecskemeti London: Routledge. - See Especially Pages 77-164 In"Conservative Thought.

Mannheim, Karl (1923-1929) 1952 Essays On The Sociology Of Knowledge. Edited By Paul Kecskemeti. New York: Oxford Univ. Press. -* See Especially Pages 191-229 On "Competition As A Cultural Phenomenon"

Maquet, Jacques J. (1949) 1951 The Sociologyof Knowledge, Its Structure And Its Relation To The Phi­losophy Of Knowledge: A Critical Analysis Of The Systems Of Karl Mannheim And Pitirim A. Sorokin. Translated By John F. Locke. Boston: Beacon. - First Published In French.

Mead, George H. 1934 Mind, Self And Society From The Standpoint Of A Social Behaviorist. Edited By Charles W. Morris. Univ. Of Chicago Press. - Pub­lished Posthumously

Mills. C. Wright 1963 Power, Politics And People: The Collected Essays Of C. Wright Mills. Edited And Introduced By Irving Louis Horowitz. New York: Ox­ford Univ. Press. - See Especially Pages. 423-438 On "Language, Logic And Culture," Pages 439-452 On "Situated Actions And Vocabularies Of Motive," And Pages 453-456 On "Methodological Consequences Of The Sociology Of Knowledge."

Scheler, Max (1926) 1960 Die Wissensformen Und Die Gesellschaft. 2d Ed., Rev. Bern: Francke.

Seeman, Melvin (1956) Intellectual Perspective And Adjustment To Minority Group Status. Social Problems 3: 142-153.

Sorokin, Pitirim A. (1943) 1964 Sociocultural Causality, Space, Time: A Study Of Referential Principles Of Sociology And Social Science. New York: Russell.

Stark, Werner 1958 The Sociology Of Knowledge: An Essay In Aid Of A Deeper Understanding Of The History Of Ideas. London: Routledge; Glencoe. Ill.: Free Press.

Veblen, Thorstein (1891-1913) 1961 The Place Of Science In Modern Civilisation, And Other Essays. New York: Russell.

Wolff, Kurt H. 1959 The Sociology Of Knowledge And Sociological Theory. Pages 567-602 In Llewellyn Gross (Editor), Symposium On Sociological Theory New York: Harper.

Znaniecki, Florian 1940 The Social Role Of The Man Of Knowledge. New York: Columbia Univ. Press.

January 2013

La Democracia y su Crisis

2013

Departamento de Filosofia

Diplomado Filosofia Política Contemporánea

Universidad Alberto Hurtado

Profesor: Marcello Musto

Sala K-54, Almirante Barroso 10, 5to piso

Periodo: Martes 19:00 – 21:00

Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. - This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

I. Descripción y objetivos del curso

En este curso serán examinadas algunas de las principales concepciones de democracia en la edad moderna y contemporánea. Su objetivo fundamental, siguiendo un enfoque interdisciplinario, es ofrecer un panorama general de la elaboración de este concepto en el pensamiento filosófico-político occidental. En particular, el tema que guiará el curso será la crisis de la democracia, o sea un ahondamiento sobre los factores - económicos, sociales y políticos - que, en distintas épocas y sociedades (en el Siglo XVI como en el Siglo XX; y en Europa como en Estados Unidos o en Rusia), han determinado la crisis de los modelos democráticos existentes y el comienzo de nuevas temporadas políticas.

“¿En qué consiste la democracia?”. “¿Cuales son las más importantes distinciones entre la teoría clásica, medieval y moderna de democracia?”. “¿Cuando un sistema político puede ser definido como verdaderamente democrático?”. “¿Y cuales son las principales teorías de democracia que se han confrontado en el Siglo XX y que siguen siendo actuales para resolver los problemas de nuestra sociedad contemporánea?”. Serán estas las preguntas a las cuales, con el auxilio de escritos fundamentales del pensamiento filosófico-político moderno y contemporáneo, se dará respuesta en el curso.

En sus primeras cinco semanas, las lecturas se concentraran sobre la concepción de democracia surgida con el aparecer del Estado moderno. La relación entre religión y política, el 'derecho de resistencia' y la tradición iusnaturalistas (sobre todo en las elaboraciones de Althusius, de Hobbes y de Spinoza) representaran el focus central de las clases. La parte central del curso será dedicada a las origines de la concepción liberal de democracia (en particular Locke, Montesquieu, Kant, Constant y Tocqueville) y también a los dos eventos más importantes del Siglo XVIII: el Iluminismo y la Revolución Francesa (Rousseau y Robespierre).

Por fin, en las últimas cuatro semanas, se examinaran las mayores críticas a la concepción de democracia liberal: el socialismo en Europa (Marx y la Asociación Internacional de Trabajadores) y Rusia (Lenin y la Revolución Soviética), la Teoría de las Elites (Mosca, Pareto, Michels y sus continuadores en Estados Unidos) y el Nazi-fascismo (las teorías de Schmitt).

II. Evaluación

El curso cuenta con 16 sesiones que consistirán en exposiciones a cargo de los profesores en torno a un texto previamente asignado. Los textos asignados deben ser leídos con anterioridad y se espera la participación activa de los alumnos.

La principal evaluación del curso consistirá en un ensayo final (entre 3.000 y 4.000 palabras). El tema debe ajustarse al marco de discusión del curso y ser consensuado previamente con los profesores. El ensayo tendrá un valor de 60% respecto a la nota final del curso y deberá ser entregado vía email el día 1° de Diciembre. El restante 40% consistirá en participación a las clases (20%) y en un pequeño ejercicio de reflexión en torno a los temas tratados en clases que se realizará el día 12 de Noviembre (20%).

Participación

20%

Ejercicio de reflexión

20%

Ensayo final

60%

Programa de Clases y lecturas

Julio 30 Introducción al Curso: El concepto de democracia en la época moderna

Agosto 6 Democracia según Protestantes y Monarcómacos

Stephen Junius Brutus, Vindiciae contra Tyrannos: Del poder legítimo del príncipe sobre el pueblo y el pueblo sobre el príncipe [1579], primer capitulo.

http://www.amazon.es/Vindiciae-contra-Tyrannos-leg%C3%ADtimo-Pensamiento/dp/8430947124

Agosto 13 Democracia como Consociatio Universalis

Johannes Althusius, La Política [1603], capítulos I, XVIII-XX, XXXVIII.

http://www.intercodex.com/libros/la-politica-metodicamente-concebida-e-ilustrada-con-ejemplos-sagrados-y-profanos/9788425908606/

Agosto 20 Democracia y Iusnaturalismo

Thomas Hobbes, De Cive [1651], capitulo X.

Agosto 27 Spinoza o de la democracia como libertad

Baruch Spinoza, Tratado teológica-político [1670], capitulo XVI.

Septiembre 3 Las origines de los principios liberales modernos

John Locke, Segundo tratado sobre el gobierno civil [1689], capítulos 9-11, 18.

https://sociologia1unpsjb.files.wordpress.com/2008/03/locke-seleccion-segundo-tratado.pdf

Septiembre 10 Democracia como separación de poderes

John Montesquieu, El espíritu de las leyes [1748,] libros 1 y 3.

Septiembre 24 Democracia como soberanía popular

Jean-Jacques Rousseau, El contrato social [1762], libro III.

Octubre 1 La revolución francesa y el gobierno popular

Maximilien Robespierre, Sobre los principios de moral política [1794].

http://www.google.cl/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=1&ved=0CCwQFjAA&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.omegalfa.es%2Fdownloadfile.php%3Ffile%3Dlibros%2Fsobre-los-principios-de-moral-politica.pdf&ei=MOzVUbP-GOjKiwLMmoCIAw&usg=AFQjCNHPCL15o0yx4mi0ix3Bw03Ec8IO4w&sig2=mCATiGLAOQQH-DURQfvjVQ&bvm=bv.48705608,d.cGE

Octubre 8 Kant y el Estado de derecho público

Immanuel Kant, La paz perpetua [1795].

http://www.biblioteca.org.ar/libros/89929.pdf

Octubre 15 Perfiles del liberalismo

Benjamin Constant, De la libertad de los antiguos comparada con la de los modernos [1819].

Octubre 22 El modelo de democracia americana

Alexis de Tocqueville, La democracia en América [1835-40], Libro II, capitulos 5-6.

Octubre 29 Democracia como autogobierno de los productores

Karl Marx, La guerra civil en Francia [1871], capitulo 3.

http://www.marxists.org/espanol/m-e/1870s/gcfran/guer.htm#s3

Karl Marx, Critica del programa de Gotha [1875].

http://www.marxists.org/espanol/m-e/1870s/gotha/gothai.htm

Noviembre 5 Leninismo y dictadura del proletariado

Vladimir Ilic Lenin, El estado y la revolucion [1917], capitulos 1 y 5.

http://www.marxists.org/espanol/lenin/obras/1910s/estyrev/

Noviembre 12 El poder de las Elites

Gaetano Mosca, Elementos de ciencia política [1895], capitulo II.

http://americo.usal.es/iberoame/sites/default/files/Laclasepolitica.pdf

Joseph Schumpeter, Capitalismo, socialismo y democracia [1942], capitulo XXII.

Noviembre 19 Soberanía y Estado de excepción

Carl Schmitt, El concepto de lo político [1932].

http://www.laeditorialvirtual.com.ar/pages/CarlSchmitt/CarlSchmitt_ElConceptoDeLoPolitico.htm

Lecturas recomendadas :

Böckenfórde, E.W. Estudios sobre el Estado de Derecho y la Democracia. Madrid: Trotta, 2000.

Dahl, R. La democracia y sus críticos, Barcelona: Paidós, 1993.

Lijphart, A. Modelos de democracia, Barcelona: Ariel, 2000.

Sartori, G. “Democracia”. Elementos de Teoría Política, Madrid: Alianza Universal Textos, 1992.

Macpherson, C.B. La democracia liberal y su época, Madrid: Alianza, 1987.

Held, D. Modelos de democracia, Madrid: Alianza, 1991.

Touraine, A., ¿Qué es la democracia?, Buenos Aires: FCE, 1995.

January 2013

La Globalización

(Nuevo orden social y su vínculo con los sectores sociales )

2013

Magister: Acción Social en Escenarios Latino Americanos Complejos. Visiones Multidisciplinarias Facultad de Ciencias Socialies Universidad Central.

 

Profesor: Marcello Musto

Periodo: martes16:00 – 19:00

Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Programa de Clases y lecturas

Abril 23 Introduccion al Curso

Abril 30 Globalización: pasado y presente

Mayo 7 Una mapa de los problemas

Mayo 14 Las instituciones de la Globalización

Mayo 28 La economia globalizada

Junio 4 Globalización y precariedadlaboral

Junio 11 Desarrollo o decrescimiento?

 Junio 18 Globalización y pobreza

Junio 25 El debate sobre el destino del E stado - nación

Julio2 Globalización como occidentalizacion

Julio 9 Apologeticos y criticos

Julio 16 Los varios rostros del anti-globalismo

Julio 23 Trabajo Social, cuestion social y globalizacion

Julio 30 Globalizacion: tensiones y desafiospara el Trabajo Social

Agosto 6 Consideraciones Finales

January 2013

GS/POLS 6055 – GS/SPTH 6219 3.0 M (W)

From Hegel to Marx

Winter 2012

Course Director: Marcello Musto

Lecture Time: Tue 17:30-20.30

Class Location: Ross Building, S 674

Office Location: Ross Building, N 813 Office Hours: Tue 15:30-16:30 / Thu 19:00-20:00

Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Phone: 416 – 736 2100, Ext. 20241

Course Syllabus

The course will examine some of the most important writings of the major German authors of the first half of the Nineteenth Century, who transformed irreversibly the philosophical and the political thought. The first part of the seminar will focus on two of Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel's main works: the Phenomenology of the Spirit and the Elements of the Philosophy of Right, which will also be considered in relation to the most important Marxist secondary literature on Hegel written in German (Herbert Marcuse, György Lukács and Ernst Bloch) and writings that played a big role in the French controversy on the relation between Hegel and Karl Marx ( Alexandre Kojève and Jean Hyppolite).

The course will then concentrate on some of the key members of the Left Hegelian school, in particular Bruno Bauer, Ludwig Feuerbach, Marx and Max Stirner, through the analysis of their most influential works (among them Feuerbach's The Essence of Christianity and Principles of Philosophy of the Future; Marx's Economic-Philosophical Manuscripts of 1844 and The German Ideology - written with Engels; and Stirner's The Ego and Its Own). In addition one will take up some of the debates of the time, like those on the critique of Christianity, the critique of the speculative thought, the overturning of Hegelian philosophy, materialism, atheism, and the role of the individual.

The main aim of the seminar will be reconstructing the elaboration of Marx's thought in its early stages. The path "from Hegel to Marx" will be investigated not solely philosophically but through an inter-disciplinary approach, i.e., analyzing the philosophical writings of the time, but vis-à-vis with Marx's discovery of political economy and Socialism. Therefore, besides philosophical and political themes like species-being, human emancipation, and the relation between State and civil society, one will discuss other significant theoretical acquisitions by Marx, like the critique of alienated labour, the understanding of the revolutionary role of the proletariat, the adhesion to Communism, and the development of a materialist conception of history. This will be facilitated by highlighting Marx's decisive encounter with political economy - first through the writings of Friedrich Engels, Moses Hess and Pierre-Joseph Proudhon, and then Adam Smith and David Ricardo -, and by examining the influence that the early Socialists Henri de Saint Simon, Charles Fourier and Robert Owen had on the development of his ideas.

The final class of the course will look critically at the most influential Marxist writings published in the 1960s and 1970s on the "young Marx" versus "mature Marx" debate, revealing some of their textual limitations and interpretative mystifications. This will be pursued by through attention to the latest philological acquisitions related to Marx's works (the Economic-Philosophical Manuscripts of 1844 and The German Ideology will be reconsidered on the basis of their new editions) and the most recent secondary literature on the Left Hegelians.

 Course Requirements

Class Participation:

This course is taught in weekly seminars lasting 2 hours and 50 minutes. Attendance is strongly recommended and students are expected to participate actively in class discussion.

Presentation:

Each class will begin with a student presentation (20 - 30 minutes) on the assigned readings. Please avoid just reading a paper aloud, and try to draw the attention of the class to issues on which the presenter would like class discussion and comment.

Final Paper Proposal:

Students are free to propose their own final paper topic, but it must be related to the topics and the readings of the course syllabus. The final paper proposal should be 3-4 pages and include the following information:

- Indication of the title;

- Preliminary outline of the paper and its problematic;

- 6-8 keywords concerning the themes and concepts to be addressed;

- A bibliography of at least 8-10 sources consulted;

Final paper proposals will be due by 13 March, in hard copy and by email.

Final Paper:

The Final Paper, approved through the Final Paper Proposal, will be due in hard copy and by email 27 April and should:

- be approximately 5,000 words;

- be clearly structured (divided in at least 3 or 4 sections);

- have references from hard copy books with the indication of page numbers (no references from the internet other than published works).

Access to Readings:

The reading list has been organized as follows: each topic specifies a number of Required Readings. These are the minimum which you should read every week in order to be able to participate fully in the seminar discussions. You can go deeper into the topic using the Additional Readings, and you should do so with at least a couple of them when you prepare your presentations.

The volumes G. W. F. Hegel, Phenomenology of Spirit, OUP 1980, G. W. F. Hegel, Outlines of the Philosophy of Right, OUP 2008, and K. Marx, Early Writings (Penguin, 1992) have been ordered for the bookstore.

The writings of Marx and Engels published in the Marx-Engels Collected Works (50 volumes, 1975-2005) are available online at http://www.marxists.org/archive/marx/works/cw/index.htm.

Many of the required readings are available on-line (more information could be found at www.marcellomusto.com); while the following books are on reserve at Scott library:

Adam Schaff , Alienation as a Social Phenomenon , Pergamon Press 1980.

Iring Fetscher, Marx and Marxism, Seabury Pr 1971.

Ernest Mandel, The Formation of the Economic Thought of Karl Marx, 1843 to Capital, Monthly Review Press 1971.

David McNally, Against the Market: Political Economy, Market Socialism and the Marxist Critique, Verso 1996.

Henri de Saint Simon, Selected writings on science, industry and social organisation, Croom Helm, 1975.

Eric Hobsbawm, How to Change the World: Tales of Marx and Marxism, Little Brown 1982.

Max Stirner,The Ego and Its Own, CUP 1995.

Terrell Carver, The Postmodern Marx, Pennstate 1998.

Karl Löwith, From Hegel to Nietzsche, Columbia University Press 1964.

Michael Lowy, The Theory of Revolution in the Young Marx, Haymarket 2005.

McLellan, Marx before Marxism, Palgrave Macmillan 1970.

Auguste Cornu, Karl Marx et Friedrich Engels . Leur vie et leur oeuvre, PUF 1955-1970 (4 voll.)

Norman Levine, Divergent Paths, Lexington 2006.

L.S. Stepelevich (ed.), The Young Hegelians. An Anthology, CUP 1983.

David Leopold, The Young Karl Marx, Cambridge University Press 2007.

Jean Hyppolite , Studies on Marx and Hegel, Harper & Row 1969.

Alexandre Kojève, Introduction to the Reading of Hegel: Lectures on the Phenomenology of Spirit, Cornell University Press, 1980.

György Lukács , The Young Hegel , Merlin Press 1975.

Herbert Marcuse, Reason and Revolution: Hegel and the Rise of Social Theory, Humanity Books, 1999.

Herbert Marcuse, Hegel's Ontology and Theory of Historicity, The MIT Press, 1989.

 Darren Webb, Marx, Marxism and Utopia, Ashgate 2000.

Vincent Geoghegan, Utopianism and Marxism, Peter Lang 2008 [1987].

Ernst Bloch's Subjekt-Objekt. Erläuterungen zu Hegel has yet to be translated. Two chapters of the book have been published in academic journals (“Dialectics and Hope,” translated by Mark Ritter in New German Critique in 1976 and “The Dialectical Method,” translated by John Lamb in Man and World in 1983), but, unfortunately, the work as a whole remains unknown to the English-speaking world.

Bruno Bauer's Die Judenfrage has never been published in English. Nevertheless, a translation of this work was made by Helen Lederer( The Jewish Question, typescript dated 1958). A copy of this manuscript, held by the Hebrew Union College - Jewish Institute of Religion, Cincinnati - Ohio, has been photocopied for this class and it is now on reserve at Scott Library.

Course Evaluation

Class Participation

20%

2 Presentations 15% each

30%

Final paper proposal

10%

Final paper

40%

Schedule of Classes and Readings

Jan 3 Introduction and overview

Jan 10 In the beginning there was Hegel

Required Readings:

Karl Löwith, From Hegel to Nietzsche, Columbia University Press, 1964 [1941] (Chapter 1).

Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, Phenomenology of the Spirit [1807] (the following parts: Preface, Introduction, Chapter IV on 'Self-consciousness', and Chapter VIII on 'Absolute Knowing').

Karl Marx, Economic-Philosophical Manuscripts of 1844 [1844](section: 'Critique of Hegel’s Philosophy in General').

Additional Readings: 

Karl Rosenkranz, Hegels Leben, WBG 1998 [1844].

Herbert Marcuse, Hegel's Ontology and Theory of Historicity, The MIT Press 1989 [1932].

Herbert Marcuse, Reason and Revolution: Hegel and the Rise of Social Theory, Humanity Books 1999 [1941].

György Lukács , The Young Hegel , Merlin Press 1975 [1938] (Part IV, Chapter 4: ‘Entäusserung’ as the central philosophical concept of The Phenomenology of Mind).

Alexandre Kojève, Introduction to the Reading of Hegel: Lectures on the Phenomenology of Spirit, Cornell University Press 1980 [1947] (especially 169-289).

Ernst Bloch, Subjekt-Objekt. Erläuterungen zu Hegel, Suhrkamp, 1962 [1949].

Jean Hyppolite , Studies on Marx and Hegel, Harper & Row, 1969 [1955].

http://www.scribd.com/doc/24765650/Studies-on-Marx-and-Hegel-Jean-Hyppolite

Theodor W. Adorno, Hegel: Three Studies, The MIT Press, 1993 [1963].

http://www.scribd.com/doc/28370870/Adorno-Hegel-Three-Studies

Norman Levine, Divergent Paths, Lexington 2006.

Jan 17 Hegel and Marx on State and civil society

Required Readings:

Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, Elements of the Philosophy of Right (§ 261-313) [1820].

Karl Marx, Critique of Hegel's Philosophy of Right [1843].

Additional Readings:

Karl Marx, “Letter to his father (November 10, 1837)”

Gordon Hull, "Marx's anomalous reading of Spinoza", Interpretation, Vol. 28, n. 1(1999), pp. 17-31.

Maximilien Rubel – Margaret Manale, Marx Without Myth: AChronological Study of His Life and Work, Blackwell 1975.

David McLellan, Karl Marx: his life and thought, Palgrave 2006.

Hal Draper, The Marx-Engels Chronicle, Schoken Books 1985.

 Marcello Musto, "The Rediscovery of Karl Marx", International Review of Social History, Vol. 52 part 3, (2007), pp. 477-498.

Jan 24 Bauer and Marx on the Jewish question

Required Readings:

David Leopold, The Young Karl Marx, Cambridge University Press, 2007 (Chapter 3, pp. 100-182).

Bruno Bauer, The Jewish Problem [1842].

Karl Marx, On the Jewish Question [1844].

Friedrich Engels - Karl Marx, The Holy family [1845] (Chapter 6: Absolute Critical Criticism, Or Critical Criticism As Herr Bruno).

Additional Readings:

L.S. Stepelevich (ed.), The Young Hegelians. An Anthology, CUP 1983.

http://books.google.ie/books/about/The_Young_Hegelians_an_anthology.html?id=0X86AAAAIAAJ

Auguste Cornu, Karl Marx et Friedrich Engels . Leur vie et leur oeuvre, Puf 1955-1970.

David McLellan, Marx before Marxism, Palgrave Macmillan 1970 (Chapters 1-3).

Jan 31 Marx's encounter with political economy

Required Readings:

Karl Marx,"Proceedings of the Sixth Rhine Province Assembly, third article, ' Debates on the Law on Thefts of Wood'" [1842].

Karl Marx,“Contribution to a Critique of Hegel’s Philosophy of Right. Introduction” [1844].

Friedrich Engels, "Outlines of a Critique of Political Economy" [1844].

Moses Hess, "The Essence of Money" [1845]

Required Readings:

http://www.marxists.org/archive/hess/1845/essence-money.htm

Pierre-Joseph Proudhon, What is property? (Chapter 2) [1840].

http://www.gutenberg.org/ebooks/360

Karl Marx,"Critical Notes on the Article 'The King of Prussia and Social Reform. By a Prussian'" [1844].

Additional Readings:

Karl Marx,Letters from the Deutsch-Französische Jahrbücher [1844].

Adam Smith, An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations [1776] (Book I, Chapters: I 'Of the Division of Labor'; VIII 'Of the Wages of Labour'; and IX 'Of the Profits of Stock').

David Ricardo, On the Principles of Political Economy and Taxation [1817] (Chapters: 1 'On value'; 2 'On rent'; 5 'Of wages'; 6 'On profit').

Friedrich Engels, The Condition of the Working Class in England [1845].

Daniel Bensaid, Les dépossédés. Karl Marx, les voleurs de bois e le droit des pauvres, La fabrique éditions, 2007.

Michael Lowy, The Theory of Revolution in the Young Marx, Haymarket, 2005.

Feb 7 Feuerbach and the passage from speculative philosophy to materialism

Required Readings:

Karl Löwith, From Hegel to Nietzsche, (Chapter 2: pp. 65-110).

Ludwig Feuerbach, "Towards a Critique of Hegel’s Philosophy" [1839].

http://marxists.org/reference/archive/feuerbach/works/critique/index.htm

Ludwig Feuerbach, "Preliminary Theses on the Reform of Philosophy" [1843].

http://books.google.ca/books?id=b2js6q67YEUC&pg=PA42&lpg=PA42&dq=feuerbach+Preliminary+Theses+on+the+Reform+of+Philosophy&source=bl&ots=I8V9AkxdPR&sig=Xs89TF2WVIJY7sPXNQYquMb8Vc4&hl=en&ei=L8JZTo3NAtPegQepyKSVDA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=3&ved=0CCoQ6AEwAg#v=onepage&q=feuerbach%20Preliminary%20Theses%20on%20the%20Reform%20of%20Philosophy&f=false

Ludwig Feuerbach, Principles of Philosophy of the Future [1844].

 http://marxists.org/reference/archive/feuerbach/works/future/index.htm

Karl Marx,Theses on Feuerbach [1845].

Additional Readings:

Ludwig Feuerbach, The Essence of Christianity [1841].

http://marxists.org/reference/archive/feuerbach/works/essence/index.htm

Friedrich Engels, Ludwig Feuerbach and the End of Classical German Philosophy [1886].

Feb 14 Marx I. Alienated labour

Required Readings:

Marcello Musto, 'Marx in Paris. Manuscripts and notebooks of 1844', Science & Society, Vol. 73, n. 3 (July 2009): 386-402.

Jürgen Rojahn, 'The emergence of a theory: the importance of Marx’s notebooks exemplified by those from 1844', Rethinking Marxism, Vol. 14, n. 4 (2002): 29-46.

Karl Marx, Economic-Philosophical Manuscripts of 1844 [1844](especially the sections: 'Estranged Labour', 'The Relationship of Private Property', 'Private Property and Labour', and 'Private Property and Communism').

Karl Marx, "Comments on James Mill, Éléments d’économie Politique" [1844].

Additional Readings:

Marcello Musto, “Revisiting Marx’s Concept of Alienation”, Socialism and Democracy, Vol. 24, n. 3 (November 2010): 79-101.

Terrell Carver, Marx's conception of alienation in the 'Grundrisse', in Marcello Musto (ed.), Karl Marx’s Grundrisse. Foundations of the critique of political economy 150 years later, Routledge, 2008 (pp. 48-66).

Michael Maidan, "The Rezeptionsgeschichte of the Paris Manuscripts ", History of European Ideas, Vol. 12 (1990), pp. 767–781.

Feb 28 Marx II. The birth of the materialist conception of history

Required Readings:

Karl Marx, 'Preface to A Contribution to the Critique of Political Economy' [1859].

Terrell Carver “The German Ideology Never Took Place”, History of Political Thought, Vol. 31 (1), pp. 107-127.

Friedrich Engels - Karl Marx, The German Ideology (Chapters I: “Feuerbach: Opposition of the Materialist and Idealist Outlooks”, and II: 'Saint Bruno') [1845-46].

Additional Readings:

Terrell Carver, The Postmodern Marx, Pennstate 1998 (pp. 87-118).

Tadashi Shibuya, Editorial problems in establishing a new edition of 'The German Ideology', in Hiroshi Uchida (ed.), Marx for the 21st century, Routledge 2006 (pp. 193-200).

Takahisa Oishi, The unknown Marx, Pluto 2001 (pp. 179-188).

Mar 6 Stirner, or the nihilism of the critique

Required Readings:

Max Stirner,The Ego and Its Own [1844], CUP 1995 (pp. 89-324).

http://www.lsr-projekt.de/poly/enee.html

Friedrich Engels - Karl Marx, The German Ideology [1845-46] (Chapter III: 'Saint Max').

Additional Readings:

Ludwig Feuerbach and Max Stirner on Atheism

http://www.lsr-projekt.de/poly/enfeuerbach.html

David Leopold, 'Introduction" in Max Stirner,The Ego and Its Own, CUP 1995, pp. xi-xxxii.

Mar 13 The early Socialists and their influence on Marx

Required Readings:

Eric Hobsbawm, How to Change the World: Tales of Marx and Marxism (chapter 2: 'Marx, Engels and Pre-Marxian socialism').

Karl Marx, Plan of the “Library of the Best Foreign Socialist Writers” [1845].

http://www.marxists.org/archive/marx/works/1845/03/writers.htm

Friedrich Engels - Karl Marx, The German Ideology (Volume II: Critique of German Socialism According to Its Various Prophets).

Henri de Saint Simon, Selected writings on science, industry and social organisation, Croom Helm, 1975 (Part III: "From the government of men to the administration of things (1817-1820)", pp. 157-222).

Charles Fourier, 'The Phalanstery' (Fragment I).

http://marxists.org/reference/archive/fourier/works/ch20.htm

Charles Fourier, 'The Phalanstery' (Fragment II).

http://marxists.org/reference/archive/fourier/works/ch27.htm

Charles Fourier, 'Attractive Labour'.

http://marxists.org/reference/archive/fourier/works/ch26.htm

Robert Owen, A New View of Society (Essay Two: 'The Principles of the Former Essay continued, and applied in part to Practice', and Essay Four: 'The end of government is to make the governed and the governors happy').

http://marxists.org/reference/subject/economics/owen/index.htm#new-view

Friedrich Engels – Karl Marx, Manifesto of the Communist Party (Chap. III: 'Socialist and Communist Literature').

http://www.marxists.org/archive/marx/works/1848/communist-manifesto/index.htm

Additional Readings:

Carl Landauer, European Socialism, (Chapter I: 'The Three Anticapitalistic Movement', sections 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5) pp. 21-59.

George D.H. Cole, Socialist Thought, Volume I: The Forerunners 1789-1850, (Chapters IV: 'Saint-Simon', VI: 'Fourier and Fourierism', IX: 'Owen and Owenism - Earlier Phases'), pp. 37-50, 62-74 and 86-101.

Darren Webb, Marx, Marxism and Utopia, Ashgate 2000.

Vincent Geoghegan, Utopianism and Marxism, Peter Lang 2008 [1987].

Friedrich Engels, "Description of Recently Founded Communist Colonies Still in Existence", and "Rapid Progress of Communism in Germany" (from MECW, vol. 4).

Description of Recently Founded Communist Colonies Still in Existence

Rapid Progress of Communism in Germany

Mar 20 Which kind of Socialism? Marx versus Proudhon

Required Readings:

Pierre-Joseph Proudhon, System of Economical Contradictions; or, the Philosophy of Misery [1846] (From the English translation the chapters: "Introduction", I. "Of the economic science", and from the original French edition the chapters IX. "La Communauté", and X. "Conclusion").

http://www.gutenberg.org/ebooks/444

http://classiques.uqac.ca/classiques/Proudhon/systeme_contr_eco/systeme_contr_eco.html (pp. 129-155 of the PDF file)

Friedrich Engels - Karl Marx, The Holy Family [1845] (Chapter IV, § 4 "Proudhon").

Karl Marx, The Poverty of Philosophy [1847](Chapter II: 'The Metaphysics of Political Economy').

Karl Marx,"Letter to Pavel Vasilyevich Annenkov (December 28, 1846)".

Additional Readings:

Pierre-Joseph Proudhon, General Idea of the Revolution in the Nineteenth Century (Chap. III: 'The Principle of Association', and Chap. VI: section 3: 'Division of Labour, Collective Forces, Machines, Workingmen’s Associations')

http://fair-use.org/p-j-proudhon/general-idea-of-the-revolution/

Karl Marx, On Proudhon

http://www.marxists.org/archive/marx/works/1865/letters/65_01_24.htm

David McNally, Against the Market: Political Economy, Market Socialism and the Marxist Critique, Verso 1996 (Chapter 5: 'Proudhon Did Enormous Mischief': Marx's Critique of the First Market Socialists'), pp. 139-169.

Mar 27 The myth of the "young Marx"

Required Readings:

Marcello Musto, "The myth of the 'young Marx' in the interpretations of the Economic and Philosophic Manuscripts of 1844" [forthcoming 2012].

Ernest Mandel, The Formation of the Economic Thought of Karl Marx, 1843 to Capital, Monthly Review Press 1971 [1967] (Chapter X).

Louis Althusser, For Marx, Verso 2005 [1965] (Chapter 2: 'On the Young Marx').

http://www.marx2mao.com/Other/FM65i.html

Louis Althusser, Essays in Self-Criticism, New Left Books 1976 ('Reply to John Lewis' - 1973; and 'Elements of Self-Criticism' - 1974).

http://www.marx2mao.com/Other/ESC76NB.html

István Mészáros, Marx's Theory of Alienation [1970].

http://www.marxists.org/archive/meszaros/works/alien/index.htm

Adam Schaff , Alienation as a Social Phenomenon , Pergamon Press 1980 [1977] (Part I: 'Marxism and the theory of alienation').

Bertell Ollman, Alienation: Marx's conception of man in capitalist society, CUP 1971 (Chapters 1-4, 18-22).

http://www.nyu.edu/projects/ollman/books/a.php

Iring Fetscher, Marx and Marxism, Seabury Pr 1971 [1967] (Chapter 1 and the Appendix I).

Additional Readings:

Marcello Musto, 'The Formation of Marx’s Critique of Political Economy: From the Studies of 1843 to the Grundrisse', Socialism & Democracy, Vol. 24 n. 3 (July 2010): 66-100.

January 2012

AS/POLS 3020 3.0 M (W)

Utopia, Power and Sovereignty

Winter 2012

Course Director: Marcello Musto

Lecture Time: Thu 16:00 – 19:00

Class Location: ACW 303

Office Location: Ross Building, N 813 Office Hour: Tue 15:30-16:30 / Thu 19:00-20:00

Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Phone: 416 – 736 2100, Ext. 20241

Course Syllabus

This course will examine, drawing on an interdisciplinary approach, the major developments in European political thought of the Sixteenth century. The first two lectures will offer an overview of the historical, productive and social characteristics of the principal European countries of the time, analyzing, in particular, the colonization of the Americas and its effects, structural changes of economy, and demographic, cultural and religious trends.

The central part of the course will concentrate on theories related to the rise of the modern state. The formation of the modern state will be analyzed through the works written in the midst of the most important political and cultural occurrences of the century: the Italian Renaissance, the Protestant reformation, and the French Wars of Religion. These three events resulted in: I) the development of a firm distinction between morality and politics, with the primacy of the latter (Machiavelli and Botero); II) the elaboration of a doctrine of the State in service of the "true religion" (Luther, Calvin, the Monarchomachs, Suarez); and III) the making of a theory of sovereignty as a remedy to the upheavals of the epoch (Bodin).

In addition to these authors, special attention will be given to the voices of protest of some of the major Christian humanists, social reformers and political philosophers of the period, in particular More, Campanella, Bacon, de las Casas and Althusius.

Course Requirements

Class Participation:

This course is taught in weekly lectures lasting 2 hours and 50 minutes. Attendance and informed participation (students are expected complete the assignment readings on time) at all classes is strongly required.

Midterm Examination:

A Midterm Exam will be held on February 16 at the regular class time and place. The exam will last 75 minutes and it will consist of answering 3 questions drawn from the readings assigned until that date.

Final Paper:

The final paper has to be related to the authors and the writings read during the course (papers with a critical analysis of the authors included in the readings, or with a comparison among their different conceptions, are the most welcome).

The Final Paper should:

- be approximately 5000 words, including footnotes and bibliography (roughly 20 pages double spaced 12 pt. 'Times New Roman' font);

- be clearly structured (divided in at least 3/4 sections), and written with rigorous evidence;

- be argued with documentation from a critical sources (1-2 books and/or articles per page is a good rule of thumb). These sources may include some of the assigned readings, but must also evidence original research.

- have references from hard copy books with the indication of page numbers. Papers with references from internet - unless they are truly necessary - will be penalized.

Final papers will be due 5 April, in hard copy and by email. Late assignment will be penalized.

Warning: the paper must be entirely your own work. No plagiarism.

Access to Readings:

Many of the required readings are available on-line (more information on them could be found at www.marcellomusto.com). Giovanni Botero, The Reason of State (Routledge 1956) is on reserve at Scott library; while the following books have been ordered for the bookstore:

Euan Cameron (ed.), The Sixteenth Century (Oxford 2006).

P. Bondanella - M. Musa (eds), The Portable Machiavelli (Penguin).

Martin Luther- John Calvin, On Secular Authority (Cambridge University Press).

Thomas More, Utopia (Penguin).

Jean Bodin, On Sovereignty: Six Books Of The Commonwealth (CreateSpace).

Johannes Althusius, Politica (Liberty Fund Inc.).

Useful Links on the XVI Century:

Timeline:

http://chowkafat.net/Chron/Chron9e.html

http://www.magicdragon.com/UltimateSF/timeline16.html

http://www.fsmitha.com/time/ce16.htm

Maps:

http://www.emersonkent.com/maps_by_year_from_1501.htm

Inventions and technological and scientific discoveries:

http://inventors.about.com/od/timelines/a/Sixteenth.htm

Literature:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/16th_century_in_literature

Life in the XVI Century:

http://www.answerbag.com/q_view/2072677

http://www.lepg.org/sixteen.htm

http://www.localhistories.org/tudor.html

A Chronology of Slavery, Abolition, and Emancipation in the Sixteenth Century:

http://www.brycchancarey.com/slavery/chrono3.htm

Recommended Books on European History:

http://early-moderneurope.blogspot.com/2008/09/list-of-recommended-books.html

Course Evaluation

Class Participation

20%

Mid Term Exam

30%

Final paper

50%

Mid-term class participation marks will be available, if necessary, by email the week of 27 February.

Schedule of Classes and Readings

Jan 5 Introduction and Overview

Jan 12 The Socio-historical Origins of European Modern Thought

Euan Cameron (ed.), The Sixteenth Century, pp. 19-57, 89-115 ('Introduction' by Euan Cameron and Chapters: 1. 'The Economy' by Tom Scott, and 3. 'Society' by Christopher Black).

Jan 19 The Primacy of Politics

Peter Bondanella - Mark Musa, Introduction: An Essay on Machiavelli, pp. 9-40.

Niccolò Machiavelli, The Prince [1532], pp. 77-166.

http://www.gutenberg.org/files/1232/1232-h/1232-h.htm

Jan 26 The Protestant Reformation

Harro Höpfl, Introduction, and Glossary, pp. vii-xxiii and xxxii-xxxviii

Martin Luther, On Secular Authority [1523], pp. 3-43.

Feb 2 The Clerical State

Harro Höpfl, Glossary, pp. xxxviii-xliii.

John Calvin, Institutes of the Christian Religion [1536] (Book Fourth, chapters: 2 'Comparison between the false church and the true', 11 'Of the jurisdiction of the church, and the abuses of it, as exemplified in the papacy', and 20 'Of civil government') [The latter is included in Martin Luther - John Calvin, On Secular Authority, Cambridge University Press, pp. 47-86]

http://www.ccel.org/ccel/calvin/institutes.toc.html

Feb 9 Utopianism I

Paul Turner, Introduction, pp. xi-xxiv.

Thomas More, Utopia [1516], pp. 1-117.

Feb 16 Utopianism II

Tommaso Campanella, The city of the sun [1602].

http://ebooks.adelaide.edu.au/c/campanella/tommaso/c18c/

Francis Bacon, The new atlantis [1626].

http://oregonstate.edu/instruct/phl302/texts/bacon/atlantis.html

Mar 1 The Colonization and its Effects

Bartolomé De las Casas, A Brief Account of the Destruction of the Indies [1552].

http://www.gutenberg.org/cache/epub/20321/pg20321.html

Mar 8 T he Monarchomachs and the right to resistance

Stephen Junius Brutus, A Defense of Liberty Against Tyrants [1579].

http://www.lonang.com/exlibris/misc/1579-vct.htm

Francisco Suarez, Defense of the Catholic and Apostolic Faith against the Errors of Anglicanism [1613] (Book 3, chapters: 1, 2, 5, 22 and 23).

http://www.aristotelophile.com/Books/Translations/Suarez%20Defense%203.pdf

Mar 15 The Birth of the Modern Concept of Sovereignty

M. J. Tooley, Introduction, pp. 9-42.

Jean Bodin, The Six Books of the Commonwealth [1576] (Book I, pp. 43-90, except chapter IX-XVII: pp. 76-79; Book III, pp. 117-147, Book VI, pp. 221-251).

Mar 22 The Science of the State

Giovanni Botero, The Reason of State [1589] (Books I, II, III, IV and VII).

Mar 29 Politics as Consociatio Universalis

Johannes Althusius, Politica [1603] (Abridged translation of Politics Methodically Set Forth, and Illustrated with Sacred and Profane Examples], pp. 12-203 (except chapters IX-XVII: pp. 61-86 and chapters XXVIII-XXXVII: pp. 154-184).

http://oll.libertyfund.org/index.php?option=com_staticxt&staticfile=show.php%3Ftitle=692&layout=html

January 2012

GS/POLS 6060 3.0 M (W) – GS/SPTH 6200 3.0

Appropriating Marx’s Capital I

Winter 2011

Course Director: Dr. Marcello Musto

Lecture Time: Tue, 17:30 – 20.30

Class Location: Ross Building, S674

Office Location: 620 Atkinson College Office Hours: Tue. 15:30-16:30

Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Phone: 416 – 736 2100 - Ext. 20241

Course Syllabus

Two decades after 1989, when he was too hastily consigned to oblivion, Karl Marx has returned to the limelight. In the last few years Capital has not only received the attention of university professors, but has also been the focus of widespread interest prompted by the international financial crisis, as leading daily and weekly papers throughout the world have been discussing the contemporary relevance of its pages. Furthermore, the literature dealing with Marx, which all but dried up 20 years ago, is showing signs of revival in many countries; and there are now, once again, many international conferences and university courses dedicated to his analysis of capitalism. Though among the most important books of the last 150 years, Marx’s Capital nevertheless represents an incomplete project. Marx himself was only able to publish the first volume (1867) in his lifetime; volumes two (1885) and three (1894) were prepared for publication by Friedrich Engels. Moreover, after Engels’ death, many of Capital’s preparatory manuscripts were published by others still, some of which provided valuable further elucidations of Marx’s theoretical project, sometimes significantly changing previous interpretations (e.g., the Grundrisse, published by the Marx-Engels-Lenin Institute of Moscow in 1939, and translated into English only in 1973).

The first part of this course aims to reconstruct all the stages of Marx’s critique of political economy (starting from Economic-Philosophical Manuscripts of 1844), and, particularly, the making of Capital, Volume I through its various preparatory drafts, like the Grundrisse (the interpretation of which will be emphasized), the Theories of Surplus Value and the 'Results of the Immediate Process of Production', better known as the 'Unpublished Chapter VI'.

The second part of the seminar will be dedicated to a close reading of Capital, Volume I, with particular attention to the following topics: a) the transformation of money into capital; b) the analysis of absolute and relative surplus-value; c) the primitive accumulation of capital; and d) Marx's conception of post-capitalistic society as it appears in the most political sections of his opus magnum.

The final class of the course will look critically at the readings of Capital elaborated by some of the main schools of Marxism of the Twentieth Century, and consider the most important works published in recent years on the continuing relevance of Marx’s Capital for an understanding of the contemporary world and its problems.

Course Requirements and evaluation

Class Participation

30%

Presentation (30 min.)

10%

Presentation Essay (1500 – 2000 words)

15%

Final paper (5000 words)

45%

Starting January 18, each class will begin with a 30 minute student presentation. The presentation essay is due (in hard copy and electronic copy) one week after the presentation, so that they can be eventually revised according to the class discussion.

The final paper will be an essay addressing one of the problematic of the course and will be due 18 April, in hard copy and also by email.

Access to Readings:

The reading list has been organized as follows: each topic specifies a number of Required Readings. These are the minimum which you should read every week in order to be able to participate fully in the seminar discussions. You can go deeper into the topic using the Additional Readings, and you should certainly do so when you come to prepare your presentation.

The volumes of Marx-Engels Collected Works are available online at http://www.marxists.org/archive/marx/works/cw/index.htm; while the other books and articles indicated in the readings are on reserve at Scott library.

Finally, Karl Marx, Grundrisse (Penguin, 1993), Karl Marx, Capital (Penguin, 1990), and Marcello Musto (ed.), Karl Marx’s Grundrisse. Foundations of the Critique of Political Economy (Routledge, 2008) have been ordered for the bookstore.

A list of additional texts by choice for the last class will be distributed during the course.

 Schedule of Classes and Readings

Jan 4 Introduction and Overview

Jan 11 Different Marxes, Different Marxisms

Required Readings:

Marcello Musto, 'The Rediscovery of Karl Marx', International Review of Social History, vol. 52 part 3, 2007: 477-498.

Eric Hobsbawm, 'The Fortunes of Marx's and Engels' Writings'', in idem, ed., The History of Marxism, Volume 1: Marxism in Marx's day, Harvester 1982.

Additional Readings:

Maximilien Rubel – Margaret Manale, Marx Without Myth: AChronological Study of His Life and Work, Oxford: Blackwell 1975.

David McLellan, Karl Marx: his life and thought, London: Palgrave 2006.

Ernest Mandel, 'Marx, Karl Heinrich', in John Eatwell - Murray Milgate - Peter Newman (eds), The New Palgrave: A Dictionary of Economics, Volume 3 , pp. 367-383.

Hal Draper, The Marx-Engels Chronicle, New York: Schoken Books 1985.

Jan 18 The Formation of the Critique of Political Economy: 1843- 1857

Required Readings:

Marcello Musto, 'The Formation of Marx’s Critique of Political Economy: From the Studies of 1843 to the Grundrisse', Socialism & Democracy, Vol. 24 n. 3 (July 2010): 66-100.

Karl Marx, 'Preface to A Contribution to the Critique of Political Economy' [1859].

Karl Marx, Economic-Philosophical Manuscripts of 1844 (Sections: 'Estranged Labour', 'The Relationship of Private Property', 'Private Property and Labour', 'Private Property and Communism') [1844].

Karl Marx, The Poverty of Philosophy (Chap. II: 'The Metaphysics of Political Economy') [1847].

Karl Marx, “Wage-Labour and Capital” [1849].

Michael Kräetke, 'The First World Economic Crisis: Marx as an Economic Journalist', in Marcello Musto (ed.), Karl Marx’s Grundrisse. Foundations of the Critique of Political Economy 150 Years Later Routledge: 2008, pp. 162-168.

Karl Marx, articles for the New-York Tribune:

'The Economic Crisis in Europe', 'The Trade Crisis in England', 'The Financial Crisis in Europe' from MECW 15; and 'British Commerce and Finance' from MECW 16.

Additional Readings:

Jürgen Rojahn, 'The emergence of a theory: the importance of Marx’s notebooks exemplified by those from 1844', Rethinking Marxism, vol. 14, n. 4 (2002): 29-46.

Marcello Musto, 'Marx in Paris. Manuscripts and notebooks of 1844', Science & Society, Vol. 73, n. 3 (July 2009): 386-402.

Ernest Mandel, The Formation of the Economic Thought of Karl Marx, 1843 to Capital, New York: Monthly Review Press 1971.

Louis Althusser, For Marx, London: Verso 2005 (Chap. 2: 'On the Young Marx')

Allen Oakley, Marx’s Critique of Political Economy. Intellectual Sources and Evolution. Volume I: 1844 to 1860, London: Routledge 1984.

Karl Marx, articles for the New-York Tribune:

'Pauperism and Free Trade – The Approaching Commercial Crisis' from MECW 11; 'Revolution in China and Europe' and 'Political Movements – Scarcity of Bread in Europe' from MECW 12; 'The Commercial Crisis in Britain' from MECW 13; 'The Crisis in England' from MECW 14; 'The French Crédit Mobilier' (I, II and III), 'The Monetary Crisis in Europe', 'The Causes of the Monetary Crisis in Europe', 'The European Crisis', 'The New French Bank Act', 'The Bank Act of 1844 and the Monetary Crisis in England', 'The Crisis in Europe', 'The French Crisis', 'The Economic Crisis in France' and 'The Financial State of France' from MECW 15; 'The English Bank Act of 1844' and 'Commercial Crises and Currency in Britain' from MECW 16.

Jan 25 The '1857 Introduction'

Required Readings:

Karl Marx, Grundrisse ('Introduction'), New York: Penguin 1973, pp. 83-111.

Stuart Hall, 'Marx’s notes on method: A "reading" of the "1857 Introduction"', Cultural Studies, Vol. 17, n. 2 (2003): 113-49.

Marcello Musto, 'History, Production and Method in the 1857 Introduction', in idem, ed., Karl Marx’s Grundrisse. Foundations of the Critique of Political Economy 150 Years Later, pp. 3-32.

Additional Readings:

Terrell Carver, 'Commentary', in idem, ed., Karl Marx: Texts on Method, Oxford: Blackwell 1975, pp. 88-158.

Louis Althusser - Étienne Balibar, Reading Capital, London: Verso 1979.

Feb 1 Capitalism and Earlier Economic Formations

Required Readings:

Karl Marx, Grundrisse ('Forms Which Precede Capitalist Production'), pp. 471-513.

Eric Hobsbawm, Introduction to Karl Marx, Pre-Capitalist Economic Formations, International Publishers: 1965, pp. 9-65.

Ellen Meiksins Wood, Historical Materialism in 'Forms Which Precede Capitalist Production' , in Marcello Musto, ed., Karl Marx's Grundrisse: Foundations of the Critique of Political Economy 150 Years Later , pp. 79-92.

Vv. Aa., 'Dissemination and Reception of the Grundrisse in the World',Marcello Musto, ed., Karl Marx's Grundrisse: Foundations of the Critique of Political Economy (Chap. 12, 13, 14, 15, 17, 18, 21, 23, 24 and 25).

Additional Readings:

Ellen Meiksins Wood, Democracy Against Capitalism, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 1995 ('Introduction' and Chap. 1: 'The Separation of the 'Economic' and the 'Political' in Capitalism), pp. 1-48.

G. A. Cohen, Karl Marx's Theory of History, Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Feb 8 From the Grundrisse to Capital

Required Readings:

Karl Marx, A Contribution to the Critique of Political Economy (Chap. I: 'The Commodity').

Karl Marx, Capital, Volume I ('Preface to the First Edition'; and 'Postface to the French Edition'), pp. 89-93, 105.

Roman Rosdolsky, The Making of Marx’s Capital, London: Pluto 1977 (Chap. 1 and 2).

Joseph O'Malley - Keith Algozin, ed., Rubel on Karl Marx: Five Essays, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 1981.

Moishe Postone, Time, Labor, and Social Domination, Cambridge: Canbridge University Press 1993 (Chap. 1: 'Rethinking Marx's Critique of Capitalism', and Chap. 10: 'Concluding Considerations'), pp. 3-42 and 385-399.

Michael Lebowitz, Beyond Capital, Basingstoke: Palgrave 2003 (Chap. 3: 'The Missing Book on Wage-Labour'), pp. 27-50.

Kevin Anderson, Marx at the Margins, Chicago: University of Chicago Press 2010 (Chap 5: From the Grundrisse to Capital: Multilinear Themes), pp. 151-195.

Additional Readings:

Allen Oakley, Marx’s Critique of Political Economy. Intellectual Sources and Evolution. Volume II: 1861 to 1863, Routledge: 1985.

Allen Oakley, The Making of Marx’s Critical Theory, London: Routledge 1983.

Vytalij Vygoskij, The Story of a Great Discovery: How Karl Marx Wrote 'Capital', Berlin: Verlag der Wirthschaft 1973.

Feb 15 Labour and Capital in the Unpublished 'Chapter VI' of 1863- 1864

Required Readings:

Karl Marx, Capital, Volume I ('Appendix: Results of the Immediate Process of Production'), pp. 948-1084.

Additional Readings:

Ernest Mandel, 'Appendix: Results of the Immediate Process of Production: Introduction', in Karl Marx, Capital, Volume I, pp. 943-947.

Mar 1 The Transformation of Money into Capital

Required Readings:

Karl Marx, Capital, Volume I (Chap. 3: 'Money, or the Circulation of Commodities', sections 1 'The Measure of Values' and 2(a) 'The Means of Circulation: The Mertamorphosis of Commodities'; Part Two: 'The Transformation of Money into Capital' Chap. 7: 'The Labour Process and the Valorization Process'; and Chap. 10: 'The Working Day', section 7 'The Struggle for a Normal Working Day. Impact of the English Factory Legislation on Other Countries'), pp. 188-209, 247-280, 283-308, 411-416.

Additional Readings:

David Harvey, The Limits to Capital, London: Verso 2006 (Chap. 1: 'Commodities, Values and Class Relation'), pp. 1-38.

Ben Fine - Alfredo Saad-Filho, Marx's Capital, London: Pluto Press 2010.

Ernest Mandel, 'Introduction', in Karl Marx, Capital, Volume I, pp. 11-86.

Kevin Anderson, “The Unknown Marx’s Capital, volume I: The French Edition of 1872-75, 100 Years later”, in Review of Radical Political Economy, vol. 15, n.4 (1983), pp. 71-80.

Mar 8 Exploitation and Surplus-Value

Required Readings:

Karl Marx, Capital, Volume I (Chap. 12: 'The Concept of Relative Surplus-Value'; Chap. 14: 'The Division of Labour and Manufacture'; Chap. 15: 'Machinery and Large-Scale Industry', sections 3 'The Most Immediate Effects of Machine Production on the Worker', 4 'The Factory', 5 'The Struggle between Worker and Machine', and 10 'Large-Scale Industry and Agriculture'; and Chap. 16: 'Absolute and Relative Surplus-Value'), pp. 429-438, 455-491, 517-564, 636-639, 643-654.

Additional Readings:

Enrique Dussel, 'The Discovery of the Category of Surplus Value', in Marcello Musto (ed.), Karl Marx’s Grundrisse. Foundations of the Critique of Political Economy 150 Years Later Routledge: 2008, pp. 66-78.

Enrique Dussel, Towards an unknown Marx: A Commentary on the Manuscritps of 1861-1863, New York: Routledge 2001.

Mar 15 Expropriation and Primitive Accumulation of Capital

Required Readings:

Karl Marx, Capital, Volume I (Chap. 25, section 3: 'Progressive Production of a Relative Surplus Population or Industrial Reserve Army'; Part Eight: 'The So-called Primitive Accumulation'), pp. 781-794, 873-940.

Additional Readings:

Karl Marx, Capital, Volume I (Part Seven: 'The Process of Accumulation of Capital'), pp. 711-870.

David Harvey, The New Imperialism, Oxford: Oxford University Press 2005 (Chap. 4: 'Accumulation by Disposition').

Mar 22 Marx's Conception of Socialism in Capital and its Preparatory Manuscripts

Required Readings:

Karl Marx, Grundrisse ('The Fragments on Machines'), New York: Penguin 1973, pp. 690-712.

Karl Marx, Capital, Volume I (Chap. I, section 4: 'The Fetishism of Commodities and the Secret Thereof'; Chap. 10: 'The Working Day', section 5 'The Struggle for a Normal Working Day. Laws for the Compulsory Extension of the Working Day, from the Middle of the Fourteenth to the End of the Seventeenth Century'; and Chap. 13: 'Co-operation'), pp. 163-177, 375-389, 439-454.

Iring Fetscher, 'Emancipated Individuals in an Emancipated Society: Marx's Sketch of Post-Capitalist Society in the Grundrisse', in Marcello Musto(ed.), Karl Marx’s Grundrisse. Foundations of the Critique of Political Economy 150 Years Later Routledge: 2008, pp. 107-119.

Roman Rosdolsky, The Making of Marx’s Capital, London: Pluto 1977 (Chap. XXVIII and XXIX).

Paresh Chattopadhyay, 'The Failure of Twentieth-Century Socialism and Marx’s Continuing Relevance', Socialism and Democracy, vol. 24, n. 3 (2010), pp. 23-45.

Paresh Chattopadhyay, 'Passage to Socialism: The Dialectic of Progress in Marx', Historical Materialism, Vol. 14, n.3 (2006), pp. 45-84.

Michael Lebowitz, Beyond Capital, Basingstoke: Palgrave 2003 (Chap. 11: 'From Capital to the Collective Worker'), pp. 197-210.

Additional Readings:

Karl Marx, Critique of the Gotha Programme.

Karl Marx, 'Letter to Vera Zasulich' (including the drafts) [1881], in MECW 24.

Daniel Bensaid, Marx for Our Times, London: Verso 2002.

Isaak Illich Rubin, Essays on Marx’s Theory of Value, Detroit: Black & Red 1972.

Mar 29 The Current Importance of Marx

Required Readings:

Marcello Musto, ed., Marx for Today (Special Issue of the Journal Socialism and Democracy [vol. 24.3], November 2010), Part II: 'Marx’s Global Reception Today', pp. 147-211.

January 2011

The Formation of Marx’s Critique of Political Economy:

From 1843 to the Grundrisse

Marcello Musto

Nanjing University

30 July – 5 August 2010

3 Hours Lectures and Supervision

Fri 30

Lecture 1: Different Marxes, Different Marxisms: The Odyssey of the Publication of Marx’s Oeuvre

Mon 2

Lecture 2: The Early Marx: From University Life to the Manuscripts and Notebooks of Paris (1835 – 1844)

Tue 3

Lecture 3: On “The German Ideology” and the Materialist conception of History (1845 – 1849)

Wed 4

Lecture 4: The Formation of Marx’s Critique of Political Economy: From the “London Notebooks” to the “Grundrisse” (1850 – 1858)

Thu 5

Lecture 5: Karl Marx’s “Grundrisse”: Dissemination and Reception in the World

June 2010

GS/POLS 6060 3.0 M (F) – GS/SPTH 6200 3.0

Appropriating Marx’s Capital II

Fall 2011

Course Director: Marcello Musto

Lecture Time: Tue, 17:30 – 20.30

Class Location: Ross Building, S 674

Office Location: Ross Building, S 816 Office Hours: Tue. 15:30-16:30

Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Phone: 416 – 736 2100, Ext. 20241

Course Syllabus

Two decades after 1989, when he was too hastily consigned to oblivion, Karl Marx has returned to the limelight. In the last few years Capital has not merely received the attention of university professors, but has also been the focus of widespread interest prompted by the international financial crisis, as leading daily and weekly papers throughout the world have been discussing the contemporary relevance of its pages. Furthermore, the literature dealing with Marx, which all but dried up 20 years ago, is showing signs of revival in many countries; and there are now, once again, many international conferences and university courses dedicated to his analysis of capitalism.

Though among the most important books of the last 150 years, Karl Marx’s Capital nevertheless represents an incomplete project. Marx himself was only able to publish the first volume (1867) in his lifetime; volumes two (1885) and three (1894) were prepared for publication by Friedrich Engels. Moreover, after Engels’ death, many of Capital’s preparatory manuscripts were published by others, still some of which provided valuable further elucidations of Marx’s theoretical project, sometimes significantly changing previous interpretations (e.g., Theories of Surplus Value, edited by Karl Kautsky, in three volumes between 1905 and 1910, and the Grundrisse, published by the Marx-Engels-Lenin Institute of Moscow between 1939-41).

Marx’s notebooks of excerpts and preparatory manuscripts for the second and third volumes of Capital are now being published in German under the auspices of the Marx-Engels-Gesamtausgabe (MEGA²) project. The former include not only material from the books he read but also the reflections they stimulated in him; they reveal the trajectory of his thought and the sources on which he drew in developing his own ideas. The publication of all the Capital manuscripts, and all the editorial revisions made by Engels (to be completed in German in 2012), enable a reliable critical evaluation of the extent of Engels’s input into the published editions of Volumes Two and Three.

In the light of the philological acquisitions of MEGA², this course aims to reconstruct all the stages of Marx’s critique of political economy (starting from Parisian studies of 1843-44), and, particularly, the making of Capital through the various drafts, like the Grundrisse (the interpretation of which will be emphasized), the Theories of Surplus Value and the 'Results of the Immediate Process of Production', better known as the 'Unpublished Chapter VI'. Similar attention will be devoted to Marx’s 1850s journalism for the New-York Tribune, in which he dealt with topics beyond those explored in Capital and his scholarly manuscripts, which are important sources for every serious scholar of Marx.

Course Requirements

Class Participation:

This course is taught in weekly seminars lasting 2 hours and 50 minutes. Attendance is strongly recommended and students are expected to participate actively in seminar discussion.

Presentation:

Each class will begin with a student presentation (20 - 30 minutes) on the assigned readings. Please avoid just reading a paper aloud, and try to draw the attention of the class to issues on which the presenter would like class discussion and comment.

Final Paper Proposal:

Students are free to propose their own final paper topic, but it has to be related to the topics and the writings of the course syllabus. Final paper proposal should be 3-4 pages and should include the following information:

- Indication of the title;

- Preliminary outline of the paper and its problematic;

- 6-8 keywords concerning the themes and concepts to be addressed;

- A bibliography of at least 8-10 sources consulted;

Final papers proposal will be due by 22 November, in hard copy and by email.

Final Paper:

The Final Paper, approved through the Final Paper Proposal, will be due in hard copy and by email 15 December and should:

- be approximately 5000 words;

- be clearly structured (divided in at least 3/4 sections);

- have references from hard copy books with the indication of page numbers (no references from internet).

Access to Readings:

The volumes of Marx-Engels Collected Works are available online at http://www.marxists.org/archive/marx/works/cw/index.htm; while the other books and articles indicated in the readings are on reserve at Scott library. Many of the readings are available on-line (more information on the course could be also found at www.marcellomusto.com)

Finally, Karl Marx, Grundrisse (Penguin, 1993), Karl Marx, Capital (Penguin, 1990), and Marcello Musto (ed.), Karl Marx’s Grundrisse. Foundations of the Critique of Political Economy (Routledge, 2008) have been ordered for the bookstore.

Course Evaluation

Class Participation

20%

2 Presentations 15% each

30%

Final paper proposal

10%

Final paper

40%

Schedule of Classes and Readings

Sep 13 Introduction and Overview

Sep 20 Different Marxes, Different Marxisms

Required Readings:

Marcello Musto, 'The Rediscovery of Karl Marx', International Review of Social History, vol. 52 part 3, 2007: 477-498.

Eric Hobsbawm, 'The Fortunes of Marx's and Engels' Writings'', in idem, ed., The History of Marxism, Volume 1: Marxism in Marx's day, Harvester 1982.

Additional Readings:

Maximilien Rubel – Margaret Manale, Marx Without Myth: AChronological Study of His Life and Work, Blackwell 1975.

David McLellan, Karl Marx: his life and thought, Palgrave 2006.

Ernest Mandel, 'Marx, Karl Heinrich', in John Eatwell - Murray Milgate - Peter Newman (eds), The New Palgrave: A Dictionary of Economics, Volume 3 , pp. 367-383.

Hal Draper, The Marx-Engels Chronicle, Schoken Books 1985.

Sep 27 The Formation of the Critique of Political Economy

Required Readings:

Karl Marx, 'Preface to A Contribution to the Critique of Political Economy' [1859].

Marcello Musto, 'Marx in Paris. Manuscripts and notebooks of 1844', Science & Society, Vol. 73, n. 3 (July 2009): 386-402.

Karl Marx, Economic-Philosophical Manuscripts of 1844 (Sections: 'Estranged Labour', 'The Relationship of Private Property', 'Private Property and Labour', 'Private Property and Communism') [1844].

Karl Marx, The Poverty of Philosophy (Chapter II: 'The Metaphysics of Political Economy') [1847].

Karl Marx, “Wage-Labour and Capital” [1849] (especially the sections: I, III and V).

Additional Readings:

Jürgen Rojahn, 'The emergence of a theory: the importance of Marx’s notebooks exemplified by those from 1844', Rethinking Marxism, Vol. 14, n. 4 (2002): 29-46.

Ernest Mandel, The Formation of the Economic Thought of Karl Marx, 1843 to Capital, New York: Monthly Review Press 1971.

Louis Althusser, For Marx, Verso 2005 (Chapter 2: 'On the Young Marx').

Allen Oakley, Marx’s Critique of Political Economy. Intellectual Sources and Evolution. Volume I: 1844 to 1860, Routledge 1984.

Oct 4 Marx at the time of the First World Economic Crisis

Marcello Musto, 'The Formation of Marx’s Critique of Political Economy: From the Studies of 1843 to the Grundrisse', Socialism & Democracy, Vol. 24, n. 3 (July 2010), pp. 66-100.

Michael Krätke, 'The First World Economic Crisis: Marx as an Economic Journalist', in Marcello Musto (ed.), Karl Marx’s Grundrisse. Foundations of the Critique of Political Economy 150 Years Later, pp. 162-168.

Karl Marx, articles for the New-York Tribune:

'The Economic Crisis in Europe', 'The Trade Crisis in England', 'The Financial Crisis in Europe' from MECW 15; and 'British Commerce and Finance' from MECW 16.

Plus five other articles, by choice, among those listed below:

'Pauperism and Free Trade – The Approaching Commercial Crisis' from MECW 11; 'Revolution in China and Europe' and 'Political Movements – Scarcity of Bread in Europe' from MECW 12; 'The Commercial Crisis in Britain' from MECW 13; 'The Crisis in England' from MECW 14; 'The French Crédit Mobilier' (I, II and III), 'The Monetary Crisis in Europe', 'The Causes of the Monetary Crisis in Europe', 'The European Crisis', 'The New French Bank Act', 'The Bank Act of 1844 and the Monetary Crisis in England', 'The Crisis in Europe', 'The French Crisis', 'The Economic Crisis in France' and 'The Financial State of France' from MECW 15; 'The English Bank Act of 1844' and 'Commercial Crises and Currency in Britain' from MECW 16.

Additional Readings:

Michael Perelman, Marx's Crises Theory, Praeger 1987.

Makoto Itoh, Value and Crisis, Monthly Review Press 1980.

Michael Krätke, 'Marx's 'books of crisis' of 1857-8', in Marcello Musto (ed.), Karl Marx’s Grundrisse. Foundations of the Critique of Political Economy 150 Years Later, Routledge 2008, pp. 169-175.

Oct 18 The '1857 Introduction'

Required Readings:

Marcello Musto, 'History, Production and Method in the 1857 Introduction', in idem, ed., Karl Marx’s Grundrisse. Foundations of the Critique of Political Economy 150 Years Later, pp. 3-32.

Karl Marx, Grundrisse ('Introduction'), Penguin 1973, pp. 83-111.

Additional Readings:

Stuart Hall, 'Marx’s notes on method: A "reading" of the "1857 Introduction"', Cultural Studies, Vol. 17, n. 2 (2003), pp. 113-49.

Terrell Carver, 'Commentary', in idem, ed., Karl Marx: Texts on Method, Oxford: Blackwell 1975, pp. 88-158.

Louis Althusser - Étienne Balibar, Reading Capital, Verso 1979.

Oct 25 Capitalism and Earlier Economic Formations

Required Readings:

Karl Marx, Grundrisse ('Forms Which Precede Capitalist Production'), pp. 471-513.

Eric Hobsbawm, Introduction to Karl Marx, Pre-Capitalist Economic Formations, International Publishers 1965, pp. 9-65.

Ellen Meiksins Wood, Historical Materialism in 'Forms Which Precede Capitalist Production' , in Marcello Musto, ed., Karl Marx's Grundrisse: Foundations of the Critique of Political Economy 150 Years Later, pp. 79-92.

Karl Marx, A Contribution to the Critique of Political Economy (Chapter I: 'The Commodity').

Additional Readings:

Ellen Meiksins Wood, Democracy Against Capitalism, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 1995 ('Introduction' and Chapter 1: 'The Separation of the 'Economic' and the 'Political' in Capitalism), pp. 1-48.

Vv. Aa., 'Dissemination and Reception of the Grundrisse in the World',Marcello Musto, ed., Karl Marx's Grundrisse: Foundations of the Critique of Political Economy (Chapters 12, 13, 14, 15, 17, 18, 21, 23, 24 and 25).

G. A. Cohen, Karl Marx's Theory of History, Princeton University Press 1978.

Nov 1 From the Grundrisse to Capital. I

Required Readings:

Roman Rosdolsky, The Making of Marx’s Capital, Pluto 1977 (Chapters 1 and 2).

Joseph O'Malley - Keith Algozin, ed., Rubel on Karl Marx: Five Essays, Cambridge University Press 1981.

Moishe Postone, Time, Labor, and Social Domination, Cambridge University Press 1993 (Chapters 1: 'Rethinking Marx's Critique of Capitalism' and 10: 'Concluding Considerations'), pp. 3-42 and 385-399.

Additional Readings:

Enrique Dussel, 'The Discovery of the Category of Surplus Value', in Marcello Musto (ed.), Karl Marx’s Grundrisse. Foundations of the Critique of Political Economy 150 Years Later, pp. 66-78.

Allen Oakley, The Making of Marx’s Critical Theory, Routledge 1983.

Vytalij Vygoskij, The Story of a Great Discovery: How Karl Marx Wrote 'Capital', Verlag der Wirthschaft 1973.

Nov 8 From the Grundrisse to Capital. II

Required Readings:

Karl Marx, Capital, Volume I ('Preface to the First Edition'; and 'Postface to the French Edition'), pp. 89-93, 105.

Moishe Postone, "Rethinking Capital in Light of the Grundrisse", in M. Musto (ed.), Karl Marx’s Grundrisse. Foundations of the Critique of Political Economy, pp. 120-137.

Michael Lebowitz, Beyond Capital, Palgrave 2003 (Chapter 3: 'The Missing Book on Wage-Labour'), pp. 27-50.

Kevin Anderson, Marx at the Margins, University of Chicago Press 2010 (Chapter 5: From the Grundrisse to Capital: Multilinear Themes), pp. 151-195.

Kevin Anderson, “The Unknown Marx’s Capital, volume I: The French Edition of 1872-75, 100 Years later”, in Review of Radical Political Economy, Vol. 15, n.4 (1983), pp. 71-80.

Additional Readings:

Allen Oakley, Marx’s Critique of Political Economy. Intellectual Sources and Evolution. Volume II: 1861 to 1863, Routledge 1985.

Enrique Dussel, Towards an unknown Marx: A Commentary on the Manuscritps of 1861-1863, Routledge 2001.

Ernest Mandel, 'Introduction', in Karl Marx, Capital, Volume I, pp. 11-86.

Ben Fine - Alfredo Saad-Filho, Marx's Capital, Pluto Press 2010.

David Harvey, The Limits to Capital, London: Verso 2006 (Chapter 1: 'Commodities, Values and Class Relation'), pp. 1-38.

Nov 15 Labour and Capital in the Unpublished 'Chapter VI' of 1863- 1864

Karl Marx, Capital, Volume I ('Appendix: Results of the Immediate Process of Production'), pp. 948-1084.

Additional Readings:

Ernest Mandel, 'Appendix: Results of the Immediate Process of Production: Introduction', in Karl Marx, Capital, Volume I, pp. 943-947.

Nov 22 Marx's Conception of Socialism in Capital and its Preparatory Manuscripts

Required Readings:

Karl Marx, Grundrisse ('The Fragments on Machines'), Penguin 1973, pp. 690-712.

Karl Marx, Capital, Volume I (Chapters I, section 4: 'The Fetishism of Commodities and the Secret Thereof'; 10: 'The Working Day', section 5 'The Struggle for a Normal Working Day. Laws for the Compulsory Extension of the Working Day, from the Middle of the Fourteenth to the End of the Seventeenth Century'; and 13: 'Co-operation'), pp. 163-177, 375-389, 439-454.

Iring Fetscher, 'Emancipated Individuals in an Emancipated Society: Marx's Sketch of Post-Capitalist Society in the Grundrisse', in Marcello Musto (ed.), Karl Marx’s Grundrisse. Foundations of the Critique of Political Economy 150 Years Later, pp. 107-119.

Paresh Chattopadhyay, 'The Failure of Twentieth-Century Socialism and Marx’s Continuing Relevance', Socialism and Democracy, Vol. 24, n. 3 (2010), pp. 23-45.

Paresh Chattopadhyay, 'Passage to Socialism: The Dialectic of Progress in Marx', Historical Materialism, Vol. 14, n.3 (2006), pp. 45-84.

Roman Rosdolsky, The Making of Marx’s Capital, Pluto 1977 (Chapters XXVIII and XXIX).

Michael Lebowitz, Beyond Capital, Palgrave 2003 (Chapter 11: 'From Capital to the Collective Worker'), pp. 197-210.

Additional Readings:

Karl Marx, Critique of the Gotha Programme

Karl Marx, 'Letter to Vera Zasulich' (including the drafts) [1881], in MECW 24.

Daniel Bensaid, Marx for Our Times, Verso 2002.

Isaak Illich Rubin, Essays on Marx’s Theory of Value, Black & Red 1972.

Nov 29 Engels’ editorial activity on Capital vol. II and vol. III

Friedrich Engels, “Preface” to Capital vol. II.

Friedrich Engels, “Preface” to Capital vol. III.

Karl Marx, Capital, vol. III (Part III “The Law of the Tendency of the Rate of the Profit to Fall”).

Michael Heinrich, "Engels’ Edition of the Third Volume of Capital and Marx’s Original Manuscript", in Science & Society, Vol. 60, n. 4, (Winter 1996-1997), 452-466.

Michael Heinrich, Das Kapital. Kritik der politischen Ökonomie. Dritter Band (review), in Historical Materialism, Vol. 15 (2007), pp. 195-210.

Regina Roth, “Karl Marx’s Original Manuscripts in the Marx-Engels-Gesamtausgabe (MEGA): Another View on Capital”, in R.Bellofiore-R.Fineschi, Re-reading Marx, Palgrave: 2009.

Michael Heinrich,"Reconstuction or Deconstruction? Methodological Controversies about Value and Capital and New Insights from the Critical Edition”, in R.Bellofiore-R.Fineschi, Re-reading Marx, Palgrave: 2009.

Dec 5 (Monday) Why Could Marx Not Complete Capital ?

Special Seminar with the participation of Michael Krätke (Chair of the Department of Political Economy at Lancaster University - Britain)

February 2010

AP/POLS 4010 3.0 M (W)

History of Political Thought:

Socialist Thought from the French Revolution

to the Fall of the Berlin Wall


Winter 2012

Course Director: Marcello Musto

Lecture Time: Tue 11:30 – 14.30

Class Location: Ross Building, N 812

Office Location: Ross Building, N 813
Office Hour: Tue 15:30-16:30 / Thu 19:00-20:00

Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Phone: 416 – 736 2100, Ext. 20241

Course Syllabus


The course will centre on the principal European conceptions of Socialism between 1789 and 1989. Its first part will be dedicated to some of the most important Socialist thinkers of the Nineteenth Century (Saint-Simon, Fourier, Owen, Proudhon, Lassalle, Marx, Bakunin, and the Fabians), while the second part will focus on the analysis of the main Marxist controversies and Socialist political experiences of the Twentieth Century (especially the Bernstein Debate of the Second International, and the so-called “actually existing socialism” in Soviet Union expressed in the works of Lenin and Stalin).

Goal of the course is to examine the characteristics and distinguishing features of the varied Socialisms articulated by the authors above. The selection of readings will focus on the writings in which these thinkers developed their theories of how a Socialist society should be economically and politically organized.

Special attention will be dedicated to Marx’s Socialism and to his critique of other Socialisms, including Anarchism. Though he never composed a single text specifically on Socialism and post-capitalist society, through his critique of capitalism Marx pointed to some of the key social features and relations of production in the “society of free producers” which would replace the capitalist social formation. The course will explore the originality of Marx’s theories in comparison with those of his socialist predecessors, as well as the differences between his ideas and the historical record of “actually existing Socialism”.

The last class will review the course and examine the most relevant contemporary Socialist theoretical and political interventions (such as those offered by Latin American socialist governments, the European Communist parties, the Socialist International, the so-called 'Socialism of the XXI Century', and the Alter-globalization movement).

Course Requirements

Class Participation:

This course is taught in weekly seminars lasting 2 hours and 50 minutes. Attendance and informed participation at all class meetings is not only strongly recommended, but required. Students are expected to attend class regularly, complete the assignment readings on time and participate actively in class discussion. Participation will be marked for attendance and quality of participation.

Presentation:

Each class will begin with student presentation (not exceeding 30 minutes) on the assigned readings. Moreover, there will be one discussant, who will start the discussion by responding to the presentation(s). Presenter should give a 1/2 pages summary of their presentation to her/his discussant a day in advance of the class, and should also provide photocopies of the summary for other students.

A good presentation is very important to stimulate the discussion. Therefore, please avoid just reading a paper aloud, and try to draw the attention of the class to issues on which the presenter would like class discussion and comment. Presentations should:

- give all the pertinent biographical information about the author(s) in question and the historical context in which the assigned texts were written;

- reconstruct the argument of the author(s) examined, and provide an overview of the assigned readings;

- identify the key questions for discussion, and the controversies implied by the material;

- critically analyze the texts (for example: what are the limitations of the position expressed in the readings?);

- Identify anything you found unclear or hard to understand;

- conclude with three discussion questions for the group to consider.

Final Paper Proposal:

Students are free to propose their own final paper topic, but it has to be related to the authors and/or the writings read during the course (papers on the Socialist "models" of the authors included in the program, or on the comparison among different Socialist conceptions, are the most welcome).

Final paper proposal should be 3-4 pages and should include the following information:

- Indication of the title;

- An annotated bibliography of at least 3 sources consulted, not from the course outline. Each entry must include: a) the full and complete bibliographic citation; and b) a brief assessment of why you think the source will be useful for your paper;

- Preliminary outline of your paper. This text should be a prose summary (i.e., not bullet-point) of your preliminary argument, that provides an outline of the paper you expect to write. It should also include a list of the probable sections into which your paper will be divided.

Final papers proposal will be due 28 February, in hard copy and by email. Late assignment will be penalized.

Final Paper:

The topic of the paper must be the one approved through the Final Paper Proposal. The Final Paper should:

- be approximately 5000 words, including footnotes and bibliography (roughly 20 pages double spaced 12 pt. 'Times New Toman' font);

- be clearly structured (divided in at least 3/4 sections), and written with rigorous evidence;

- be argued with documentation from a critical sources (1-2 books and/or articles per page is a good rule of thumb). These sources may include some of the assigned readings, but must also evidence original research.

- have references from hard copy books with the indication of page numbers. Papers with references from internet - unless they are truly necessary - will be penalized.

Final papers will be due 5 April, in hard copy and by email. Late assignment will be penalized.

Warning: the paper must be entirely your own work. No plagiarism.

Access to Readings:

The reading list has been organised as follows. Each topic specifies a number of Required Readings. These are the minimum which you must read every week in order to be able to participate fully in the seminar discussions. You can go deeper into the topic using the Additional Readings, especially when you prepare your presentation and write your essays.

Many of the required readings are available on-line (more information on the course could be also found at www.marcellomusto.com); while the following articles and books are available on-line (for example the articles from The Nation) or on reserve at Scott library:

Paresh Chattopadhyay, 'The Economic Content of Socialism: Marx vs. Lenin', Review of Radical Political Economics, Vol.24, n. 3-4 (1992).

Paresh Chattopadhyay, The Marxian Concept of Capital and the Soviet Experience, Westport, CT: Praeger 1994.

Paresh Chattopadhyay, 'The Failure of Twentieth-Century Socialism and Marx’s Continuing Relevance', Socialism and Democracy, vol. 24, n. 3 (2010): 23-45.

George D.H. Cole, Socialist Thought, Volume I: The Forerunners 1789-1850, London: MacMillan 1962.

George D.H. Cole, Socialist Thought, Volume II: Marxism and Anarchism 1850-1890, London: MacMillan 1961.

Hal Draper, Karl Marx’s Theory of Revolution. Vol. IV: Critique of Other Socialisms, New York: Monthly Review 1990.

Eric J. Hobsbawm, The Age of Revolution 1789-1848, Chicago: Mentor 1962.

Eric Hobsbawm, ed., The History of Marxism, Volume 1: Marxism in Marx's day, Brighton: Harvester 1982.

Harry W. Laidler, History of Socialism, New York: Thomas Y. Crowell 1968.

Carl Landauer, European Socialism, Berkeley/Los Angeles: University of California Press 1959.

Marcello Musto, 'The Rediscovery of Karl Marx', International Review of Social History, Vol. 52, part 3 (2007).

David McNally, Against the Market: Political Economy, Market Socialism and the Marxist Critique, London: Verso 1993.

Clara Zetkin, 'What the Women Owe to Karl Marx', in Frank Mecklenburg - Manfred Stassen, German Essays on Socialism in the Nineteenth Century, New York: Continuum 1990, pp. 237-241.

Course Evaluation

Class Participation

35%

Presentation

15%

Final paper proposal

10%

Final paper

40%

Mid-term class participation marks will be available by appointment the week of 27 February; please contact me by email the week prior if you would like such an appointment.

Schedule of Classes and Readings

Jan 3 Introduction and Overview

Jan 10 The Early Socialists I: Saint Simon and Fourier

Required Readings:

Carl Landauer, European Socialism, pp. 21-46 (Chap. I: 'The Three Anticapitalistic Movement', sections 1, 2, 3 and 4).

George D.H. Cole, Socialist Thought, Volume I: The Forerunners 1789-1850, pp. 37-50 and 62-74 (Chap. IV: 'Saint-Simon', and Chap. VI: 'Fourier and Fourierism').

Charles Fourier, 'The Phalanstery' (Fragment I) http://marxists.org/reference/archive/fourier/works/ch20.htm

Charles Fourier, 'The Phalanstery' (Fragment II).
http://marxists.org/reference/archive/fourier/works/ch27.htm

Charles Fourier, 'Attractive Labour'

http://marxists.org/reference/archive/fourier/works/ch26.htm

Additional Readings:

Friedrich Engels, Socialism: Utopian and Scientific (Chap. I: 'The Development of Utopian Socialism').

http://www.marxists.org/archive/marx/works/1880/soc-utop/index.htm

Eric J. Hobsbawm, The Age of Revolution 1789-1848, pp. 22-43 and 363-374 (Chap. 1 and Maps).

Jan 17 The Early Socialists II: Owen

Required Readings:

Carl Landauer, European Socialism, pp. 46-59 (Chap. I: 'The Three Anticapitalistic Movement', section 5).

George D.H. Cole, Socialist Thought, Volume I: The Forerunners 1789-1850, pp. 86-101 (Chap. IX: 'Owen and Owenism - Earlier Phases').

Robert Owen, A New View of Society (Essay Two: 'The Principles of the Former Essay continued, and applied in part to Practice', and Essay Four: 'The end of government is to make the governed and the governors happy').
http://marxists.org/reference/subject/economics/owen/index.htm#new-view

Additional Readings:

George D.H. Cole, Socialist Thought, Volume I: The Forerunners 1789-1850, pp. 120-131 (Chap. XI: 'Owen and the Trade Unions - The end of Owenism').

Eric J. Hobsbawm, The Age of Revolution 1789-1848, pp. 44-73 (Chap. 2).

Jan 24 Proudhon, or Socialism as Workers’ Self-Management

Required Readings:

Carl Landauer, European Socialism, pp. 59-68 (Chap. I: 'The Three Anticapitalistic Movement', section 6).

George D.H. Cole, Socialist Thought, Volume I: The Forerunners 1789-1850, pp. 201-218 (Chap. XIX: 'Proudhon').

Pierre-Joseph Proudhon, General Idea of the Revolution in the Nineteenth Century (Chap. III: 'The Principle of Association', and Chap. VI: section 3: 'Division of Labour, Collective Forces, Machines, Workingmen’s Associations').
http://fair-use.org/p-j-proudhon/general-idea-of-the-revolution/

Karl Marx, On Proudhon

http://www.marxists.org/archive/marx/works/1865/letters/65_01_24.htm

Friedrich Engels – Karl Marx, Manifesto of the Communist Party (Chap. III: 'Socialist and Communist Literature').

http://www.marxists.org/archive/marx/works/1848/communist-manifesto/index.htm

Additional Readings:

David McNally, Against the Market: Political Economy, Market Socialism and the Marxist Critique, pp. 139-169 (Chap. 5: 'Proudhon Did Enormous Mischief': Marx's Critique of the First Market Socialists').

Jan 31 Lassalle and the State Socialism

Required Readings:

George D.H. Cole, Socialist Thought, Volume II: Marxism and Anarchism 1850-1890, pp. 71-87 (Chap. V: 'Lassalle').

Ferdinand Lassalle, The Working Man’s Programme
http://books.google.com/books?id=jAnvxDwjIYgC&pg=PA1&lpg=PA1&dq=%E2%80%A2%09Ferdinand+Lassalle,+The+Working+Man%E2%80%99s+Programme+edward+peters&source=bl&ots=ZWTEvlgAeO&sig=yI4lwocg9JhlwhW8CtoLpR2rBl4&hl=it&ei=BZMyS7OGO42xlAevv4ygBw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=3&ved=0CBQQ6AEwAg#v=onepage&q=%E2%80%A2%09Ferdinand%20Lassalle%2C%20The%20Working%20Man%E2%80%99s%20Programme%20edward%20peters&f=false

Hal Draper, Karl Marx’s Theory of Revolution. Vol. IV: Critique of Other Socialisms, pp. 41-71 (Chap. 3: 'Of State-Socialism: Lassallean Model').

Additional Readings:

Hal Draper, Karl Marx’s Theory of Revolution. Vol. IV: Critique of Other Socialisms, pp. 241-269 ('Special Note A. Lassalle and Marx: History of a Myth').

Eduard Bernstein, Ferdinand Lassalle as a Social Reformer (Chap. VII: 'The Open Reply Letter; its economic portion - The Iron Law of Wages, and productive co-operative societies with State-Help').

http://www.marxists.org/reference/archive/bernstein/works/1893/lassalle/chap07.htm

Feb 7 Marx's Socialism, or t he Associated Mode of Production

Required Readings:

Marcello Musto, 'The Rediscovery of Karl Marx', International Review of Social History, Vol. 52, part 3 (2007): 477-498.

Eric Hobsbawm, 'Marx, Engels and Pre-Marxian socialism', in idem, ed., The History of Marxism, Volume 1: Marxism in Marx's day.

Friedrich Engels – Karl Marx, Manifesto of the Communist Party (Chap. I: 'Bourgeois and Proletarians', and Chap. II: 'Proletarians and Communists').

http://www.marxists.org/archive/marx/works/1848/communist-manifesto/index.htm 

Karl Marx, Capital (Chap. I, section 4: 'The Fetishism of the Commodity and Its Secret').

http://www.marxists.org/archive/marx/works/1867-c1/ch01.htm#S4

Karl Marx, Critique of the Gotha Programme.

http://www.marxists.org/archive/marx/works/1875/gotha/index.htm

Additional Readings:

Karl Marx, Grundrisse ('The Fragments on Machines', pp. 690-712).

http://www.marxists.org/archive/marx/works/1857/grundrisse/index.htm

Also available here:

thenewobjectivity.com/pdf/marx.pdf

Ernest Mandel, 'Marx, Karl Heinrich', in John Eatwell - Murray Milgate - Peter Newman (eds), The New Palgrave: A Dictionary of Economics, Volume 3 , pp. 367-383.

http://www.marxists.org/archive/mandel/19xx/marx/

Clara Zetkin, 'What the Women Owe to Karl Marx', in Frank Mecklenburg - Manfred Stassen, German Essays on Socialism in the Nineteenth Century, pp. 237-241.

Feb 14 Anarchism Versus Socialism

Required Readings:

Peter Kropotkin, 'Anarchism' (from The Encyclopaedia Britannica).

http://www.marxists.org/reference/archive/kropotkin-peter/1910/britannica.htm

George D.H. Cole, Socialist Thought, Volume II: Marxism and Anarchism 1850-1890, pp. 213-236 (Chap. IX: 'Bakunin').

Mikhail Bakunin, 'Revolutionary Catechism'.

http://www.marxists.org/reference/archive/bakunin/works/1866/catechism.htm

Karl Marx, Conspectus of Bakunin’s 'Statism and Anarchy'.

http://www.marxists.org/archive/marx/works/1874/04/bakunin-notes.htm

Friedrick Engels, On Authority.

http://www.marxists.org/archive/marx/works/1872/10/authority.htm

Karl Marx, Political Indifferentism.

http://www.marxists.org/archive/marx/works/1873/01/indifferentism.htm

Additional Readings:

 Maximilien Rubel, Theoretician of Anarchism.

http://www.marxists.org/archive/rubel/1973/marx-anarchism.htm

George D.H. Cole, Socialist Thought, Volume II: Marxism and Anarchism 1850-1890, pp. 315-360 (Chap. XII: 'Anarchists and Anarchist-Communists - Kropotkin').

Feb 28 Fabianism, or the Reformist Socialism

Required Readings:

Harry W. Laidler, History of Socialism, pp. 184-222.

Sidney Webb, Historic , in George Bernard Shaw(ed.), Fabian Essays in Socialism, pp. 3-43.

http://oll.libertyfund.org/?option=com_staticxt&staticfile=show.php%3Ftitle=298

Additional Readings:

Graham Wallas, Property under Socialism , in George Bernard Shaw(ed.), Fabian Essays in Socialism, pp. 163-185.

http://oll.libertyfund.org/?option=com_staticxt&staticfile=show.php%3Ftitle=298

Mar 6 Evolutionary Socialism or Revolutionary Socialism? The Bernstein Debate

Required Readings:

Eduard Bernstein, The Preconditions of Socialism (Chap. III: 'The Tasks and Possibilities of Social Democracy').

http://marxists.org/reference/archive/bernstein/works/1899/evsoc/index.htm

Rosa Luxemburg, Reform or Revolution.

http://www.marxists.org/archive/luxemburg/1900/reform-revolution/index.htm

Additional Readings:

George D.H. Cole, Socialist Thought, Volume II: Marxism and Anarchism 1850-1890, pp. 425-444 (Chap. XII: 'Socialism in the Early 1890s. Conclusion').

Mar 13 Lenin and the Bolshevik Socialism

Required Readings:

Vladimir Lenin, The State and Revolution (Chapters I, II, III, V).

http://www.marxists.org/archive/lenin/works/1917/staterev/

Paresh Chattopadhyay, 'The Economic Content of Socialism: Marx vs. Lenin', Review of Radical Political Economics, Vol.24, n. 3-4 (1992): 90-110.

Additional Readings:

Paresh Chattopadhyay, 'The Failure of Twentieth-Century Socialism and Marx’s Continuing Relevance', Socialism and Democracy, vol. 24, n. 3 (2010): 23-45.

Vladimir Lenin, 'Last Testament: Letter to the Congress'.

http://www.marxists.org/archive/lenin/works/1922/dec/testamnt/congress.htm

Mar 20 Stalin and the Socialism in One Country

Required Readings:

Joseph Stalin, Concerning Questions of Leninism (Chapters 4, 5, 6).

http://www.marxists.org/reference/archive/stalin/works/1926/01/25.htm

Joseph Stalin, Economic Problems of the Socialism in the USSR (Chapters 1, 2, 3, 7).

http://www.marxists.org/reference/archive/stalin/works/1951/economic-problems/index.htm

Paresh Chattopadhyay, The Marxian Concept of Capital and the Soviet Experience, pp. 101-119 (Chap. 6: 'The Soviet Economy as a Non-Capitalist Economy: Theoretical Considerations').

Additional Readings:

Joseph Stalin, Once More on the Social-Democratic Deviation in our Party [1926] (Report Delivered on December 7, Sections III: 'The Disagreements in the C.P.S.U.(B.)', and Reply to the Discussion, December 13, Section III: 'The Question of Building Socialism in the U.S.S.R.').

http://www.marxists.org/reference/archive/stalin/works/1926/11/22.htm

Boris Souvarine, Stalin: A Critical Survey of Bolshevism (Chap. X: 'Stalin').

http://www.marxists.org/history/etol/writers/souvar/works/stalin/ch10.htm

Mar 27 The Contemporary Prospects of Socialism

An article (by choice) among those written for the Forum on Socialism in The Nation.

http://www.thenation.com/article/socialists-need-be-where-struggle

A list of other texts for the last class will be distributed during the course.

February 2010

POLS 4906 3.0(A) (F)

Political Thought Capstone: Marx

Fall 2010

Course Director: Dr. Marcello Musto

Lecture Time: Tue, 11:30 – 14.30

Class Location: Vanier College 102

Office Location: 620 Atkinson College Office Hours: Tue. 15:30-16:30

Emails: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Phone: 416 – 736 2100 Ext. 20241

Course Syllabus

Having been wrongly identified with the Soviet Union and ‘actually existing socialism’, Marx was almost unanimously written off after the fall of the Berlin Wall and consigned to oblivion. Yet, since the outbreak of the current international economic crisis, his thought has again been attracting major attention: the study of his work is reviving almost everywhere, and university courses on Marx are again in vogue.

This course will centre on the critical interpretation of some of Marx’s main writings. It will examine various phases of his intellectual output: early philosophical and political writings, studies of political economy, historical and political works from 1848-1852, journalistic pieces from the 1850s, the drafting of Capital, political activity in the International Workingmen’s Association, the last decade of his life and work. The study of his intellectual biography will, it is hoped, bring out the theoretical gains that were decisive for the development of his thought. Reconstruction of the period and of his personal circumstances will always place the texts in their historical context, and a close examination of the drafts and preparatory materials will show the influence of certain predecessors and contemporaries in the formation of his own ideas. Close attention will also be paid to philological insights contained in recent German volumes of the historical-critical Marx-Engels-Gesamtausgabe (many of which are still unknown in the English-speaking world), and the resulting new interpretations of Marx’s unfinished manuscripts (for example, the Economic-Philosophical Manuscripts of 1844, The German Ideology and Volumes Two and Three of Capital) will be compared with the erroneous readings of these texts by the main twentieth-century variants of Marxism.

The final part of the course will look critically at some characteristics of the main schools of Marxism in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, and consider the most important works published in recent years on the continuing relevance of Marx’s thought for an understanding of the contemporary world and its problems.

Course Requirements and evaluation

Class Participation

35%

Presentation (20 - 30 min.)

15%

Final paper proposal

10%

Final paper (5000 words)

40%

Mid-term class participation marks will be available by appointment the week of 25 October; please contact me by email the week prior if you would like such an appointment.

Class participation

Attendance and informed participation at all class meetings is not only strongly recommended, but required. Students are expected to attend class regularly, complete the assignment readings on time and participate actively in class discussion. Participation will be marked for: attendance and quality of participation.

Presentation

Each class will begin with 30 minutes of student presentations on the assigned readings for that session. Presentations should:

- give all the pertinent biographical information about the authors and the historical context in which the assigned texts were written

- provide an overview of the key arguments and information within the assigned readings

- identify the controversies explicitly raised or implied by the material

- critically analyse the materials

- conclude with three discussion questions for the group to consider.

Final paper proposal

Students are free to propose their own final paper topic in this course. Final paper proposals should be 3-4 pages and demonstrate that you have sufficiently researched this topic to conclude that it is a suitable topic for the final paper. Proposals should include the following information:

- Topic. You may choose any topic related to the topics contained within the course outline. Be as specific as possible

- An annotated bibliography of at least 3 sources you have consulted, not from the course outline. Each entry must include: a) the full and complete bibliographic citation; and b) a brief assessment of why you think the source will be useful for your paper

- Preliminary outline of the argument of your paper. This discussion should be a prose (i.e., not bullet-point) summary of your preliminary argument, that provides an outline of the argument you expect to make. It should also include a list of the probable sections into which your paper will be divided.

Final papers proposal will be due 23 November, in hard copy and by email. Late assignments will be penalized.

Final paper

The final research papers should be approximately 5000 words (including footnotes but not bibliography; roughly 15-20 pages double spaced 12 pt. times new roman font). The topic of the paper must be the one approved through the prewriting assignment. Strong papers will be clearly structured, written and argued, with rigorous evidence and documentation from a number of sources (1-2 per page of an assignment is a good rule of thumb). These sources may include the assigned readings, but must also evidence original research.

Final papers will be due 17 December, in hard copy and by email. Late assignments will be penalized.

Note: K. Marx’s Early Writings (Penguin, 1992), K. Marx – F. Engels Communist Manifesto (Verso, 1998) and K. Marx’s Grundrisse (Penguin, 1973) have been ordered for the bookstore and are available at Scott library. M. Musto (ed.), Karl Marx’s Grundrisse. Foundations of the Critique of Political Economy (Routledge, 2008) is on library reserve. The volumes of Marx-Engels Collected Works are available online at http://www.marxists.org/archive/marx/works/cw/index.htm and at Scott library. M. Musto and T. Carver’s articles are available on-line without charge to York students and will also be on library reserve. A list of texts by choice for the last two classes will be distributed during the course.

Schedule of Lectures and Required Reading

Sept 14 Introduction and Overview

Sept 21 Different Marx, Different Marxisms

Marcello Musto, “The Rediscovery of Karl Marx”, International Review of Social History, vol. 52 part 3, 2007: 477-498.

Sept 28 Education and Early Writings (1818-43)

“Letter to his Father (November 10 1837)”; “On the Jewish Question”; “Contribution to a Critique of Hegel’s Philosophy of Right. Introduction”.

Oct 5 The Discovery of Political Economy (1844)

Economic-Philosophical Manuscripts of 1844 .

Recommended: Marcello Musto, “Marx in Paris. Manuscripts and notebooks of 1844”, Science & Society, vol. 73, n. 3 (July 2009): 386-402.

Oct 19 First Outline of the Materialist Conception of History (1845-47)

“Preface to A Contribution to the Critique of Political Economy” (1859); The German Ideology (Chap. I: “Feuerbach: Opposition of the Materialist and Idealist Outlooks”); The Poverty of Philosophy (Chap. II: “The Metaphysics of Political Economy”). Recommended: Theses on Feuerbach ; Terrell Carver “The German Ideology Never Took Place”, History of Political Thought, 31(1): 107-127.

Oct 26 Bourgeoisie, Proletariat and Class Struggle (1848)

Manifesto of the Communist Party (with F. Engels); Eric Hobsbawm, “Introduction to The Communist Manifesto. A Modern Edition”, Verso 1998: 3-29.

Nov 2 Advancing the Critique of Political Economy: the London Notebooks and Marx as an Economic Journalist (1849-56)

“Wage-Labour and Capital”; Three articles by choice from the New-York Tribune; Marcello Musto, “The Formation of Marx’s Critique of Political Economy. From the Studies of 1843 to the Grundrisse”, Socialism & Democracy, nr. 54 (2010): 66-100.

Nov 9 The First World Economic Crisis and the Grundrisse (1857-58)

Three articles by choice on the Economic Crisis from the New-York Tribune; Grundrisse (“Fragment on Machines”).

Recommended: Marcello Musto (ed.), Karl Marx’s Grundrisse. Foundations of the Critique of Political Economy (Chap. 12: “Dissemination and Reception of the Grundrisse in the World:Introduction”), 2008: 179-188.

Nov 16 The Making of Capital (1859-81)

Capital, vol. I (Chap. I, § 4: “The Fetishism of Commodities and the Secret Thereof”, Chap. 13: “Co-operation”, Chap. 25, § 3: “Progressive Production of a Relative Surplus Population or Industrial Reserve Army”; Part VII: “The So-called Primitive Accumulation”); Capital, vol. III (Chap. XXVII: “The Role of Credit in Capitalist Production”).

Nov 23 Political Activities in the IWA (1864-72)

“Inaugural Address of the International Working Men’s Association”; The Civil War in France.

PAPER PROPOSAL DUE

Nov 30 The Studies of the Last Decade (1873-83)

“Notes on Bakunin’s Statism and Anarchy”; Critique of the Gotha Programme; “Interview with Karl Marx (January 5 1879)”; “The Programme of the Parti Ouvrier” (with J. Guesde); “Letter (and Drafts) to Vera Zasulich”.

Dec 7 Marxisms after Marx

A text by choice among a group of the most important Marxist writings (essays or chapters of books) of the Nineteenth and the Twentieth centuries.

Dec 14 Is Marx still important today?

An article by choice among a group of brief journalistic pieces on the current importance of Marx.

Dec 17 RESEARCH PAPER DUE

January 2010

POLS 4090/5090 3.0A (F)

Classical Marxist Theory

Fall 2009

Dr. Marcello Musto

S612 Ross Bldg
Hours: Mon. 2:00-3:00; Thu. 2:00-3:00

Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Phone: 416 – 736 2100 – 20241

Course Syllabus

Having been wrongly identified with the Soviet Union and ‘actually existing socialism’, Marx was almost unanimously written off after the fall of the Berlin Wall and consigned to oblivion. Yet, since the outbreak of the current international economic crisis, his thought has again been attracting major attention: the study of his work is reviving almost everywhere, and university courses on Marx are again in vogue.

February 2009